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Eumeninae

Potter wasps or Mason wasps of the Afrotropical region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Vespidae)

Classification

   Aethiopicodynerus Gusenleitner, 1997

Afrepipona Giordani Soika, 1965

Afreumenes Bequaert, 1926

Afrodynerus Giordani Soika, 1934

Afrogamma Giordani Soika, 1987

Alastor Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1841

Allepipona Giordani Soika, 1987
  Allodynerus Blüthgen, 1938

Ancistrocerus Wesmael, 1836

Antepipona de Saussure, 1855

  Anterhynchium de Saussure, 1863

Antodynerus de Saussure, 1855

Astalor von Schultheß, 1925

Carinstrocerus Giordani Soika, 1989

Catilostenus Meunier, 1888

Chlorodynerus Blüthgen, 1951

Convextrocerus Giordani Soika, 1989

Cyphodynerus van der Vecht, 1971

Cyrtalastor Giordani Soika, 1989

  Cyrteumenes Giordani Soika, 1991

Cyrtolabulus van der Vecht, 1969

Delta de Saussure, 1855

Ectopioglossa Perkins, 1912

 

Elimus de Saussure, 1852

Elisella Giordani Soika, 1974

Emeryrhynchium Gusenleitner, 2007

Eumenes Latreille, 1802
  Eumenidiopsis Giordani Soika, 1939

Eustenancistrocerus Blüthgen, 1938

Extreuodynerus Gusenleitner, 2007

Gibberhynchium Gusenleitner, 2002

Gioiella Giordani Soika, 1985

Globepipona Gusenleitner, 1998

Globodynerus Giordani Soika, 1987

Interzumia Gusenleitner, 2002

Euodynerus von Dalla Torre, 1904

Giordania Gusenleitner, 1995

  Ischnogasteroides Magretti, 1884

Katamenes Meade-Waldo, 1910

Knemodynerus Blüthgen, 1940
  Lamellodynerus Gusenleitner, 1999

Leptochilus de Saussure, 1853

Leptomenes Giordani Soika, 1939

Malagassodynerus Gusenleitner, 1992

Malgachemenes Gusenleitner, 1992

Micreumenes Ashmead, 1902

Nirtenia Giordani Soika, 1989

Odynerus Latreille, 1802
 

Omicrabulus Giordani Soika, 1987

Ovodynerus Giordani Soika, 1985

Pachodynerus de Saussure, 1870

 

Paraleptomenes Giordani Soika, 1979

  Paramischocyttarus Magretti, 1884

Paravespa Radoszkowski, 1886

  Pareumenes de Saussure, 1855

Polistepipona Giordani Soika, 1989

Postepipona Giordani Soika, 1974

Proepipona Giordani Soika, 1977

Pseudepipona de Saussure, 1856

Pseudochilus de Saussure, 1856

Pseudodontodynerus Blüthgen, 1939

Pseudonortonia Giordani Soika, 1936

Pseudozumia de Saussure, 1875

Pterocheilus Klug, 1805

Pteromenes Giordani Soika, 1960

 

Raphiglossa Saunders, 1850

Raphiglossoides Giordani Soika, 1936

Rhynchalastor Meade-Waldo, 1910

Rhynchium Spinola, 1806

Simplepipona Gusenleitner, 2004

Stellepipona Giordani Soika, 1973

Stroudia Gribodo, 1892

Subancistrocerus de Saussure, 1855

  Synagris Latreille, 1802

Syneuodynerus Blüthgen, 1951

Tachyancistrocerus Giordani Soika, 1952

Tachymenes Giordani Soika, 1983

Trachyodynerus Giordani Soika, 1989

Tricarinodynerus Giordani Soika, 1952

Tuleara Gusenleitner, 2000

Xanthodynerus Blüthgen, 1954

Zetheumenidion Bequaert, 1926

 

Zethus Fabricius, 1804

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Nest in holes in the ground or in hollow stems, or construct nests from clay. Females lay an egg in each individual cell and provision the cells with partially paralysed caterpillars. The cell is then sealed. Species of Allepipona, Delta and Knemodynerus have been recorded pollinating Moraea rivulicola (Goldblatt & Manning, 2012)  and three Ferraria species: F. divaricata Sweet, F. macrochlamys (Baker) Goldblatt & J.C. Manning, and F. variabilis Goldblatt & J.C. Manning, (Goldblatt et al. 2009; Goldblatt & Manning 2011; Goldblatt & Manning, 2012).

References

Bequaert, J. 1918. A Revision of the Vespidae of the Belgian Congo Based on the Collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, With A List of Ethiopian Diplopterous Wasps. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 39: 2-384.

Bequaert, J. 1926. The genus Eumenes Latreille, in South Africa, with a revision of the Ethiopian species (Hymenoptera.) Annals of the South African Museum 23: 483–577.

Brothers, D.J. & Finnamore A.T. 1993. Superfamily Vespoidea (pp. 161-278). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.+

Carpenter, J.M. 1986. A Synonymic Generic Checklist of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Psyche 93: 61-90.

Carpenter, J. M. & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Vespidae of the Malagasy Subregion (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (2): 1871-1935.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part I: Introduction, Key to Genera, Genera Aethiopicodynerus Gusenleitner 1997 to Cyrtolabulus van der VECHT 1969. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (1): 513-638.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner & M. Madl. 2010. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part II: Genera Delta de Saussure 1885 to Zethus FABRICIUS 1804 and Species Incertae Sedis. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 95-315.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner & M. Madl. 2010. A Catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part III: Classification, Additions, Corrections and Index. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 919-1004.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W. 2014. Wasps and bees in southern Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 24. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. 320 pp.

Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2011. Systematics and biology of the African genus Ferraria (Iridaceae: Irideae). Bothalia 41: 1–40.

Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2012. Notes on Moraea subg. Visciramosa (Iridoideae), including the new species Moraea saldanhensis from the Atlantic coast of South Africa, recognition of M. inconspicua subsp. namaquensis, and pollination biology in M. rivulicola. Bothalia 42: 210-215.

Goldblatt, P., Bernhardt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2009. Adaptive radiation of the putrid perianth: Ferraria (Iridaceae: Irideae) and its unusual pollinators. Plant Systematics and Evolution 278: 53–65.

von Schulthess, A. 1914. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aethiopischer Eumenidinen. Societas
Entomologia
29 (13): 57-58; (14): 62-64; (16): 72-74; (17): 77-79.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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