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Courtella_wardi_female and male

Afrotropical Chalcidoidea

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera)

Agaonidae

Aphelinidae

 

Azotidae

Chalcididae

Encyrtidae 

Eriaporidae

Eucharitidae

Eulophidae

Eupelmidae

Eurytomidae

Leucospidae

Mymaridae

Ormyridae

Perilampidae

Pteromalidae

 

Signiphoridae

Tanaostigmatidae

Tetracampidae

Torymidae

Trichogrammatidae

Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Parasitoids of insect (12 Orders), spider (Aranaea), mite (Acari) or nematode (Family Anguinidae) larvae (occasionally adults); or phytophagous: gall formers, seed eaters or inquilines in galls of other species.

References

Gibson A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Munro, J.B., Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Hawks, D., Mottern, J., Cruaud, A., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Jansta, P. 2011. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS ONE, 6 (11), e27023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027023

Noyes, J.S. 2014. Universal Chalcidoidea Database, Natural History Museum London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/chalcidoids/index.html

Risbec, J. 1952. Contribution à l'étude des Chalcidoïdes de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institute Scientifique de Madagascar, Série E 2: 1–449.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Credits

Photographs and illustrations © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2017. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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