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Classification

Banchinae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Banchinae Wesmael 1845. Type genus: Banchus Fabricius, 1798.

Apophua_leucotretae_HOLOTYPE

Apophua Morley, 1913

Atropha_amabilis_LECTOTYPE

Atropha Kriechbaumer, 1894

Cryptopimpla Taschenberg, 1863

Exetastes_madecassus_HOLOTYPE

Exetastes Gravenhorst, 1829

Zygoglypta_minor_PARATYPE

Glyptopimpla Morley, 1913

Himertosoma_basilewskyi_HOLOTYPE

Himertosoma Schmiedeknecht, 1900

Lissonota_pectinata_HOLOTYPE

Lissonota Gravenhorst, 1829

Sjostiedtella_fumipennis_HOLOTYPE

Sjostedtiella Szépligeti, 1906

Spilopimpla_spinata_HOLOTYPE

Spilopimpla Cameron, 1904

Syzeuctus_lemur_HOLOTYPE

Syzeuctus Förster, 1869

Tetractenion_acaule_HOLOTYPE

Tetractenion Seyrig, 1932

Tossinola_lamellata_HOLOTYPE

Tossinola Viktorov, 1958

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Endoparasitoids (Koinobiont) of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera larva.

Diagnosis

Clypeus nearly always separated from face, anterior part of submetapleural carina usually produced as a strong lobe, propodeum often with only posterior transverse carina present or carinae absent, female hypopygium large and triangular in lateral view, ovipositor with subapical notch.

Diversity

 1700 species in 61 genera.

References

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology. 1:247-258.

Morley, C. 1913. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Hymenoptera, Vol.3. Ichneumonidae. London, British Museum. 531 pp.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Wesmael, C. 1845. Tentamen dispositionis methodicae. Ichneumonum Belgii. Nouveaux Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et Beaux-Arts de Belgique. 18(1944): 1-239.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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