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Vespidae

Paper, Potter & Pollen wasps of Afrotropical region (subsaharan Africa and Madagascar)

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea)

Eumeninae 
Masarinae
Polistinae
Vespinae

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Potter or Mason wasps (Eumeninae) nest in holes in the ground, in hollow stems, or construct nests from clay. Females lay an egg in each individual cell and provision the cells with partially paralysed caterpillars. The cell is then sealed. The masarine Pollen wasps provision their nests with pollen and nectar. Paper wasps (Vespinae) are social, constructing communal paper nests. Larvae are fed on chewed-up, soft-bodied insects such as caterpillars.

Links

Identification Atlas of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) of the northeastern Nearctic region.

 

Iconography of the Vespidae of the World.

Public awareness brochure

References

Arévalo, E., Y. Zhu, J. M. Carpenter and J. E. Strassmann. 2004. The phylogeny of the social wasp subfamily Polistinae: evidence from microsatellite flanking sequences, mitochondrial COI sequence, and morphological characters. BioMed Central Evolutionary Biology 4: 8.

Bequaert, J.C. 1918. A revision of the Vespidae of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition: with a list of Ethiopian diplopterous wasps. Bulletin of the AMNH 39: 1-384.

Brothers, D. J. and J. M. Carpenter. 1993. Phylogeny of Aculeata: Chrysidoidea and Vespoidea (Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 2: 227-304.

Brothers, D.J. & Finnamore A.T. 1993. Superfamily Vespoidea (pp. 161-278). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Carpenter, J. M. 1982. The phylogenetic relationships and natural classification of the Vespoidea (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 7: 11–38.

Carpenter, J. M. 1982. Vespoidea, Masaridae, Eumenidae, Vespidae. In Parker, S. (ed.), Taxonomy and Classification of Living Organisms: 676-677. McGraw-Hill Co., New York.

Carpenter, J.M. 1986. A synonymic generic checklist of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Psyche 93: 61-90.

Carpenter, J. M. 1987. On “The evolutionary genetics of social wasps” and the phylogeny of the Vespinae (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Insectes Sociaux 34: 58-64.

Carpenter, J. M. 1987. Phylogenetic relationships and classification of the Vespinae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Systematic Entomology 12: 413-431.

Carpenter, J. M. 1988. The phylogenetic system of the Gayellini (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Masarinae). Psyche 95: 211–241.

Carpenter, J. M. 1993. Biogeographic patterns in the Vespidae (Hymenoptera): two views of Africa and South America. In P. Goldblatt (ed.), Biological Relationships between Africa and South America: 139–155. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press.

Carpenter, J. M. 1996. Phylogeny and biogeography of Polistes. In Turillazzi, S. and M. J. West-Eberhard (eds.), Natural History and Evolution of Paper-Wasps: 18-57. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Carpenter, J. M. 1996. Distributional checklist of the species of the genus Polistes (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Polistinae, Polistini). American Museum Novitates 3188: 1-39.

Carpenter, J. M. 1996. Generic classification of the Australian pollen wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Masarinae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 69 (4), supplement: 384-400.

Carpenter, J.M. 2001. Checklist of species of the subfamily Masarinae (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). American Museum Novitates 3325: 1-37.

Carpenter, J. M. 2003. On “Molecular Phylogeny of Vespidae (Hymenoptera) and the Evolution of Sociality in Wasps.” American Museum Novitates 3389: 1-20.

Carpenter, J. M. & J. Kojima. 1997. Checklist of the species in the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Natural History Bulletin of Ibaraki University 1: 51-92.

Carpenter, J. M. & M. C. Day. 1988. Nomenclatural notes on Polistinae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Proceedings of the Washington Entomological Society 90: 323-328.

Carpenter, J. M. & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Vespidae of the Malagasy Subregion (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (2): 1871-1935.

Carpenter, J. M., J. Gusenleitner and M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part I: Introduction, Key to Genera, Genera Aethiopicodynerus GUSENLEITNER 1997 to Cyrtolabulus van der VECHT 1969. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (1): 513-638.

Carpenter, J. M., J. Gusenleitner and M. Madl. 2010. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part II: Genera Delta de SAUSSURE 1885 to Zethus FABRICIUS 1804 and species incertae sedis. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 95-315.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner & M. Madl. 2010. A Catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part III: Classification, Additions, Corrections and Index. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 919-1004.

Carpenter, J. M., J. E. Strassmann, S. Turillazzi, C. R. Hughes, C. R. Solís and R. Cervo. 1993. Phylogenetic relationships among paper wasp social parasites and their hosts (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Polistinae). Cladistics 9: 129-146.

Gess, F.W. 2004. A revision of the Afrotropical species of the wasp genus Jugurtia de Saussure, 1854 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, Masarinae). Howard Evans Memorial Volume. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 77: 669-720.

Gess, F.W. 2005. Three new species of Masarina Richards, 1962 from southern Africa with a key to all species of the genus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, Masarinae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 14(1): 7-14.

Gess, F.W. 2007. Four new species of the wasp genus Celonites Latreille, 1802 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae) from south-western Africa, designation of neotype for C. michaelseni von Schulthess, 1923, species representation in Namibia, and a key to species occurring in Namibia. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 16(1): 11 – 29.

Gess, F.W. 2007. The genus Quartinia Ed. André, 1884 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae) in southern Africa. Part I. Descriptions of new species with complete venation. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 16(2): 211 – 233.

Gess, F.W. 2008. The genus Quartinia Ed. André, 1884 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae) in southern Africa. Part II. A new species with complete venation and with deeply excised antennal club in the male.Journal of Hymenoptera Research 17(1):  83 – 85.

Gess FW 2011. The genus Quartinia Ed. André, 1884 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Masarinae) in Southern Africa. Part IV. New and little known species with complete venation. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 21: 1–39. doi: 10.3897/JHR.21.870

Gess FW 2011. The genus Quartinia Ed. André, 1884 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Masarinae) in Southern Africa. Part V. New and little known species with incomplete venation. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 22: 29–43. doi: 10.3897/JHR.22.871

Gess FW 2012. The genus Quartinia Ed. Andre, 1884 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Masarinae) in Southern Africa. Part VI. New and little known species both with complete and incomplete venation. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 24: 95–115. doi: 10.3897/JHR.24.2155

Gess, S.K. 1996. The Pollen Wasps: ecology and natural history of the Masarinae. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 340 pp.

Gess SK & Gess FW 2010. Pollen wasps and flowers in southern Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 18. South African National  Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 147 pp.

Kojima, J. & J. M. Carpenter 1997. Catalog of species in the polistine tribe Ropalidiini (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). American Museum Novitates 3199: 1-96.

Pickett, K. M. and J. M. Carpenter. 2010. Simultaneous analysis and the origin of eusociality in the Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 68 (1): 3-33.

Richards, O. W., 1962. A revisional study of the masarid wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespoidea): vii, 1- 294. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London.

van der Vecht J. & Carpenter, J.M. 1990. A catalogue of the genera of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera). Zool. Verh. Leiden 260: 1-62.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort or Hamish Robertson (Iziko Museums) or Vida van der Walt (Pretoria).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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