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Braunsapis Michener

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Apoidea; Family: Apidae; Subfamily: Xylocopinae; Tribe: Allodapini)

Braunsapis Michener, 1969

Braunsapis_Vida_van_der_Walt_IMG_7086
 

Braunsapis acuticauda Michener, 1971 (South Africa)

Braunsapis affinissima (Gribodo, 1894) (Mozambique)

Braunsapis albipennis (Friese, 1909) (Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

Braunsapis albitarsis (Friese,1924) (Ethiopia, Kenya)

Braunsapis angolensis (Cockerell,1933)

Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda)

Braunsapis antandroy Brooks & Pauly, 2001 (Madagascar)

Braunsapis aureoscopa Michener, 1975 (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Nigeria)

Braunsapis bouyssoui (Vachal, 1903) (Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

Braunsapis calidula (Cockerell, 1908) (Angola, Tanzania)

Braunsapis debilis (Cockerell, 1934) (Cameroun, Gabon, Liberia)

Braunsapis draconis Michener, 1970 (South Africa)

Braunsapis elizabethana (Strand, 1915) (South Africa)

Braunsapis facialis (Gerstaecker, 1858) (Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroun, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

Braunsapis flavitarsis (Gerstaecker, 1870) (Kenya)

Braunsapis foveata (Smith, 1854) (Angola, Burundi, Cameroun, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

Braunsapis fuscinervis (Cameron, 1905) (South Africa)

Braunsapis ghanae Michener, 1975 (Ghana, Nigeria)

Braunsapis gorillarum (Cockerell, 1936) (Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda)

Braunsapis langenburgensis (Strand, 1915) (Mozambique, Tanzania)

Braunsapis leptozonia (Vachal, 1909) (Angola, Burundi, Cameroun, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

Braunsapis liliputana (Strand, 1915) (Malawi, Mozambique)

Braunsapis longula (Friese, 1916) (Namibia)

Braunsapis luapulana (Cockerell, 1936) (Burundi, Cameroun, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda)

Braunsapis lyrata (Cockerell, 1935) (Cameroun, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Uganda)

Braunsapis maculata Reyes, 1991 (Madagascar)

Braunsapis madecassa (Benoist, 1955) (Madagascar)

Braunsapis madecassella Michener 1977 (Madagascar)

Braunsapis minutula (Friese, 1914) (Tanzania)

Braunsapis natalica Michener, 1970 (Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa)

Braunsapis nautica (Cockerell, 1935) (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Nigeria, Uganda)

Braunsapis neavei (Vachal, 1910) (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Braunsapis otavica (Cockerell, 1939) (Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa)

Braunsapis pallida Michener, 1971 (Malawi)

Braunsapis paradoxa (Strand, 1915) (South Africa)

Braunsapis rhodesi (Cockerell, 1936) (Malawi, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

Braunsapis rolini (Vachal, 1903) (Cameroun, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Uganda)

Braunsapis rubicundula (Strand, 1915) (Tanzania)

Braunsapis rugosella (Cockerell, 1936) (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Braunsapis simplicipes Michener, 1969 (Kenya)

Braunsapis somatotheca (Strand, 1915) (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Tanzania)

Braunsapis strandi (Masi, 1930) (Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, Somalia)

Braunsapis stuckenbergorum Michener, 1970 (Malawi, South Africa)

Braunsapis trochanterata (Gerstaecker, 1870) (Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania)

Braunsapis vitrea (Vachal, 1903) (Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

Braunsapis virilipicta (Strand, 1915) (Tanzania)

Distribution

Afrotropical, Australasian and Oriental regions.

Biology

Nest in hollow stems. Most species feed their larvae progressively. Arrangement of larvae and pupae within the nest varies according to genus. In Braunsapis and Allodape, the youngest larvae are at the bottom of the stem and the oldest above. Adults place food provisions on the venter of each larva.

References

Eardley, C & Urban, R. 2010. Catalogue of Afrotropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes). Zootaxa 2455: 1-548.

Eardley, C, Finnamore, A.T. & Michener, C.D. 1993. Superfamily Apoidea (pp. 279-357). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Eardley C.,Kuhlmann M., Pauly A. 2010. The Bee Genera and Subgenera of sub-Saharan Africa. Abc Taxa vol 7: i-vi, 138 pp.

Michener, C.D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. 953 pp.

Credits

Photographs Vida van der Walt (Pretoria).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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