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ClassificationIdentification keys

Ichneumoninae

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Ichneumoninae Latreille 1802. Type genus: Ichneumon Fitton & Gauld 1976.

Acanthobenyllus_spinifer_HOLOTYPE

Acanthobenyllus Heinrich, 1938

 

Aculichneumon Heinrich, 1938

 

Adelotropis Waterston, 1922

Aethecerus Wesmael, 1845

 

Aethiamblys Heinrich, 1967

 

Aethianoplis Heinrich, 1968

 

Aethioplites Heinrich, 1938

 

Aethioplitops Heinrich, 1968

Afrectopius_empeyi _HOLOTYPE

Afrectopius Heinrich, 1936

Afrobystra Heinrich, 1968

Afrocoelichneumon_natalensis_HOLOTYPE

Afrocoelichneumon Heinrich, 1938

 

Afrolongichneumon Heinrich, 1968

Afromelanichneumon Heinrich, 1968

Afromevesia_quadrata_HOLOTYPE

Afromevesia Roman, 1924

Afrotrogus Heinrich, 1938

 

Allonotus Heinrich, 1938

 

Apatetor Saussure, 1892

 

Apatetorides Heinrich, 1938

Arearia Seyrig, 1952

 

Calleupalamus Heinrich, 1938

 

Ceratojoppa Heinrich, 1967

 

Chasmopygium Heinrich, 1967

Chauvinia Heinrich, 1938

 

Coelapatetor Heinrich, 1967

 

Coeloleptops Heinrich, 1967

Compsophorus_pilosus_HOLOTYPE

Compsophorus Kriechbaumer, 1898

Conopyge_tibialis_PARATYPE

Conopyge Kriechbaumer, 1898

Corymbichneumon_convexius_HOLOTYPE

Corymbichneumon Morley, 1919

 

Cratichneumon Thomson, 1893

 

Cryptoplites Heinrich, 1938

Crytea_varicornis_HOLOTYPE

Crytea Cameron, 1906

 

Ctenichneumonops Heinrich, 1967

 

Ctenocalops Heinrich, 1967

Ctenocalus_cephalotus_HOLOTYPE

Ctenocalus Szépligeti, 1908

Ctenochares_rufithorax_HOLOTYPE

Ctenochares Förster, 1869

 

Dentichasmias Heinrich, 1968

 

Dentichasmiops Heinrich, 1968

 

Denticrytea Heinrich, 1968

 

Depressopyga Heinrich, 1968

 

Deuterotypus Wesmael, 1845

Diadromus Wesmael, 1845

Dicaelotus Kriechbaumer, 1890

Diphyus_lalandei_HOLOTYPE

Diphyus Kriechbaumer, 1890

 

Evirchomella Heinrich, 1968

Foveosculum_foveatum_HOLOTYPE

Foveosculum Heinrich, 1938

Genaemirum Heinrich, 1936

 

Gibbobystra Heinrich, 1968

 

Gibbosoplites Heinrich, 1968

Hemibystra_erythrocephala_HOLOTYPE

Hemibystra Heinrich, 1968

 

Hemibystrops Heinrich, 1967

Hemiphaisura_thyridiens_HOLOTYPE

Hemiphaisura Heinrich, 1967

Heterischnus Wesmael, 1859

 

Hiorada Cameron, 1902

 

Holcichneumon Cameron, 1911

Hoplophaeogenes Heinrich, 1938

Ichneumon Linnaeus, 1758

Imeria Cameron, 1903

Ischnojoppa_melanopyga_HOLOTYPE

Ischnojoppa Kriechbaumer, 1898

 

Jacotitypus Heinrich, 1967

Joppa_hypoxantha_HOLOTYPE

Joppa Fabricius, 1804

Kibalus Rousse, van Noort & Diller, 2013

 

Larischia Heinrich, 1968

Leptophatnus_lucifer_HOLOTYPE

Leptophatnus Cameron, 1906

 

Leptops Heinrich, 1968

Leptotogea_pulchella_HOLOTYPE

Leptotogea Heinrich, 1968

 

Liojoppa Szépligeti, 1908

 

Liojoppites Heinrich, 1967

 

Lissolongichneumon Heinrich, 1968

Lissosculpta_tangana_HOLOTYPE

Lissosculpta Heinrich, 1934

 

Losgna Cameron, 1903

Lusius Tosquinet, 1903

Macrojoppa_confusa_PARATYPE

Macrojoppa Kriechbaumer, 1898

Madagasgavrana Heinrich, 1938

 

Madagasichneumon Heinrich, 1938

 

Magwengiella Heinrich, 1938

 

Microlongichneumon Heinrich, 1968

 

Monodontichneumon Heinrich, 1968

 

Naenarosculum Heinrich, 1967

 

Neeurylabia Heinrich, 1967

Neotypus_semirufus_HOLOTYPE

Neotypus Förster, 1869

 

Oriphatnus Heinrich, 1967

 

Parvaoplus Heinrich, 1968

 

Pepsijoppa Heinrich, 1936

Phaisura_fumatipennis_HOLOTYPE

Phaisura Cameron, 1906

Phaisurella Heinrich, 1938

 

Phaisurellops Heinrich, 1967

Platylabus Wesmael, 1845

Procerochasmias_nigromaculatus_HOLOTYPE

Procerochasmias Heinrich, 1938

 

Protoleptops Heinrich, 1967

 

Pseudevirchoma Heinrich, 1968

 

