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of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae; Subfamily: Cryptinae)

Cryptinae Kirby, 1837. Type genus: Cryptus Fabricius, 1804.

Afretha Seyrig, 1952

Allophatnus Cameron, 1905

Anepomias Seyrig, 1952


Bozakites Seyrig, 1952

Ceratocryptus Cameron, 1903

Ceratodolius Seyrig, 1952


Ceratophenax Seyrig, 1952


Ceratocryptus Cameron, 1903

Ceratodolius Seyrig, 1952


Ceratophenax Seyrig, 1952


Coccygodes Saussure, 1892


Costifrons Townes, 1970

Cryptus Fabricius, 1804


Cyanodolius Seyrig, 1952


Cyanopelor Townes, 1973


Eurycryptus Cameron, 1901

Fitatsia Seyrig, 1952


Fotsiforia Seyrig, 1952


Gabunia Kriechbaumer, 1895

Gambroides Betrem, 1941

Gambrus Förster, 1869


Gerdius Townes, 1970


Gessia Townes, 1973


Goryphus Holmgren, 1868


Gotra Seyrig, 1952


Hemisphragia Seyrig, 1952


Hoeocryptus Habermehl, 1902


Ischnus Gravenhorst, 1829


Larpelites Cameron, 1904


Lavinifia Seyrig, 1952

Listrognathus Tschek, 1871


Madastenus Seyrig, 1952


Menaforia Seyrig, 1952


Mesophragis Seyrig, 1952


Necolio Cheesman, 1936


Nematocryptus Roman, 1910

Odontocryptus Saussure, 1892


Osprynchotus Spinola, 1841


Owenus Townes, 1970


Piambia Seyrig, 1952

Piasites Seyrig, 1952


Picardiella Lichtenstein, 1920


Pterocryptus Szépligeti, 1916

Rambites Seyrig, 1952


Rhynchocryptus Cameron, 1905


Savolia Seyrig, 1952


Schreineria Morley, 1926

Skeatia Seyrig, 1952


Spathacantha Townes, 1970


Sphecoctonus Seyrig, 1952


Stenarella Szépligeti, 1916


Synechocryptus Schmiedeknecht, 1904


Tanyloncha Townes, 1970

Tolonus Seyrig, 1952


Trafana Seyrig, 1952


Tricapus Townes, 1970


Tsirambia Seyrig, 1952


Zonocryptus Ashmead, 1900



Biology Most are idiobiont ectoparasitoid of Holometabola pupae or prepupae. Some species are koinobiont or endoparasitoids, and some species parasitize the egg masses of Araneae and Pseudoscorpionida.

Head in front view globose to triangular, eyes often 0.7–0.8× as high as head. Flagellum elongate, first segment usually over 4.0 as long as wide (except 3.0 in Bicryptella Townes). Dorsal margin of metanotum without triangular projection opposite to anterior end of sublateral longitudinal carina, sometimes with a triangular projection ventrad to the dorsal margin. Fourth tarsomere usually distinctly bilobed, especially in larger species. Propodeum nearly always without longitudinal carinae posteriorly to anterior transverse carina. Areolet variously shaped, crossvein 3r-m absent or present. Hindwing vein Cua usually less than 2.0 as long as crossvein cu-a; vein Cub often apically convex, sometimes straight or concave (Santos, 2017).


Broad GR. 2021. Taxonomic changes in Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera), and notes on certain type specimens. Zootaxa 4941: 511–541. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4941.4.3

Cameron, P. 1904. Descriptions of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Dunbrody, Cape Colony. Records of the Albany Museum 1: 125-160.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1994. Opinion 1757. Cryptus Fabricius, 1804 and Cryptinae Kirby, 1837 (Insecta, Hymenoptera) conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(1):74-75. 

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Santos BF. 2017. Phylogeny and reclassification of Cryptini (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with implications for ichneumonid higher-level classification. Systematic Entomology. doi:10.1111/syen.12238

Seyrig, A. 1952. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. IV Ichneumonidae Cryptinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache. Fascicule XIX. 213 pp.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or © Gavin Broad (NHMUK). Banner image © Vida van der Walt.

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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