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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Sisyrostolinae Seyrig, 1932. Type genus: Sisyrostolus Kriechbaumer, 1895.

Brachyscleromatinae Townes, 1961.

Brachyscleroma Cushman, 1940

Erythrodolius Seyrig, 1932

Icariomimus Seyrig, 1932

Melanodolius Saussure, 1892


Afrotropical, Holarctic, Neotropical & Oriental regions.


Poorly known: the only known host record for the subfamily is for a species of Brachyscleroma reared from Apoderus quadripunctatus (Gyllenhal) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (Cushman 1940).


Based on a combined molecular and morphological phylogenetic analysis the subfamily Brachyscleromatinae Townes, 1961 was resurrected to accommodate Brachyscleroma, Erythrodolius and related genera previously placed in the Phrudinae (Quicke et al. 2009).  Sisyrostolinae Seyrig, 1932, based on Sisyrostolus Kriechbaumer, 1895, a junior synonym of Melanodolius Saussure, 1892,  has priority as the family group name over Brachyscleromatinae (Bennett et al. 2013).


Bennett, A.M.R., Sääksjärvi, I.E. and Broad, G.R.  2013Revision of the New World species of Erythrodolius (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Sisyrostolinae), with a key to the world species. Zootaxa 3702 (5): 425–436. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3702.5.2

Cushman, R.A. 1940. New genera and species of Ichneumon-flies with taxonomic notes. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 88: 355–372. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.88-3083.355

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1: 247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Kriechbaumer, J. 1895. Hymenoptera nova exotica Ichneumonidae e collectione Dr. Rich. Kriegeri. Sitzungsberichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Leipzig 1893/4: 124–136.

Quicke, D.L.J., Laurenne, N.M., Fitton, M.G. & Broad, G.R. 2009. A thousand and one wasps: a 28S rDNA and morphological phylogeny of the Ichneumonidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) with an investigation into alignment parameter space and elision. Journal of Natural History 43: 1305–1421. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930902807783

Seyrig, A. 1932. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar I. Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache, 11: 1–183.

Saussure, H. de 1892. Hymenoptères. In: Grandidier A. Histoire physique naturelle et politique de Madagascar. 20. À L’Imprimerie Nationale, Paris. 590 pp.

Townes, H.K. and Townes, M. 1949. A revision of the genera and of the American species of Tryphoninae Part I. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 42: 321-395.

Townes, H.K., Townes, M. & Gupta, V.K. 1961. A catalogue and reclassification of the Indo-Australian Ichneumonidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 1: 1–522.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Sisyrostolinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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