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Identification keys

Platygastridae

Classification and checklist of  Afrotropical platygastrid wasps

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily Platygastroidea; Family: Platygastridae)

  • Subfamily PLATYGASTRINAE

    • Genus Acerotella Masner, 1964

    • Genus Aceroteta Kozlov & Masner, 1977

      • Aceroteta africana Buhl, 2005 (South Africa, Tanzania)

    • Genus Allostemma Masner & Huggert, 1989

      • Allostemma species

    • Genus Ambylaspis Förster, 1856

      • Amblyaspis elgonensis Buhl, 2006 (Kenya)

      • Amblyaspis iringensis Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Ambylaspis nanus Sundholm, 1970

      • (South Africa)
      • Amblyaspis naskreckii Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Amblyaspis polaszeki Buhl, 2004

      • (Ivory Coast)
      • Amblyaspis tschirnhausi Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Amblyaspis udzungwensis Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Amblyaspis whitmani Buhl, 2001 (South Africa)

    • Genus Ceratacis Thomson, 1859

      • Ceratacis afrotropica Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

    • Genus Euxestonotus Fouts, 1925

      • Euxestonotus charon Buhl, 2004

      • (Nigeria)
      • Euxestonotus deimos Buhl 1998 (Ivory Coast, Togo)

      • Euxestonotus infuscatus Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Euxestonotus michaeli Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Euxestonotus pilipterus Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Euxestonotus (Cylindrostonotus) lissogastrus Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

    • Genus Gastrotrypes Brues, 1922

      • Gastrotrypes spatulatus Brues, 1922 (Togo)

    • Genus Holocoeliella Huggert, 1981

      • Holocoeliella debaucheella (Huggert, 1976) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

    • Genus Inostemma Haliday, 1833

      • Inostemma africanum Ghesquière, 1939 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Inostemma ambilobei (Risbec, 1955) (Madagascar)

      • Inostemma dux Buhl, 2007 (South Africa)

      • Inostemma nitidum Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

      • Inostemma rugosum Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

      • Inostemma senegalense Risbec, 1950 (Senegal)

      • Inostemma soederlundi Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Inostemma sylvaticum (Risbec, 1953) (Madagascar)

      • Inostemma transversiceps Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Inostemma tschirnhausi Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

    • Genus Iphitrachelus Haliday, 1835

      • Iphitrachelus africanus Huggert, 1976 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

        Iphitrachelus danielssoni Buhl, 2005 (South Africa, Togo)

      • Iphitrachelus danielssoni Buhl, 2005 (South Africa, Togo)

      • Iphitrachelus gracilis Masner, 1957 (Ivory Coast. Also Palaearctic region)

    • Genus Isostasius Förster, 1856

    • Genus Leptacis Förster, 1856

      • Leptacis acanthia Buhl, 2005 (South Africa, Togo)

      • Leptacis acuticlava Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis africana Masner, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Togo)

      • Leptacis ambrensis Masner, 1960 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis aramis Masner, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis aranea Masner, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis athos Masner, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Togo)

      • Leptacis bidentata Buhl, 2004 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Leptacis bispinosa Buhl, 2005 (South Africa, Togo)

      • Leptacis brevigaster Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast, Nigeria)

      • Leptacis celisi (Risbec, 1958)

      • (Madagascar)
      • Leptacis cylindrica Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis dendrophila Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis dilatispina Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis disticha Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Leptacis dux Masner, 1960

      • (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Nigeria)
      • Leptacis elongaticeps Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis exigua Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Leptacis filiclava Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis flavosignata (Kieffer, 1912) (Seychelles)

      • Leptacis fusiformis Buhl, 2005 (South Africa, Togo)

      • Leptacis graciliventris Buhl, 2003 (South Africa)

      • Leptacis hanseni Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis humifusa Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis insularis Masner, 1960

      • (Madagascar)
      • Leptacis ioannoui Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis johnsoni Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis katanga Masner, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis kivuensis (Risbec, 1958) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis kryi Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis laevipleura Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis latipetiolata Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis leptoventris Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Leptacis leroyi (Risbec, 1958)  (Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria)

      • Leptacis limnocharis (Kieffer, 1910) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis longispinula Masner, 1960 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis longiciliata Buhl, 2003 (Guinea-Bissau)

      • Leptacis luboi Buhl, 2003 (South Africa)

      • Leptacis macrotoma (Kieffer, 1910)  (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis madagascariensis Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis maritima Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis mckameyi Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis microcera Buhl, 2003 (Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Togo)

      • Leptacis mitratus Huggert, 1976 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis nana Masner, 1960

      • (Madagascar)
      • Leptacis ndundulensis Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis nigrotrochanterica Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis oculata Masner, 1960 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis pallidispina Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Leptacis papei Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis pauliani (Risbec, 1953) (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis piestopleuroides Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis pilosa Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Leptacis pilosiscutellata Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis popovicii Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis porthos Masner, 1960 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptacis pronotata Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Leptacis pubicornis Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis pumilio Masner, 1960

      • (Madagascar)
      • Leptacis quadrilineata Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis risbeci Masner, 1960

      • (Rèunion)
      • Leptacis sensillosa Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis seyrigi Masner, 1960 (Madagascar)

      • Leptacis soederlundi Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Leptacis tenuis Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Leptacis terricola Masner, 1960 (Ivory Coast, Togo)

      • Leptacis togoensis Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis trilineata Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis tschirnhausiana Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Leptacis udzungwensis Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Leptacis villosa Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Leptacis wawa Buhl, 2015 (Togo)

      • Leptacis xestonota Masner, 1960 (Madagascar)

    • Genus Piestopleura Förster, 1856

      • Piestopleura abyssinica Buhl, 2004 (Ethiopia)

