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Classification

Tryphoninae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Tryphoninae Shuckard, 1840

 

Boethus Förster, 1869

 

Ibornia Seyrig, 1935

 

Neliopisthus Thomson, 1883

Netelia Gray, 1860

Phytodietus Gravenhorst, 1829

Zambion Kasparyan, 1993

Distribution

Worldwide, but with highest species richness in the Holarctic region.

Biology

Majority of species are ectoparasitoids of Symphyta larvae, but some (including the very speciose Netelia) are ectoparasitoids of Lepidoptera larvae. The eggs are attached to the host's cuticle by means of a plug or anchor.

Diversity

About 1210 species in 59 genera.

Diagnosis

Clypeus convex and often large, separated from face by a groove, the apical margin with a fringe of long parallel setae. Fore wing with areolet usually closed. Metasomal tergite I with spiracle at or before middle. Metasoma usually dorso-ventrally depressed (but laterally compressed in Netelia). Ovipositor short, no longer than metasomal apical height, without dorsal subapical notch (Rousse & Villemant, 2012).

References

Bennett, A.M.R. & Barnes, D.I. 2011. Revision of the world species of Zambion (Hymenoptera,  Ichneumonidae, Tryphoninae). Zookeys 159: 19-48.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1959. Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae (Banchinae, Bassinae, Pimplinae and Tryphoninae). South African Animal Life 6: 441-482.

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1:247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Gravenhorst, J.L.C. 1829. Ichneumonologia Europaea. Pars II. Vratislaviae. 989 pp.

Kostro-Ambroziak, A. 2010. Phytodietus (Weisia) queenslandicus, a new species from Australia (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Annales Zoologici 60(4): 553–557.

Kostro-Ambroziak, A. 2011. Phytodietus (Weisia) pearlus sp. nov. from South Africa (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 61(4): 803-805.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Yu, D. S, van Achterberg, C. K. & K. Horstmann. 2011. World Ichneumonidae 2004. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution. CD/DVD. Taxapad, Vancouver, Canada. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums) or © Andrew Bennett & Diana Barnes (Zambion).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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