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Classification and checklist of World figitid wasps

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae)

Identification keys


Ashmead, W.H. 1900. Notes on some New Zealand and Australian Parasitic Hymenoptera, with descriptions of new genera and new species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 25: 327–360.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitidae - Aspicerinae nouveaux du Congo Belge. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 195-204.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitinae nouveaux du Congo Belge (Cynip.-Figitidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 377–384.

Buffington, M.L. 2012. Description of Nanocthulhu lovecrafti, a preternatural new genus and species of Trichoplastini (Figitidae: Eucoilinae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 114(1): 5-15.

Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2007. A world revision of Pycnostigminae (Cynipoidea: Figitidae) with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa 1392: 1-30.

Buffington, M. L., S. Brady, S. Morita, and S. van Noort. 2012. Divergence estimates and early evolutionary history of Figitidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 287–304.
Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. 2020. World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera):a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(4): 1–69. https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa003

Cameron, P. 1904. Descriptions of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Dunbrody, Cape Colony. Records of the Albany Museum 1: 125-160.

Cameron, P. 1905. A new genus and species of Cynipidae from South Africa, representing a new subfamily. Annals and Magazines of Natural History, Series 7, 16,  20-21.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2012. First record of Alloxysta Förster from Madagascar, with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae). African Entomology 20: 222-228.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J., Pujade-Villar, J. 2013. A review of Alloxysta species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae) from Africa. African Entomology 21: 255266.

Fontal-Cazalla, F. M., Buffington, M. L., Nordlander, G., Liljeblad, J.,

Ros-Farré, P., Nieves-Aldrey, J. L., Pujade-Villar, J. & Ronquist, F. 2002. Phylogeny of the Eucoilinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae). Cladistics 18, 154–199.

Förster, A. 1869. Ueber die Gallwespen. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 19: 327-370.

Jiménez, M., Paretas-Martínez J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2008. Revision of Xyalophora Kieffer and description of Xyalophoroides gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Figitinae). European Journal of Entomology 105: 751–769.

Mata-Casanova, N., Pujade-Villar, J. 2013. Acanthaegilopsis malagasy gen. n. and sp. n. of Anacharitinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae) from Madagascar and the Comoros. African Entomology 21(1): 161–164.

Mata-Casanova N, Pujade-Villar J. 2013. Nuevas aportaciones al conocimiento de Acanthaegilips en Colombia (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Anacharitinae). Revista colombiana de Entomología 39(1):71–75.

Mata-Casanova N, Selfa J, Arcaya E, Sosa F, Tormos J, Pujade-Villar J. 2014. First host record for Acanthaegilips (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Anacharitinae) and description of a new species from Venezuela. Fla Entomol 97(2):461–464.

Mata-Casanova N,  Selfa J  & Pujade-Villar J. 2014. Description of two new species of Anacharitinae (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) from the Afrotropical region. African Entomology 22: 545-551. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4001/003.022.0312

Mata-Casanova N, Selfa J & Pujade-Villar J. 2015. Description of two new species of Anacharis Dalman, 1823 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae, Anacharitinae) from the Afrotropical Region. African Entomology 23: 314–320. http://dx.doi.org/10.4001/003.023.0222

Mata-Casanova N, Selfa J & Pujade-Villar J. 2017. Revision of the current knowledge of genus Aegilips Haliday, 1835 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Anacharitinae) in the Afrotropical Region, with description of three new species. African Entomology 25: 62 – 67. http://dx.doi.org/10.4001/003.025.0062

Paretas-Martínez, J., Arnedo, M.A., Melika, G., Selfa, J., Seco-Fernández, M.V., Fülöp, D., Pujade-Villar, J. 2007. Phylogeny of the parasitic wasp subfamily Charipinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae) Zoologica Scripta 36: 153–172.

Paretas-Martinez, J.; Melika, G.; Pujade-Villar, J. 2009. Description of four new species of Dilyta Förster (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Charipinae) from the Afrotropical Region. African Entomology 17: 207-214.

Pujade-Villar J, Restrepo-Ortiz CX, García JL, Ros-Farré P. 2009. Redescripción de Acanthaegilips Ashmead 1897 y descripción de dos nuevas especies (Figitidae: Anacharitinae). Dugesiana 16(2):57–65
Pujade-Villar J, Restrepo-Ortiz CX, Ros-Farré P, García JL. 2009. Acanthaegilips Ashmead, 1897 (Cynipoidea, Figitidae: Anacharitinae) de Venezuela. Entomotropica 24(1):23–30.

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region. Aspicerinae (Figitidae) and Oberthuerellinae (Liopteridae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 39: 85-133.

Quinlan, J. 1986. A key to the Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera), with a revision of certain genera. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomology) 52, 243–366.

Quinlan, J. 1988. A revision of some Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomology) 56, 171–229.

Quinlan, J. & Evenhuis, H. H. 1980. Status of the subfamily names Charipinae and Alloxystinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Systematic Entomology 5: 427–430.

Restrepo-Ortiz CX, Ros-Farré P, Díaz NB, García JL, Pujade-Villar J. 2010. Nuevos aportes al conocimiento del género Acanthaegilips (Hymenoptera: Figitidae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 69(1–2):09–16.
Richards OW. 1977. Hymenoptera. In: Handbooks for the identification of British insects. 2nd Edn. 6(1): 1–100. British Museum and Royal Entomological Society, London.
Ros-Farré P, Ronquist F, Pujade-Villar J. 2000. Redescription of Acanthaegilips Ashmead, 1897, with characterization of the Anacharitinae and Aspiceratinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea:
Figitidae). Zool J Linnean Soc 129:467–488.
Ros-Farré P, Sporrong M, Ronquist F, Pujade-Villar J. 2003. Revision of the Neotropical genus Acanthaegilips (Hym., Cynipoidea, Figtidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 43(2):11–30.

Ronquist, F. 1995. Phylogeny and classification of the Liopteridae, an archaic group of cynipoid wasps (Hymenoptera). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 46: 1-74.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139–164.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2014. Review of Afrotropical Figitinae (Figitidae, Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera) with the first records of Neralsia and Lonchidia for the region. ZooKeys 453: 37–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.453.8511

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

Yoshimoto, C.M. 1962. Insects of Micronesia, Hymenoptera: Eucoilinae (Cynipoidea). Insects of Micronesia 19: 89-107.

Yoshimoto, C.M. 1963. The genera Leptolamina and Maacynips, n. gen. from the Papuan subregion (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea, Eucoilinae) Pacific Insects 5: 513-517.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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