HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Identification keys

Platygastridae

Classification and checklist of  Afrotropical platygastrid wasps

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily Platygastroidea; Family: Platygastridae)

  • Subfamily PLATYGASTRINAE

    • Genus Acerotella Masner, 1964

      • Acerotella species

    • Genus Aceroteta Kozlov & Masner, 1977

      • Aceroteta africana Buhl, 2005

    • Genus Allostemma Masner & Huggert, 1989

      • Allostemma species

    • Genus Ambylaspis Förster, 1856

      • Amblyaspis elgonensis Buhl, 2006

      • Ambylaspis nanus Sundholm, 1970

      • Amblyaspis polaszeki Buhl, 2004

    • Genus Euxestonotus Fouts, 1925

      • Euxestonotus charon Buhl, 2004

      • Euxestonotus pilipterus Buhl, 2005

    • Genus Holocoeliella Huggert, 1981

      • Holocoeliella debaucheella (Huggert, 1976)

    • Genus Inostemma Haliday, 1833

      • Inostemma africanum Ghesquičre, 1939

      • Inostemma ambilobei (Risbec, 1955)

      • Inostemma dux Buhl, 2007

      • Inostemma nitidum Sundholm, 1970

      • Inostemma rugosum Sundholm, 1970

      • Inostemma senegalense Risbec, 1950

      • Inostemma soederlundi Buhl, 2005

      • Inostemma sylvaticum (Risbec, 1953)

    • Genus Iphitrachelus Haliday, 1835

      • Iphitrachelus africanus Huggert, 1976

      • Iphitrachelus danielssoni Buhl, 2005

      • Iphitrachelus gracilis Masner, 1957

    • Genus Isostasius Förster, 1856

      • Isostasius polaszeki Buhl, 2004

    • Genus Leptacis Förster, 1856

      • Leptacis acanthia Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis africana Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis ambrensis Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis aramis Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis aranea Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis athos Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis bidentata Buhl, 2004

      • Leptacis bispinosa Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis brevigaster Buhl, 2004

      • Leptacis celisi (Risbec, 1958)

      • Leptacis disticha Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis dux Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis exigua Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis flavosignata (Kieffer, 1912)

      • Leptacis fusiformis Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis graciliventris Buhl, 2003

      • Leptacis insularis Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis katanga Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis kivuensis (Risbec, 1958)

      • Leptacis leroyi (Risbec, 1958)

      • Leptacis limnocharis (Kieffer, 1910)

      • Leptacis longispinula Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis longiciliata Buhl, 2003

      • Leptacis luboi Buhl, 2003

      • Leptacis macrotoma (Kieffer, 1910)

      • Leptacis microcera Buhl, 2003

      • Leptacis mitratus Huggert, 1976

      • Leptacis nana Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis oculata Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis pallidispina Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis pauliani (Risbec, 1953)

      • Leptacis pilosa Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis porthos Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis pumilio Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis risbeci Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis seyrigi Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis soederlundi Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis tenuis Buhl, 2005

      • Leptacis terricola Masner, 1960

      • Leptacis xestonota Masner, 1960

    • Genus Piestopleura Förster, 1856

      • Piestopleura abyssinica Buhl, 2004

    • Genus Platygaster Latrielle, 1809

      • Platygaster acaciae Buhl, 2007

      • Platygaster alticola Kieffer, 1910

      • Platygaster baezi Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster cuspidata Buhl, 2005

      • Platygaster diplosisae Risbec, 1956

      • Platygaster dombeyae Risbec, 1953

      • Platygaster dryomiae Dieuzeide, 1927

      • Platygaster ethiopica Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster flagellata Buhl, 2003

      • Platygaster fusca Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster gambiana Buhl, 2006

      • Platygaster kenyana Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster laticornis Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster leroyi Risbec, 1958

      • Platygaster mahensis Kieffer, 1912

      • Platygaster malaisei Buhl, 2005

      • Platygaster mandrakae Risbec, 1955

      • Platygaster matuschanskavaskyi Buhl, 2003

      • Platygaster muscivora Risbec, 1950

      • Platygaster natalensis Buhl, 2003

      • Platygaster nigeriana Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster oculata Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster pauliani Risbec, 1953

      • Platygaster perineti Risbec, 1953

      • Platygaster philippiae Risbec, 1953

      • Platygaster pilco Sundholm, 1970

      • Platygaster piso Sundholm, 1970

      • Platygaster polaszeki Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster platyptera Buhl, 2005

      • Platygaster pubiventris Buhl, 2005

      • Platygaster rwankwiensis Risbec, 1958

      • Platygaster setosa Buhl, 2003

      • Platygaster splendens Sundholm, 1970

      • Platygaster subplana Buhl, 2005

      • Platygaster terco Sundholm, 1970

      • Platygaster tsitsikamensis Buhl, 2005

      • Platygaster warda Buhl, 2004

      • Platygaster zambiana Buhl, 2007

    • Genus Proleptacis Kieffer, 1926

      • Proleptacis species

    • Genus Synopeas Förster, 1856

      • Synopeas africanus Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas bicolor Sundholm, 1970

