HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Apis_mellifera

Afrotropical Apidae

Honey Bees, Sweat bees, Cuckoo bees, Digger bees, Carpenter bees of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Apoidea)

Classification

Apinae
  Nomadininae
Xylocopinae 

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Provision the nest with pollen and nectar.

Reference

Brothers D.J. 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea) Zoologica Scripta 28: 233250.

Eardley, C & Urban, R. 2010. Catalogue of Afrotropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes). Zootaxa 2455: 1-548.

Eardley, C, Finnamore, A.T. & Michener, C.D. 1993. Superfamily Apoidea (pp. 279-357). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Michener, C.D. 2000. The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. 953 pp.

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums)


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

Copyright 2004-2013 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter