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Classification

Campopleginae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Campopleginae Förster 1869. Type species: Campoplex Gravenhorst, 1829.

Allotheca_annulipes_HOLOTYPE

Allotheca Cameron, 1906

Campoletis_pedunculata_HOLOTYPE

Campoletis Förster, 1869

Campoplex_costulatus_HOLOTYPE

Campoplex Gravenhorst, 1829

Casinaria_granulicoxis_HOLOTYPE

Casinaria Holmgren, 1859

Charops_breviceps_HOLOTYPE

Charops Holmgren, 1859

Diadegma Förster, 1869

Dusona Cameron, 1901

Enytus Cameron, 1905

Eriborus_ pomonellae_HOLOTYPE

Eriborus Förster, 1869

Hyposoter Förster, 1869

 

Leptoperilissus Schmiedeknecht, 1913

Meloboris Holmgren, 1859

 

Sinophorus Förster, 1869

Venturia_peringueyi_HOLOTYPE

Venturia Schrottky, 1902

Xanthocampoplex_oneili_HOLOTYPE

Xanthocampoplex Morley, 1913

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Usually koinobiont endoparasitoids of Lepidoptera or Symphyta larvae. Some parasitize Coleoptera and a few parasitize Neuroptera (Raphidiidae).
Diagnosis Clypeus usually not separated from face by groove, mandible often with a ventral flange. Ventro-posterior corner of propleuron with a strongly produced lobe touching or overlapping pronotum. Propodeum with distinct transverse and longitudinal carinae. Metasomal tergite I usually long and slender, with spiracle near apex. Ovipositor almost always with subapical notch. Predominant color black or black and reddish-orange.
Diversity More than 2100 species in 70 genera, many of which are poorly defined and are therefore difficult to identify (Rousse & Villemant, 2012).

References

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25(1868): 135-221.  

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1: 247-258.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums) or by Agničle Touret-Alby © MNHN (specimens database http://coldb.mnhn.fr).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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