      • Synopeas bifoveatus (Kieffer, 1912)

      • Synopeas capensis Buhl, 2005

      • Synopeas congoana (Risbec, 1958)

      • Synopeas cynipsoides Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas fulvimanus Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas ibadanensis Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas kovacsi Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas iensis (Risbec, 1953)

      • Synopeas monticola (Kieffer, 1910)

      • Synopeas nigeriana Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas nigerrimus Sundholm, 1970

      • Synopeas pallidicornis Buhl, 2006

      • Synopeas polaszeki Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas procerus Buhl, 2005

      • Synopeas seychellensis (Kieffer, 1912)

      • Synopeas soederlundi Buhl, 2005

      • Synopeas striatus (Risbec, 1958)

      • Synopeas sundholmi Buhl, 2005

      • Synopeas thorkildi Buhl, 2004

      • Synopeas tuberosus Sundholm, 1970

  • Subfamily SCELIOTRACHELINAE

    • Genus Afrisolia Masner & Huggert, 1989

      • Afrisolia obesa Masner & Huggert, 1989

    • Genus Allotropa Förster, 1856

      • Allotropa kamurovi Annecke & Prinsloo, 1977

      • Allotropa loundsburyi Ashmead, 1901

      • Allotropa magnini Risbec, 1955

      • Allotropa pauliana Risbec, 1955

    • Genus Amitus Haldeman, 1850

      • Amitus species

    • Genus Fidiobia Ashmead, 1849

      • Fidiobia benjamini (Nixon), 1969

    • Genus Parabaeus Kieffer, 1910

      • Parabaeus africanus Austin, 1990

      • Parabaeus armadillus Austin, 1990

      • Parabaeus peckorum Austin, 1990

      • Parabaeus quasimodus Austin, 1990

      • Parabaeus ruficornis Kieffer, 1910

    • Genus Pulchrisolia Szabó, 1959

      • Pulchrisolia maculata Szabó, 1959

    • Genus Sceliotrachelus Brues, 1908

      • Sceliotrachelus braunsi Brues, 1908

Comments

The classification presented here follows Masner (1993) with minor updates e.g. Taekal et al. (2014) transferred Psix and Paratelenomus from Telenominae to Scelioninae. A comprehensive phylogenetic assessment based on both morphological and molecular data to formulate a revised classification of Platygastroidea is still required. Murphy et al. (2007) conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the entire Platygastroidea in which the Platygastridae was supported as a monophyletic group nested within Scelionidae. As a result the Scelionidae were retrieved as polyphyletic, but the classification was not revised because of low support for many of the deeper nodes in the cladogram, and inadequate taxon sampling (less than a quarter of the valid genera in the superfamily were included in their analyses). Based on the results of Murphy et al. (2007), Sharkey (2007) formally synonymised Scelionidae with Platygastridae. Subsequently McKellar & Engel (2012) raised the tribes Sparasionini and Nixonini to family level and recognized four families: Nixoniidae, Sparasionidae, Scelionidae and Platygastridae, but in Ortega-Blanca et al. (2014) they treated placement of these two tribes within the Platygastroidea as incertae sedis recognizing only two families: Scelionidae and Platygastridae. These higher classification changes made by Sharkey (2007) and McKellar & Engel (2012) have largely not been accepted (Talamas & Buffington, 2015; Popovici et al. 2017) and until robust phylogenetic data is published the classification of Masner (1993) is followed.

References

Engel, M.S. & Krombein, K.V. 2012. Hymenoptera. In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. McGraw-Hill Professional, New York.

Johnson, N. F. 1992. Catalog of world Proctotrupoidea excluding Platygastridae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 51: 1-825.

Masner, L. 1976. Revisionary notes and keys to world genera of Scelionidae (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 97: 1-87.

Masner L. 1993. Superfamily Platygastroidea (pp. 558-565). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Masner L. & Huggert, L. 1989. World review and keys to genera of the subfamily Inostemmatinae with reassignment of the taxa to the Platygastrinae and Sceliotrachelinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 147: 1-214.

McKellar, R.C. & Engel, M.S. 2012. Hymenoptera in Canadian Cretaceous amber (Insecta). Cretaceous Research 35: 258-279.

Ortega-Blanco, J., McKellar, R.C. & Engel, M.S. 2014. Diverse scelionid wasps in Early Cretaceous amber from Spain (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea). Bulletin of Geosciences 89: 553–571.

Popovici OA, Vilhelmsen L, Masner L, Mikó I & Johnson N. 2017. Maxillolabial complex in scelionids (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea): morphology and phylogenetic implications. Insect Systematics & Evolution 48: 1-125.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera. Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Taekul, C., Valerio, A.A., Austin, A.D., Klompen, H. & Johnson, N.F. (2014. Molecular phylogeny of telenomine egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae s.l.: Telenominae): evolution of host shifts and implications for classification. Systematic Entomology 39: 24–35.

Talamas EJ, Buffington ML 2015. Fossil Platygastroidea in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 47: 1–52. doi: 10.3897/JHR.47.5730

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2017. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2017 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter