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Ophioninae keys

Identification  keys to ophionine wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Family: Ichneumonidae; Subfamily: Ophioninae)

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*** NB Chrome Version 42 (released April 2015) removed the Netscape Plugin API (NPAPI) architecture that Java requires to function. This means that the Lucid Phoenix keys will not load in Google Chrome. Please use an alternative browser (IE, FireFox, or Safari on Mac OS X) to load the Lucid Phoenix keys.

Lucid have addressed this incompatibility issue for the Lucid Matrix keys which will now load in Chrome and other browsers as an independent Java application. The jnlp file will download and the file will need to be accepted and run.

Users can choose between three different key formats depending on their personal preference: a standard dichotomus key, a Lucid Phoenix key or a Lucid matrix key. Although Lucid Phoenix keys are interactive keys they are still dichotomous and a choice needs to be made at each key couplet to continue. Lucid matrix keys, on the other hand, use a different approach where relevant states from multiple character features can be selected independently until identification is achieved. For more information concerning Lucid keys visit www.lucidcentral.org.

Matrix key to genera and species of Afrotropical Ophioninae (Rousse & van Noort, 2014)

Lucid Matrix key 

   

About the Lucid matrix identification key

The Lucid matrix key has been designed for the specific identification of Ophioninae reported in the Afrotropical Region, mostly based on the morphological revisions of Gauld & Mitchell, 1978, Gauld & Mitchell, 1981 and Gauld (1982).  We recommend close consultation with these revisions while using the above Lucid matrix key.

1. Intensive use of the magic wand button is recommended to find the best discriminative feature.

2. Quantitative indices are given with second and third quartiles in square brackets, i.e. the range encompassing 50% of the reported values. The more out of this range a measure is, the more diagnostic the character is.

3. The limits of the states of quantitative indices were determined according to the statistical distribution of the variable, and the species have been coded loosely to avoid false negative. If you measure a value close to one of the limits, we recommend that you select the corresponding alternative option as well. 


Dichotomous keys to genera and species of Afrotropical Ophioninae (updated from Gauld & Mitchell, 1978 & Gauld, 1982). Images to follow.

 

Keys to genera of Afrotropical Ophioninae (modified from Gauld & Mitchell, 1978)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Afrophion (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Dicamptus (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978; Rousse & van Noort, 2014)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Dictyonotus (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Enicospilus (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978; Gauld, 1982; Rousse & van Noort, 2014)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Euryophion (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Laticoleus (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Orientospilus (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key

 

Keys to species of Rhopalophion (after Gauld & Mitchell, 1978)

 

Lucid Phoenix interactive key 

Standard dichotomous key


System requirements

Java Runtime Environment (JRE) must be installed. To check if you have Java installed on your system type "Java -version" in a Command prompt (Windows) or Terminal console (Mac, Unix).

If you receive an unknown command error message or your Java build number is not the latest version then re-install the latest edition of JRE, which can be found at:  http://java.com/en/download/index.jsp

 

Pop-up blockers on your browser need to be turned off to access character images and species pages (fact sheets) from within the key environment.

 

What to do if your Java security settings prevent the key from opening. Go to the programs folder on your computer; open the Java Folder; click on Configure Java tab, which will open the Java Control Panel; click on the Security tab; under Exception site list click on Edit site list and add the WaspWeb url: http://www.waspweb.org

 

If you are still having problems opening the keys visit the Java page: How do I enable Java in my web browser? and follow the instructions for the browser you are using.


References

Gauld, I.D. 1982. A revised key of the Enicospilus antefurcalis (Szépligeti) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) species group of the Afrotropical region. Bulletin of Entomological Research 72: 33–38.

Gauld, I.D. & Mitchell, P.A. 1978. The taxonomy, distribution and host preferences of African parasitic wasps of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, Slough, England, 287 pp.

Gauld, I.D. & Mitchell, P.A. 1981. The taxonomy, distribution and host preferences of Indo-Papuan parasitic wasps of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: khneumonidae). Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, UK, 611pp.

Rousse, P. & van Noort, S. 2014. Afrotropical Ophioninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae): an update of Gauld & Mitchell's revision, including two new species and an interactive matrix identification key. ZooKeys 456: 59–73. doi:10.3897/zookeys.456.8140

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278, 1–57.


Credits

Identification keys produced by Pascal Rousse and Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) from keys developed by Ian Gauld & P.A. Mitchell (1978) and first published by CABI. Photographs © Simon van Noort or Pascal Rousse or Aisha Mayekiso (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2018 Iziko Museums of South Africa

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