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Eupelmine wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Eupelmidae)


Anastatus Motschulsky, 1859
Arachnophaga Ashmead, 1896
Brasema Cameron, 1884
  Cervicosus Gibson, 1995
  Enigmapelma Gibson, 1995

Eupelmus Dalman, 1820

Lutnes Cameron, 1884
  Macreupelmus Ashmead, 1896
Merostenus Walker, 1837
Mesocomys Cameron, 1905
Ooderella Ashmead, 1896
  Tineobius Ashmead, 1896
  Zaischnopsis Ashmead, 1904
Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Primary or hyper parasitoids of insect and spider eggs and larvae.


Ashmead, W.H. 1896. On the genera of the Eupelminae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 4: 4–20.

Ashmead, W.H. 1904. Classification of the chalcid flies, or the Superfamily: Chalcidoidea, with descriptions of new species in the Carnegie Museum, collected in South America by Herbert H. Smith. Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum, 1, i–xi, 225–551, pls. xxxi–xxxix. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.10341

Brues, C.T. 1907. New chalcid-flies from Cape Colony. Bulletin of the Wisconsin Natural History Society 5: 46-53.

Burks R, Mitroiu M-D, Fusu L, Heraty JM, Janšta P, Heydon S, Papilloud ND-S, Peters RS, Tselikh EV, Woolley JB, van Noort S, Baur H, Cruaud A, Darling C, Haas M, Hanson P, Krogmann L, Rasplus J-Y. 2022. From hell’s heart I stab at thee! A determined approach to rendering Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) monophyletic. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 94:13-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.94.94263

Cameron, P. 1884. Hymenoptera (Families Tenthredinidae—Chrysididae). Biologia Centrali-Americana. Insecta, 1, 1–487, 20 pls.

Ferrière, C. 1939. Chalcid flies attacking noxious beetles in India and New Guinea. Bulletin of Entomological Research 30: 163-168.

Fusu L, Ebrahimi E, Siebold C, Villemant C. 2015. Revision of the Eupelmidae Walker, 1833 described by Jean Risbec. Part 1: the slide mounted specimens housed at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle in Paris. Zoosystema 37: 457–480. https://doi.org/10.5252/z2015n3a3

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P. 1995. Parasitic wasps of the subfamily Eupelminae: classification and revision of world genera (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae). Memoirs on Entomology, International 5: 421 pp.

Gibson G.A.P. 2017. Synonymy of Reikosiella Yoshimoto under Merostenus Walker  (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae), with a checklist of world species and a revision of those species with brachypterous females. Zootaxa 4255: 1–65. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4255.1.1.

Gibson G.A.P. 2017. Revision of world Ooderella Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eupelmidae), with description of the first males for the genus. Zootaxa 4289: 1–74. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4289.1.1.

Gibson, G.A.P. 2018. Revision of Lutnes Cameron (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae). Zootaxa 4415: 330–356. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4415.2.5

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Motschulsky, V. de. 1859. Insectes des Indes Orientales, et de contrées analogues (2de serie). Études Entomologiques 8: 25–118. Helsingfors.

Risbec, J. 1951. 1. Les Chalcidoides de l'Afrique occidentale française. Mémoires de l'Institute Français d'Afrique Noire, Ifan-Dakar 13: 7-409.

Risbec, J. 1951. Chalcidoïdes d'A.O.F. Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 13: 1110-1130.

Risbec, J. 1952. Contribution à l'étude des Chalcidoïdes de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institute Scientifique de Madagascar, Série E 2: 1–449.

Waterston, J. 1916. Chalcidoidea bred from Glossina morsitans in Nyasaland. Bulletin of Entomological Research 6: 381-393.

Waterston, J. 1916. Notes on African Chalcidoidea - V. Bulletin of Entomological Research 7(2): 123-132.


Photographs © Hamish Robertson (Iziko Museums), or © Lisa Bartels (AAFC, Ottawa), or © Gary Gibson (CNCI, Ottawa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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