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Eulophidae

Eulophid wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Classification

Entedoninae

Entiinae

 

Eulophinae

Tetrastichinae

Unplaced: Trisecodes Delvare & LaSalle, 2000

Distribution Worldwide.
Biology External or internal parasitoids of a wide range of insect orders, but mainly Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Diptera. A few species are phytophagous, and some are predators of gall-mites or nematodes.

References

Burks, R.A., Heraty, J.M., Gebiola, M. & Hansson, C. 2011. Combined molecular and morphological phylogeny of Eulophidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), with focus on the subfamily Entedoninae. Cladistics, 27, 581–605. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00358.x 

Gibson A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Hansson, C. & Straka, J. 2009. The name Euderinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is a junior homonym. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 111: 272–273.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics, 29, 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Munro, J.B., Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Hawks, D., Mottern, J., Cruaud, A., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Jansta, P. 2011. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS ONE, 6 (11), e27023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027023

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums) or © Janine Kelly (Biosystematics Division, Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Pretoria).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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