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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Campopleginae Förster 1869. Type species: Campoplex Gravenhorst, 1829.


Allotheca Cameron, 1906


Campoletis Förster, 1869


Campoplex Gravenhorst, 1829


Casinaria Holmgren, 1859


Charops Holmgren, 1859

Diadegma Förster, 1869

Dusona Cameron, 1901

Enytus Cameron, 1905

Eriborus_ pomonellae_HOLOTYPE

Eriborus Förster, 1869

Hyposoter Förster, 1869


Leptoperilissus Schmiedeknecht, 1913

Meloboris Holmgren, 1859


Sinophorus Förster, 1869


Venturia Schrottky, 1902


Xanthocampoplex Morley, 1913



Biology Usually koinobiont endoparasitoids of Lepidoptera or Symphyta larvae. Some parasitize Coleoptera and a few parasitize Neuroptera (Raphidiidae).
Diagnosis Clypeus usually not separated from face by groove, mandible often with a ventral flange. Ventro-posterior corner of propleuron with a strongly produced lobe touching or overlapping pronotum. Propodeum with distinct transverse and longitudinal carinae. Metasomal tergite I usually long and slender, with spiracle near apex. Ovipositor almost always with subapical notch. Predominant color black or black and reddish-orange.
Diversity More than 2100 species in 70 genera, many of which are poorly defined and are therefore difficult to identify (Rousse & Villemant, 2012).


Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25(1868): 135-221.  

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1: 247-258.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or by Agničle Touret-Alby © MNHN (specimens database http://coldb.mnhn.fr).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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