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Identification keys

Ophioninae

Classification and checklist of Afrotropical ophionine wasps

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae; Subfamily: Ophioninae)

  • Subfamily: Ophioninae

    • Tribe: Enicospilini

      • Genus Dicamptus Szépligeti, 1905

        • Dicamptus banqui Delobel, 1976 (Central African Republic)

        • Dicamptus bantu Delobel, 1976 (Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Uganda)

        • Dicamptus betsileo Delobel, 1976 (Madagascar)

        • Dicamptus braunsii (Kriechbaumer, 1894) (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

        • Dicamptus crassellus (Morley, 1917) (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa)

        • Dicamptus kelnerae Delobel, 1976 (Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Tanzania)

        • Dicamptus maxipol Rousse & van Noort, 2014 (South Africa)

        • Dicamptus neavei Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Uganda)

        • Dicamptus pellucidus (Kriechbaumer, 1894) (Cameroon, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Dicamptus pulchellus (Morley, 1912) (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Dicamptus seyrigi Delobel, 1976 (Madagascar)

        • Dicamptus tampus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Dicamptus townesi Delobel, 1976 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Dicamptus xhosa Delobel, 1976 (South Africa)

      • Genus Enicospilus Stephens, 1835

        • Enicospilus abessyniensis (Szépligeti, 1907) (Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Madagascar, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus addendus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Kenya, South Africa)

        • Enicospilus agrophus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa)

        • Enicospilus akainus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus albiger (Kriechbaumer, 1894) (Democratic Republic of Congo, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania)

        • Enicospilus amarus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus amygdalis Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus anaxeus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Uganda)

        • Enicospilus angustatus (Brullé, 1846) (Madagascar, Mauritius)

        • Enicospilus antefurcalis (Szépligeti, 1908) (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus antimena (Saussure, 1892) (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus apicalis (Szépligeti, 1908) (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus arabicus Gadallah & Soliman, 2017 (Saudi Arabia)

        • Enicospilus arduus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Uganda)

        • Enicospilus babaulti (Seyrig, 1935) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus bajulus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus bantu (Schulz, 1906) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus batus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus bebelus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus belosus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus betanimenus (Saussure, 1892) (Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Réunion, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus bicoloratus Cameron, 1912 (Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus biimpressus (Brullé, 1846) (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus bipartitus (Tosquinet, 1896) (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus bonaberiensis Strand, 1917 (Cameroon)

        • Enicospilus braunsii (Kriechbaumer, 1901) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus brevicornis (Masi, 1939) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen. Also Palaearctic region: Egypt)

        • Enicospilus camboui Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus camerunensis (Enderlein, 1921) (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus capensis (Thunberg, 1822) (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mauritius, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe. Also Australasian, Oriental, Palaearctic regions)

        • Enicospilus cariosus (Enderlein, 1921) (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus cednus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Uganda)

        • Enicospilus cittus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus cohacarus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus communis (Szépligeti, 1906) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus congoensis (Cameron, 1912) (Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus corrugans (Enderlein, 1921) (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus cubitalis (Szépligeti, 1906) (Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus damius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus daulus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Uganda)

        • Enicospilus decaryi Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus diabolicus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus diro Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus divisus (Seyrig, 1935) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus dolosus (Tosquinet, 1896) (Afrotropical: Angola, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire; Australasian, Oriental)

        • Enicospilus drakensbergi Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus drasmosus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Ghana, Sierra Leone, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus drymosus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Tanzania)

        • Enicospilus dubius (Tosquinet, 1896) (Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Reunion, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus eirmosus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus emcedius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus equatus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Madagascar, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus evanescens Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus expeditus (Tosquinet, 1896) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Togo, Uganda, Yemen)

        • Enicospilus famantrus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus fananus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus fatalis Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus fenestralis (Szépligeti, 1906) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia)

        • Enicospilus fetus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus finalis Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Angola, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus furius Seyrig, 1935 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus gauldetmitchellorum Rousse & van Noort, 2014 (Tanzania)

        • Enicospilus glyphanosus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus gonidius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus grandiflavus Townes & Townes, 1973 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Reunion, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus hecastus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus helvolus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Ivory Coast, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia)

        • Enicospilus henryi Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus herero (Enderlein, 1914) (Kenya, Madagascar, Namibia, South Africa)

        • Enicospilus hoplus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa, Tanzania)

        • Enicospilus hova Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar, Mauritius)

        • Enicospilus hyailosus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus icterus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus indovus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus inflexocarinatus (Enderlein, 1921) (Cameroon, Ivory Coast)

        • Enicospilus janakus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus junctus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus justus (Seyrig, 1935) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen)

        • Enicospilus kadiosus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus krossus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Nigeria, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus ktesus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus lanafius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus lancasteri Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus laqueatus (Enderlein, 1921) (China, India, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Zambia)

        • Enicospilus latus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Angola)

        • Enicospilus leionotus (Tosquinet, 1896) (Ghana, Madagascar, South Africa, Togo)

