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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Cremastinae Förster, 1869. Type genus: Cremastus Gravenhorst, 1829.

Belesica Waterston, 1929

Cremastus Gravenhorst, 1829


Eucremastus Szépligeti, 1905

Eurygenys Townes, 1971

Fafana Rousse, Villemant & Seyrig, 2012


Noxocremastus Townes, 1971

Pimplomorpha Cameron, 1906

Pristomerus Curtis, 1836

Ricrena Cameron, 1906


Temelucha Förster, 1869

Trathala Cameron, 1899




Endoparasitoids (Koinobiont) of butterfly and moth (Lepidoptera) and sometimes beetle (Coleoptera) larva living in concealed situations such as tunnels, buds, galls or leaf rolls.

Diagnosis Clypeus separated from face by a groove. Ventro-posterior corner of propleuron with a strongly produced lobe touching or overlapping pronotum. Meso- and metatibial spurs separated from tarsomere 1 by a sclerotized bridge. Metasomal tergite I with spiracle near apex. Metasoma strongly compressed laterally. Ovipositor always longer than apical height of metasoma, with dorsal subapical notch. Face usually pale.
Diversity 800 species in 35 genera.


Cameron, P. 1911. On the parasitic Hymenoptera collected by Mr. A.J.T. Janse, Transvaal. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 2:173-217.

Cushman, R.A. 1934. A new species of Cremastus from an African "jumping bean". Arbeiten über Morphologische und Taxonomische Entomologie 1: 103-104.

Enderlein, G. 1914. Hymenoptera IV: Ichneumonidae. In: Michaelsen W. "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Land-und Süsswasserfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Band 1." Hamburg. 452 pp. (pp.211-233)

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology. 1:247-258.

Gauld, I.D. 1980. Notes on an economically important species of Temelucha Forster (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) and a preliminary key to Australian species. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 70, 43–47.

Holmgren, A.E. 1868. Hymenoptera. Species novas descripsit. Kongliga Svenska Fregatten Eugenies Resa omkring jorden. Zoologi 6: 391-442.

Horstmann, K. and Yu, D.S. 1999. Bemerkungen zur Taxonomie und Nomenklatur westpaläarktischer Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Entomologen 50: 77-84. 

Morley, C. 1913. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Hymenoptera, Vol.3. Ichneumonidae. London, British Museum. 531pp.

Perkins, J.F. 1962. On the type species of Förster's genera (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 11: 385-483.

Rousse P & van Noort S. 2014. Belesica madiba and Cremastus tutui (Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae), two entomological gems from South Africa. Zootaxa 3795: 161–173. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3795.2.5

Rousse, P. & van Noort, S. 2015. Revision of the Afrotropical species of Pristomerus (Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae), with description of 31 new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 124: 1-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2015.124

Rousse, P., Villemant, C. & Seyrig, A. 2011. Ichneumonid wasps from Madagascar. 5. Ichneumonidae Cremastinae. Zootaxa 3118: 1-30.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Rousse, P., Villemant, C. & Seyrig, A. 2013. Ichneumonid wasps from Madagascar. VI. The genus Pristomerus (Hymenopetra: Ichneumonidae: Cremastinae). European Journal of Taxonomy 49: 1-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2013.49

Szépligeti, G. 1922. Voyage de M.Rothschild en Ethiopie et en Afrique orientale anglaise 2. Braconides et Ichneumonides. Paris. 904 pp. 

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Zwart, K.W.R. 1998. Ichneumonidae. In A. Polaszek (ed.) African cereal stem borers: economic importance, taxonomy, natural enemies and control. CAB International, New York, USA, pp. 205–258.


Photographs © Simon van Noort or Aisha Mayekiso or Pascal Rousse (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or by Agnièle Touret-Alby © MNHN (specimens database http://coldb.mnhn.fr).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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