HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits



of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Pimplinae Wesmael, 1845.


Acropimpla Townes, 1960


Afrephialtes Benoit, 1953


Afrosphincta Benoit, 1953

Brachyzapus Gauld & Dubois, 2006

Camptotypus Kriechbaumer, 1889


Clistopyga Gravenhorst, 1829

Echthromorpha Holmgren, 1868


Eruga Townes, 1960


Exeristes Förster, 1869

Itoplectis Förster, 1869

Neotheronia Krieger, 1899


Pimpla Fabricius, 1804


Pimplaetus Seyrig, 1932


Pterinopus Townes, 1969


Sericopimpla Kriechbaumer, 1895

Theronia Holmgren, 1859


Tromatobia Förster, 1869


Xanthephialtes Cameron, 1906


Xanthophenax Saussure, 1892


Xanthopimpla Saussure, 1892


Zabrachypus Cushman, 1920


Zaglyptus Förster, 1869


Zatypota Förster, 1869



Biology Most are Idiobiont ectoparasitoids of pupae or larvae of Holometabola insects. Hosts are killed or paralyzed by venom injected during oviposition. A few Pimplinae parasitize adult spiders and egg sacs (Araneae).
Diagnosis Clypeus separated from face by a groove, usually with apical half thin and apical margin notched, giving a bilobed appearance. Propodeum often with carina reduced, with few or no area defined. Metasomal tergite I usually short and wide, with glymma, spiracle at middle. Ovipositor without dorsal notch.
Diversity About 1540 species in 75 genera.


Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1: 247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Wesmael, C. 1845. Tentamen dispositionis methodicae. Ichneumonum Belgii. Nouveaux Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et Beaux-Arts de Belgique18:1-239.


Photographs © Simon van Noort or Aisha Mayekiso (Iziko Museums) or by Agničle Touret-Alby © MNHN (specimens database http://coldb.mnhn.fr) or © Oleksandr Varga (Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, NAS of Ukraine).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2018 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter