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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Tryphoninae Shuckard, 1840


Boethus Förster, 1869

Ibornia Seyrig, 1935

Neliopisthus Thomson, 1883

Netelia Gray, 1860

Phytodietus Gravenhorst, 1829

Zambion Kasparyan, 1993


Worldwide, but with highest species richness in the Holarctic region.


Majority of species are ectoparasitoids of Symphyta larvae, but some (including the very speciose Netelia) are ectoparasitoids of Lepidoptera larvae. The eggs are attached to the host's cuticle by means of a plug or anchor.


1252 species in 59 genera (Bennett, 2015).


Clypeus convex and often large, separated from face by a groove, the apical margin with a fringe of long parallel setae. Fore wing with areolet usually closed. Metasomal tergite I with spiracle at or before middle. Metasoma usually dorso-ventrally depressed (but laterally compressed in Netelia). Ovipositor short, no longer than metasomal apical height, without dorsal subapical notch (Rousse & Villemant, 2012).


Bennett, A.M.R. & Barnes, D.I. 2011. Revision of the world species of Zambion (Hymenoptera,  Ichneumonidae, Tryphoninae). Zookeys 159: 19-48.

Bennett, AMR. 2015. Revision of the world genera of Tryphoninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). American Entomological Institute 86: 1–387.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1955. Contributions a l'etude de la faune entomologique de Ruanda-Urundi (Missions P. Basilewsky 1953). XXXVIII. Hymenoptera Ichneumonidae (Pars 1). Annales du Musée Royal du Congo Belge, Sciences Zoologiques 36: 329-346.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1959. Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae (Banchinae, Bassinae, Pimplinae and Tryphoninae). South African Animal Life 6: 441-482.

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1:247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Gravenhorst, J.L.C. 1829. Ichneumonologia Europaea. Pars II. Vratislaviae. 989 pp.

Kostro-Ambroziak, A. 2010. Phytodietus (Weisia) queenslandicus, a new species from Australia (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Annales Zoologici 60(4): 553–557.

Kostro-Ambroziak, A. 2011. Phytodietus (Weisia) pearlus sp. nov. from South Africa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 61(4): 803-805.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Seyrig, A. 1935. Mission scientifique de l'Omo. Tome III. Fascicule 18. Hymenoptera, II. Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae, Pimplinae, Tryphoninae et Ophioninae. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 4: 1-100.

Yu, D. S, van Achterberg, C. K. & K. Horstmann. 2011. World Ichneumonidae 2004. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution. CD/DVD. Taxapad, Vancouver, Canada. www.taxapad.com


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Andrew Bennett & Diana Barnes (Zambion).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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