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Classification

Xoridinae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Xoridinae Shuckard, 1840

Xorides Latreille, 1809

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Parasitoids of wood-borers: Anobiidae, Bostrichidae, Cerambycidae, Curculionidae, Elateridae, Melandryidae (Coleoptera); Lymantriidae, Sesiidae (Lepidoptera) and Cephidae, Siricidae, Xiphydriidae (Hymenoptera).

References

Benoit, P.L.G. 1952. Sur des Xoridini de l'Afrique Noire (Ichneumonidae - Pimplinae). Bulletin et Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 88: 128-137.

Cameron, P. 1906. Descriptions of new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly in the collection of the South African Museum, Cape Town. Annals of the South African Museum 5: 17-186.

Enderlein, G. 1914. Hymenoptera IV: Ichneumonidae pp.211-233. In: Michaelsen W. "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Land-und Süsswasserfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Band 1." Hamburg. 452 pp.

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1:247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Latreille, P.A. 1809. Genera Crustaceorum et Insectorum secundum ordinem naturalem in familias disposita iconibus exemplisque plurimis explicata. Tomus Quartus. Parisiis & Argentorati. 399 pp. 

Morley, C. 1916. On some South African Ichneumonidae in the collection of the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 15: 353-400.

Seyrig, A. 1932. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar I. Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache 11: 1–183.

Szépligeti, G. 1914. Ichneumoniden aus der Sammlung des ungarischen National-Museums. Annales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 12: 414-434.

Tosquinet, J. 1896. Contributions à la faune entomologique de l'Afrique. Ichneumonides. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 5: 1-430.

Townes, H.K. & Townes, M. 1973. A catalogue and reclassification of the Ethiopian Ichneumonidae. Errata for 1944-1945 Nearctic catalogue, 1965 eastern Palearctc catalogue and 1966 Neotropic catalogue. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 19: 1-416.
Yu, D.S. & Horstmann, K. 1997. A catalogue of world Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 58:  1-1558.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae