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ClassificationIdentification keys

Banchinae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Banchinae Wesmael, 1845. Type genus: Banchus Fabricius, 1798.

Apophua_leucotretae_HOLOTYPE

Apophua Morley, 1913

Atropha_amabilis_LECTOTYPE

Atropha Kriechbaumer, 1894

Cryptopimpla Taschenberg, 1863

Exetastes Gravenhorst, 1829

Zygoglypta_minor_PARATYPE

Glyptopimpla Morley, 1913

Himertosoma_basilewskyi_HOLOTYPE

Himertosoma Schmiedeknecht, 1900

Lissonota_pectinata_HOLOTYPE

Lissonota Gravenhorst, 1829

Sjostiedtella_fumipennis_HOLOTYPE

Sjostedtiella Szépligeti, 1906

Spilopimpla_spinata_HOLOTYPE

Spilopimpla Cameron, 1904

Syzeuctus_lemur_HOLOTYPE

Syzeuctus Förster, 1869

Tetractenion_acaule_HOLOTYPE

Tetractenion Seyrig, 1932

Tossinola_lamellata_HOLOTYPE

Tossinola Viktorov, 1958

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Endoparasitoids (Koinobiont) of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera larva.

Diagnosis

Clypeus nearly always separated from face, anterior part of submetapleural carina usually produced as a strong lobe, propodeum often with only posterior transverse carina present or carinae absent, female hypopygium large and triangular in lateral view, ovipositor with subapical notch.

Diversity

1700 species in 61 genera.

References

Benoit, P.L.G. 1953. Nouveaux Ichneumonidae du Congo belge. Lambillionea. 53(9-10): 76-78.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1953. Ichneumonidae - Pimplinae du National Museum of southern Rhodesia. Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 89: 278-281.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1953. Notes Ichneumonologiques Africaines IV. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 47: 153-159.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1955. Contributions a l'étude des Ichneumonidae africains (Hymenoptera). I. Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge, Sciences Zoologiques 38: 1-55.

Cameron, P. 1912. On the Hymenoptera from Belgian Congo in the Congo Museum, Tervueren. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 56: 357-401.

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology. 1:247-258.

Kriechbaumer, J. 1894. Hymenoptera Ichneumonidae a medico nautico Dr. John Brauns in itinere secundo ad oras Africae lecta. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 39: 297-318.

Morley, C. 1913. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Hymenoptera, Vol.3. Ichneumonidae. London, British Museum. 531 pp.

Reynolds Berry T & van Noort S 2016. Review of Afrotropical Cryptopimpla Taschenberg (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Banchinae), with description of nine new species. ZooKeys 640: 103–137. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.640.10334

Reynolds Berry T, van Noort S. 2020. Revision of the endemic Afrotropical genus Tetractenion (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) with an identification key to genera of Banchinae for the region. ZooKeys 1007: 49-84. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1007.55543

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Seyrig, A. 1932. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. I Ichneumonidae Pimplinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache. Fascicule 11. 183pp.

Seyrig, A. 1934. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. II. Ichneumonidae Tryphoninae et supplément aux I. Pimplinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache, Tananarive 19: 1-111.

Seyrig, A. 1935. Mission scientifique de l'Omo. Tome III. Fascicule 18. Hymenoptera, II. Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae, Pimplinae, Tryphoninae et Ophioninae. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 4: 1-100.

Szépligeti, G. 1908. Hymenoptera: Braconidae & Ichneumonidae. In: Sjostedts Y. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den umgebenden Massaisteppen. pp 25-96.

Wesmael, C. 1845. Tentamen dispositionis methodicae. Ichneumonum Belgii. Nouveaux Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et Beaux-Arts de Belgique 18(1944): 1-239.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Map illustration © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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