Pseudischnojoppa Heinrich, 1967

Pseudocillimus_rubrithorax_HOLOTYPE

Pseudocillimus Roman, 1910

 

Pseudocoelichneumon Heinrich, 1967

 

Pseudoplatylabops Heinrich, 1967

 

Pseudotogea Heinrich, 1968

 

Punctileptops Heinrich, 1968

 

Pyramidamblys Heinrich, 1967

 

Rhadinodonta Szépligeti, 1908

 

Rhadinodontoplisus Heinrich, 1938

Rhadinodontops_townesi_ALLOTYPE

Rhadinodontops Heinrich, 1968

Rugosculpta_albooratus_HOLOTYPE

Rugosculpta Heinrich, 1967

 

Semitogea Heinrich, 1968

 

Serratosculum Heinrich, 1968

 

Setantops Heinrich, 1938

 

Seyrighoplites Heinrich, 1938

 

Seyrigichneumon Heinrich, 1938

 

Seyrigiella Heinrich, 1938

 

Solitosculum Heinrich, 1967

Spanophatnus_melanomotus_HOLOTYPE

Spanophatnus Cameron, 1905

Spilothyrateles_tibialis_HOLOTYPE

Spilothyrateles Heinrich, 1967

 

Spinallonotus Heinrich, 1967

 

Spinamblys Heinrich, 1968

 

Spinellamblys Heinrich, 1968

 

Stenaoplus Heinrich, 1938

 

Stenapatetor Heinrich, 1938

 

Stenarchops Heinrich, 1967

 

Stenobenyllus Heinrich, 1938

Stenolonche_varicolor_HOLOTYPE

Stenolonche Kriechbaumer, 1898

Tetragonochora_metzii_HOLOTYPE

Tetragonochora Kriechbaumer, 1898

 

Thaumatocephalus Heinrich, 1930

 

Thaumatoplites Heinrich, 1968

 

Thaumatoplitops Heinrich, 1968

 

Thyridoplites Heinrich, 1968

 

Torquaoplus Heinrich, 1968

Tricyphus_apicalis_PARATYPE

Tricyphus Kriechbaumer, 1898

Tycherus Förster, 1869

Vulgichneumon Heinrich, 1961

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Endoparasitoids of Lepidoptera larvae (koinobionts) or pupae (idiobionts).

Diagnosis

Clypeus usually wide and flat separated from face by a groove, its apical margin widely truncate. Mandible long and slender with lower tooth (when present) usually much reduced. Sternaulus of mesopleuron usually short or absent. Postpectal carina incomplete. Fore wing with areolet almost always closed. Hind wing with vein M+Cu almost always straight. Metasomal tergite I basally slender, apically wider, without glymma and with spiracles near apex. Tergite II usually with deep gastroceoeli. Metasoma dorso-ventrally depressed. Ovipositor short, without dorsal subapical notch. Strong sexual dimorphism.

Diversity

4300 species in 438 genera.

References

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology. 1:247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Gravenhorst, J.L.C. 1829. Ichneumonologia Europaea. Pars I. Vratislaviae. 827 pp.

Heinrich, G. 1938. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. 3. Ichneumonidae Ichneumoninae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache 25: 1 - 139.

Heinrich, G. 1967. Synopsis and reclassification of the Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae of Africa south of the Sahara (Hymenoptera). Volume I. Introduction: Key to Tribes and Subtribes of Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae; Synopsis of the Protichneumonini, Ceratojoppini, Ischnojoppini, Trogini. Farmington State College Press, Altötting, Germany, 1-250 pp.

Heinrich, G. 1967. Synopsis and reclassification of the Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae of Africa south of the Sahara (Hymenoptera). Volume II. Synopsis of the Oedicephalini, Listrodromini, Compsophorini, Ctenocalini, Platylabini, Eurylabini, Acanthojoppini. Farmington State College Press, Altötting, Germany, 251-480 pp.

Heinrich, G. 1967. Synopsis and reclassification of the Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae of Africa south of the Sahara (Hymenoptera). Volume III. Synopsis of the Ichneumonini: subtribes Ichneumonina and Amblytelina. Farmington State College Press, Altötting, Germany, 481-692 pp.

Heinrich, G. 1968. Synopsis and reclassification of the Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae of Africa south of the Sahara (Hymenoptera). Volume IV. Synopsis of the Ichneumonini: subtribes Aethioplitina and Cratichneumonina (in part). Farmington State College Press, Altötting, Germany, 693-942 pp.

Heinrich, G. 1968. Synopsis and reclassification of the Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae of Africa south of the Sahara (Hymenoptera). Volume Volume V. Synopsis of the Ichneumonini: Subtribe Cratichneumonina, Addenda and Index. Farmington State College Press, Altötting, Germany, 943-1258 pp.

Latreille, P.A. 1802. Histoire naturelle, générale et particuličre, des Crustacés et des Insectes. Tome troisičme. Paris. 468 pp. (Ichneumonidae pp. 318-327)

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Rousse P, van Noort S & Diller E. 2013. Revision of the Afrotropical Phaeogenini (Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae), with description of a new genus and twelve new species. Zookeys 354: 1-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.354.5968.

Rousse P, Broad GR & van Noort S. 2016. Review of the genus Genaemirum Heinrich (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae) with interactive identification keys to species. ZooKeys 636: 77-105. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.636.10216

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort or Pascal Rousse (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

 


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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