        • Enicospilus leucocotis (Tosquinet, 1896) (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus lictus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus luebberti (Enderlein, 1914) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus mahalonius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus mamatsus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus marjorieae Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus mauritii (Saussure, 1892) (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Zambia)

        • Enicospilus microspilus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus mirabilis Soliman & Gadallah, 2017 (Saudi Arabia)

        • Enicospilus mnous Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Kenya, Madagascar, Namibia)

        • Enicospilus natalensis (Kriechbaumer, 1894) (Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania)

        • Enicospilus nefarius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Zambia)

        • Enicospilus nervellator Aubert, 1966 (Algeria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia)

        • Enicospilus nesius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar, South Africa, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus nops Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia)

        • Enicospilus nubeculatus Seyrig, 1935 (Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus nugalis (Schulz, 1906) (Angola, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus oculator Seyrig, 1935 (Kenya, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus odax Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Saudi Arabia, Yemen)

        • Enicospilus oswaldi (Saussure, 1892) (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus ovius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Tanzania)

        • Enicospilus oweni Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Yemen)

        • Enicospilus pacificus (Holmgren, 1868) (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen)

        • Enicospilus pallidus (Taschenberg, 1875) (Burkina Faso, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Namibia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda. Also Oriental region: Pakistan)

        • Enicospilus perlatus Shestakov, 1926 (Palaearctic: Afghanistan, Canary Islands, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Turkmenistan)

        • Enicospilus pescator (Seyrig, 1935) (Kenya)

        • Enicospilus plagiatus (Saussure, 1892) (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus pluvius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus polemus Gauld, 1982 (Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus polyspilus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Uganda)

        • Enicospilus pressuratus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus prolixus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus prospiracularis Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus psammus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Saudi Arabia, Sudan)

        • Enicospilus pseudoculator Gadallah & Soliman, 2017 (Saudi Arabia)

        • Enicospilus pseudonugalis Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Nigeria, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus punctipinnis (Saussure, 1892) (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus quietus (Seyrig, 1935) (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa)

        • Enicospilus recavus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus rehanarius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus repentinus (Holmgren, 1860) (Afrotropical: Malawi, Palaearctic)

        • Enicospilus reti Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus retsifoius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus riukiuensis (Matsumura,Uchida, 1926) (Brunei, China, India, Japan, Madagascar, Malaysia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea)

        • Enicospilus rubens (Tosquinet, 1896) (Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus rufus (Brullé, 1846) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Nigeria, Réunion, Rodriques Island, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania)

        • Enicospilus ruidus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus rundiensis Bischoff, 1915 (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Namibia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Tanzania, Yemen, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus ruscus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mauritius, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus ruwenzorius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Uganda)

        • Enicospilus seminiger (Szépligeti, 1906) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, South Africa, Togo, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus senescens (Tosquinet, 1896) (Angola, Benin, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus sesamiae Delobel, 1974 (Ghana, Madagascar, Mauritius, Nigeria, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus seyrigi Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus shadaensis Gadallah & Soliman, 2017 (Saudi Arabia)

        • Enicospilus simandrius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Madagascar, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus sliochus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus sphenus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus splendidus Rousse, Soliman & Gadallah, 2017 (Saudi Arabia)

        • Enicospilus streblus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus talaorus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus taxus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Cameroon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, South Africa, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus transvaalensis Cameron, 1911 (Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus trilineatus (Brullé, 1846) (Nearctic, Neotropical)

        • Enicospilus umbratus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus unidens Seyrig, 1935 (Kenya, South Africa)

        • Enicospilus vatius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (South Africa)

        • Enicospilus vitry Rousse & Villemant, 2012 (Reunion)

        • Enicospilus volitius Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus vorax Seyrig, 1935 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

        • Enicospilus vorikus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

        • Enicospilus watshami Gauld, 1982 (Zambia, Zimbabwe)

        • Enicospilus xandarus Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 (Madagascar)

      • Genus Laticoleus Townes, 1973

    • Tribe: Ophionini

    • Tribe: Thyreodonini

    • Tribe: Incertae sedis

References

Gadallah N.S., Soliman A.M., Rousse P. & Al Dhafer H.M. 2017. The genus Enicospilus Stephens, 1835 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ophioninae) in Saudi Arabia, with twelve new species records and the description of five new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 365: 1–69. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.365

Gauld, I.D. & Mitchell, P.A. 1978. The taxonomy, distribution and host preferences of African parasitic wasps of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, Slough, England, 287 pp.

Gauld, I.D. 1982. A revised key of the Enicospilus antefurcalis (Szépligeti) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) species group of the Afrotropical region. Bulletin of Entomological Research 72: 33–38.

Rousse, P. & van Noort, S. 2014. Afrotropical Ophioninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae): an update of Gauld & Mitchell's revision, including two new species and an interactive matrix identification key. ZooKeys 456: 59–73. doi:10.3897/zookeys.456.8140

Rousse P, Quicke DLJ, Matthee CA, Lefeuvre P & van Noort S. 2016. A molecular and morphological reassessment of the phylogeny of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 178: 128–148. doi: 10.1111/zoj.12405

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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