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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Pimplinae Wesmael, 1845.

Acropimpla Townes, 1960

Afrephialtes Benoit, 1953

Afroanomalia Varga, 2018

Brachyzapus Gauld & Dubois, 2006

Camptotypus Kriechbaumer, 1889


Clistopyga Gravenhorst, 1829

Echthromorpha Holmgren, 1868

Eruga Townes, 1960

Exeristes Förster, 1869

Itoplectis Förster, 1869

Neotheronia Krieger, 1899


Pimpla Fabricius, 1804

Pimplaetus Seyrig, 1932


Pterinopus Townes, 1969

Schizopyga Gravenhorst, 1829


Sericopimpla Kriechbaumer, 1895

Theronia Holmgren, 1859


Tromatobia Förster, 1869


Xanthephialtes Cameron, 1906


Xanthophenax Saussure, 1892


Xanthopimpla Saussure, 1892

Zaglyptus Förster, 1869

Zatypota Förster, 1869




Most are Idiobiont ectoparasitoids of pupae or larvae of Holometabola insects. Hosts are killed or paralyzed by venom injected during oviposition. A few Pimplinae parasitize adult spiders and egg sacs (Araneae).


Clypeus separated from face by a groove, usually with apical half thin and apical margin notched, giving a bilobed appearance. Propodeum often with carina reduced, with few or no area defined. Metasomal tergite I usually short and wide, with glymma, spiracle at middle. Ovipositor without dorsal notch.


About 1540 species in 75 genera.


Benoit, P.L.G. 1952. Notes Ichneumonologiques Africaines II. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 46: 51-59.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1953. Sur des Polysphinctini du Congo belge (Ichneum. - Pimpl.). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 47: 137-141.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1953. Nouveaux Ichneumonidae du Congo belge. Lambillionea 53(9-10): 76-78.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Ichneumonidae nouveaux ou interessants de l'Afrique du Sud. Annals of the South African Museum 43: 123-135.

Broad GR. 2021. Taxonomic changes in Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera), and notes on certain type specimens. Zootaxa 4941: 511–541. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4941.4.3

Fitton, M.G. and Gauld, I.D. 1976. The family-group names of the Ichneumonidae (excluding Ichneumoninae) (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 1: 247-258.

Förster, A. 1869. Synopsis der Familien und Gattungen der Ichneumonen. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 25: 135-221.

Gauld, I & Dubois, J 2006. Phylogeny of the Polysphincta group of genera (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae; Pimplinae): A taxonomic revision of spider ectoparasitoids. Systematic Entomology. 31. 529 - 564. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00334.x

Holmgren, A.E. 1856. Entomologiska anteckningar under en resa i södra Sverige ar 1854. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 75(1854):1-104.

Kriechbaumer, J. 1894. Hymenoptera Ichneumonidea a medico nautico Dr. Joh. Brauns in itinere ad oras Africae occidentalis lecta. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 39: 43-68.

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Seyrig, A. 1932. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. I Ichneumonidae Pimplinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache. Fascicule 11. 183pp.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Wesmael, C. 1845. Tentamen dispositionis methodicae. Ichneumonum Belgii. Nouveaux Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et Beaux-Arts de Belgique18:1-239.


Photographs © Simon van Noort or Aisha Mayekiso (Iziko Museums) or by Agničle Touret-Alby © MNHN (specimens database http://coldb.mnhn.fr) or © Oleksandr Varga (Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, NAS of Ukraine).

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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