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Figitidae

Figitid wasps of the world

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea)

ClassificationIdentification keys

Anacharitinae (Worldwide)

Aspicerinae (Worldwide)

Charipinae (Worldwide)

Emargininae (Worldwide)

Euceroptrinae (Holarctic)

Eucoilinae (Worldwide)

Figitinae (Worldwide)
Mikeiinae (Australian)
Parnipinae (Palaearctic)
Plectocynipinae (Neotropical)

Pycnostigminae (Afrotropical, Palaearctic)

Thrasorinae (Indo-Australasian, Nearctic, Neotropical)
Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Parasitoids of larva of cyclorrhaphous Diptera, or Hemerobiidae and Chrysopidae (Neuroptera), or Syrphidae (Diptera), or parasitoids of cynipoid or chalcidoid gall inducers, or hyperparasitoids of Hemiptera through Braconidae or Chalcidoidea.

References

Ashmead, W.H. 1900. Notes on some New Zealand and Australian Parasitic Hymenoptera, with descriptions of new genera and new species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 25: 327–360.

Buffington, M.L. 2011. Description, circumscription and phylogenetics of the Diglyphosematini Belizin, 1961, and the description of a new genus (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 113: 239–290.

Buffington, M.L. 2012. Description of Nanocthulhu lovecrafti, a preternatural new genus and species of Trichoplastini (Figitidae: Eucoilinae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 114(1): 5-15.

Buffington, ML & Copeland, R.S.  2015. Muhaka icipe, an enigmatic new genus and species of Kleidotomini (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae) from an East African coastal forest. Journal of Natural History 49: 1-11. DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2015.1042411

Buffington, M. L., and J. Liljeblad 2008. The description of Euceroptrinae, a new subfamily of Figitidae (Hymenoptera), including a revision of Euceroptres Ashmead, 1896, and the description of a new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 17: 44–56.

Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2007. A world revision of Pycnostigminae (Cynipoidea: Figitidae) with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa 1392: 1-30

Buffington, M. L., S. Brady, S. Morita, and S. van Noort. 2012. Divergence estimates and early evolutionary history of Figitidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 287–304.
Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. In press. World Cynipoidea: a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity

Cameron, P. 1904. Descriptions of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Dunbrody, Cape Colony. Records of the Albany Museum 1: 125-160.

Cameron, P. 1905. A new genus and species of Cynipidae from South Africa, representing a new subfamily. Annals and Magazines of Natural History, Series 7, 16,  20-21.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitidae - Aspicerinae nouveaux du Congo Belge. Revue Zool. Bot. afr. 53: 195-204.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2012. First record of Alloxysta Förster from Madagascar, with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae). African Entomology 20: 222-228.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J., Pujade-Villar, J. 2013. A review of Alloxysta species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae) from Africa. African Entomology 21: 255266.

Fontal-Cazalla, F. M., Buffington, M. L., Nordlander, G., Liljeblad, J., Ros-Farré, P., Nieves-Aldrey, J. L., Pujade-Villar, J. & Ronquist, F. (2002). Phylogeny of the Eucoilinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae). Cladistics 18, 154–199.

Paretas-Martinez, J.; Melika, G.; Pujade-Villar, J. 2009. Description of four new species of Dilyta Förster (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Charipinae) from the Afrotropical Region. African Entomology 17: 207-214.

Paretas-Martínez, J., Arnedo, M.A., Melika, G., Selfa, J., Seco-Fernández, M.V., Fülöp, D., Pujade-Villar, J. 2007. Phylogeny of the parasitic wasp subfamily Charipinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae) Zoologica Scripta 36: 153–172.

Paretas-Martínez, J., Restrepo-Ortiz C., Buffington, M. L. and Pujade-Villar, J. 2011. Systematics of Australian Thrasorinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae) with descriptions of Mikeiinae, new subfamily, two new genera, and three new species. ZooKeys 108: 21-48. 10.3897/zookeys.108.829. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.108.829

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region. Aspicerinae (Figitidae) and Oberthuerellinae (Liopteridae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 39: 85-133.

Quinlan, J. 1986. A key to the Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera), with a revision of certain genera. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomology) 52, 243–366.

Quinlan, J. 1988. A revision of some Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomology) 56, 171–229.

Quinlan, J. & Evenhuis, H. H. 1980. Status of the subfamily names Charipinae and Alloxystinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Systematic Entomology 5: 427–430.

Ritchie, A.J. 1993. Superfamily Cynipoidea (pp. 521-536). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139–164.

Ros-Farré, P, Pujade-Villar, J. 2011. Revision of the genus Paraspicera Kieffer, 1907 (Hym: Figitidae: Aspicerinae). Zootaxa 2801: 48–56.

Ros-Farré, P., and J. Pujade-Villar. 2013. Revision of the genus Aspicera Dahlbom, 1842 (Hym.: Figitidae: Aspicerinae). Zootaxa 3606: 1–110.

Ros-Farré, P., F. Ronquist, and J. Pujade-Villar. 2000. Redescription of Acanthaegilips Ashmead, 1897, with characterization of the Anacharitinae and Aspiceratinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc-Lond. 129: 467–488.

van Noort, S, Buffington, ML & Forshage, M. 2014. Review of Afrotropical Figitinae (Figitidae, Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera) with the first records of Neralsia and Lonchidia for the region. ZooKeys 453: 37–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.453.8511

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

Weld, L.H. 1951. A new species of Trybliographa (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 14: 331–332.
Weld, L.H. 1951. New Eucoilinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 53(4): 223-224.

Weld, L.H. 1952. Cynipoidea (Hym.) 1905–1950, being a Supplement to the Dalla Torre and Kieffer monograph, the Cynipidae in Das Tierreich, Lieferung 24, 1910 and bringing the systematic literature of the world up to date, including keys to families and subfamilies and list of new generic, specific and variety names. Privately Printed, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 1–351 pp.

Weld, L.H. 1960. A new genus in Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 62: 195–196.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum).

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2020. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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