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ClassificationIdentification keys

Rhyssinae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Rhyssinae Morley, 1913

Epirhyssa Cresson, 1865

Megarhyssa Ashmead, 1900

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Parastoids of wood-boring coleopteran or symphytan larvae (Yu et al. 2011), or develop as facultative hyperparasitoids of other Symphyta parasitoids (Hanson 1939).

References

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1:247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Hanson H.S. 1939. Ecological notes on the Sirex wood wasps and their parasites. Bulletin of Entomological Research 30: 27–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300004399

Hopkins T, Roininen H, Sääksjärvi IE. 2019. Extensive sampling reveals the phenology and habitat use of Afrotropical parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Rhyssinae). Royal Society Open Science 6: 190913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190913

Hopkins T, Roininen H, van Noort S, Broad GR, Kaunisto K, Sääksjärvi IE. 2019. Extensive sampling and thorough taxonomic assessment of Afrotropical Rhyssinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) reveals two new species and demonstrates the limitations of previous sampling efforts. ZooKeys 878: 33-71. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.878.37845

Morley, C. 1913. A revision of the Ichneumonidae based on the collection in the British Museum (Natural History) with descriptions of new genera and species. Part II. Tribes Rhyssides, Echthromorphides, Anomalides and Paniscides. London, British Museum. 140pp.

Rousse P. & van Noort S. 2014. A review of the Afrotropical Rhyssinae (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera) with descriptions of five new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 91: 1-42.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2014.91

Varga, O. 2020. First record of Epirhyssa Cresson, 1865 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Rhyssinae) from Kenya. Zootaxa 4852: 590–593. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4852.5.9

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort or Pascal Rousse (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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