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Aspicerine wasps of the World

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae)

ClassificationIdentification keys

Anacharoides Cameron, 1904  (Afrotropical)

Aspicera Dahlbom, 1842 (Afrotropical, Holarctic, Oriental)


Balna Cameron, 1883 (Neotropical)

Callaspidia Dahlbom, 1842 (Nearctic, Neotropical, Palaearctic)

Melanips Walker in Haliday, 1835 (Afrotropical, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oriental, Palaearctic)


Omalaspis Giraud, 1860 (Nearctic, Palaearctic)


Paraspicera Kieffer, 1907 (Nearctic)

Prosaspicera Kieffer, 1907 (Worldwide)

Pujadella Ros-Farré, 2007 (Oriental)

Distribution Worldwide.

Parasitoids of larva of Syrphidae (Diptera). Where known, all aspicerines (including Melanips; Buffington et al., 2007) are parasitoids of Diptera that are predaceous on Aphididae (Ronquist, 1999; Buffington & van Noort, 2009; Ros-Farré & Pujade-Villar, 2011; Buffington et al.,  2012).


Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2009. A world revision of Anacharoides Cameron, 1904 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) with a description of a new species. Zookeys 20: 245-274.

Buffington, M. L., S. Brady, S. Morita, and S. van Noort. 2012. Divergence estimates and early evolutionary history of Figitidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 287–304.

Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. 2020. World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera):a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(4): 1–69. https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa003
Benoit, P.L.G. 1956
. Figitidae - Aspicerinae nouveaux du Congo Belge. Revue Zool. Bot. afr. 53: 195-204.

Cameron, P. 1904. Descriptions of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Dunbrody, Cape Colony. Records of the Albany Museum 1: 125-160.

Forshage, M., & Baião, G. 2014. Revision of Mani's Figitidae types (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Zootaxa 3784(4): 498–500. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3784.4.9

Mani, M.S. 1936. Some new and little known parasitic Hymenoptera from India. Records of the Indian Museum 38: 333–340.

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region. Aspicerinae (Figitidae) and Oberthuerellinae (Liopteridae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 39: 85-133.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139–164.

Ros-Farré, P, Pujade-Villar, J. 2011. Revision of the genus Omalaspis Giraud, 1860 (Hym.: Figitidae: Aspicerinae). Zootaxa 2917: 1–28.

Ros-Farré, P, Pujade-Villar, J. 2011. Revision of the genus Paraspicera Kieffer, 1907 (Hym: Figitidae: Aspicerinae). Zootaxa 2801: 48–56.

Ros-Farré, P., and J. Pujade-Villar. 2013. Revision of the genus Aspicera Dahlbom, 1842 (Hym.: Figitidae: Aspicerinae). Zootaxa 3606: 1–110.

Ros-Farré, P., F. Ronquist, and J. Pujade-Villar. 2000. Redescription of Acanthaegilips Ashmead, 1897, with characterization of the Anacharitinae and Aspiceratinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc-Lond. 129: 467–488.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353



Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.

  Next subfamily: Charipinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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