    • Genus Platygaster Latrielle, 1809

      • Platygaster acaciae Buhl, 2007 (Kenya)

      • Platygaster alticola Kieffer, 1910 (Rwanda)

      • Platygaster baezi Buhl, 2004 (Canary Islands, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya)

      • Platygaster cuspidata Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Platygaster danyiensis Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster diplosisae Risbec, 1956 (Afrotropical)

      • Platygaster dombeyae Risbec, 1953 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster dryomiae Dieuzeide, 1927 (Afrotropical)

      • Platygaster ethiopica Buhl, 2004 (Ethiopia)

      • Platygaster flagellata Buhl, 2003 (South Africa)

      • Platygaster fusca Buhl, 2004 (Kenya)

      • Platygaster gambiana Buhl, 2006 (Gambia)

      • Platygaster grandidieri Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster hamadryas Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster hedayati Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster kenyana Buhl, 2004 (Kenya)

      • Platygaster kwamgumiensis Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Platygaster laticornis Buhl, 2004

      • (Ethiopia)
      • Platygaster leptothorax Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster leroyi Risbec, 1958

      • (Democratic Republic of Congo)
      • Platygaster liga Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster lobata Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster madagascariensis Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster mahensis Kieffer, 1912 (Seychelles)

      • Platygaster malaisei Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Platygaster mandrakae Risbec, 1955 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster maroantsetrensis Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster matuschanskavaskyi Buhl, 2003

      • (South Africa, Swaziland)
      • Platygaster mazumbaiensis Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster muscivora Risbec, 1950 (Afrotropical)

      • Platygaster natalensis Buhl, 2003 (South Africa)

      • Platygaster nielseni Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster nigeriana Buhl, 2004 (Nigeria)

      • Platygaster oculata Buhl, 2004

      • (Uganda)
      • Platygaster otandjoboliensis Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster pauliani Risbec, 1953 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster perineti Risbec, 1953 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster philippiae Risbec, 1953 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster pilco Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

      • Platygaster piso Sundholm, 1970 (Lesotho)

      • Platygaster planivertex Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster platyptera Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Platygaster polaszeki Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast, Kenya)

      • Platygaster pubiventris Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Platygaster risbeciana Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Platygaster rwankwiensis Risbec, 1958

      • (Democratic Republic of Congo)
      • Platygaster setiventris Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster setosa Buhl, 2003

      • (South Africa)
      • Platygaster sonnei Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster splendens Sundholm, 1970

      • (South Africa)
      • Platygaster subanguliceps Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster subplana Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Platygaster terco Sundholm, 1970

      • (South Africa)
      • Platygaster tricarinata Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster tschirnhausi Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Platygaster tsitsikamensis Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Platygaster udzungwensis Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster ultima Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster vertexialis Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster vilhelmseni Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Platygaster warda Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast)

      • Platygaster zambiana Buhl, 2007

      • (Zambia)
    • Genus Proleptacis Kieffer, 1926

      • Proleptacis species

    • Genus Synopeas Förster, 1856

      • Synopeas acutanguliceps Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas africanus Buhl, 2004

      • (Ivory Coast)
      • Synopeas ambrense Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Synopeas angulaticeps Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas basipubens Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Synopeas bicolor Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

      • Synopeas bifoveatus (Kieffer, 1912)

      • (Seychelles)
      • Synopeas capensis Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Synopeas canopyanum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas ciliarissimum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Synopeas congoana (Risbec, 1958) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Synopeas cynipsoides Buhl, 2004

      • (Ethiopia)
      • Synopeas dentilamellatum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Synopeas dorsale Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Synopeas fredskovae Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas fulvimanus Buhl, 2004

      • (Ethiopia)
      • Synopeas glabratum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas gnom Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas goengeti Buhl, 1997 (Uganda)

      • Synopeas ibadanensis Buhl, 2004 (Nigeria)

      • Synopeas iensis (Risbec, 1953) (Madagascar)

      • Synopeas kovacsi Buhl, 2004

      • (Ethiopia)
      • Synopeas laeviventre Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas lineae Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas longiceps Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas mazumbaiense Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas meieri Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Synopeas monticola (Kieffer, 1910) (Central Africa)

      • Synopeas nigeriana Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast, Nigeria)

      • Synopeas nigerrimus Sundholm, 1970 (South Africa)

      • Synopeas pallidicornis Buhl, 2006 (Gambia)

      • Synopeas polaszeki Buhl, 2004 (Ivory Coast)

      • Synopeas popovicii Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Synopeas procerus Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Synopeas rajaonarimampianinai Buhl, 2015 (Madagascar)

      • Synopeas royi Buhl, 2001 (South Africa)

      • Synopeas semihyalinum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas seychellensis (Kieffer, 1912)  (Seychelles)

      • Synopeas soederlundi Buhl, 2005 (South Africa)

      • Synopeas striatus (Risbec, 1958) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Synopeas sundholmi Buhl, 2005

      • (South Africa)
      • Synopeas tanzanianum Buhl, 2010 (Tanzania, Togo)

      • Synopeas thorkildi Buhl, 2004

      • (Tanzania)
      • Synopeas togoense Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Synopeas tropicus Buhl, 1997 (Uganda)

      • Synopeas tschirnhausi Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

      • Synopeas tuberosus Sundholm, 1970

      • (South Africa)
      • Synopeas ventricosum Buhl, 1997 (Togo. Also Oriental region)

      • Synopeas verrucosum Buhl, 2011 (Tanzania)

      • Synopeas watsoni Buhl, 2014 (Togo)

    • Genus Trichacis Förster, 1856

  • Subfamily SCELIOTRACHELINAE

Comments

The classification presented here follows Masner (1993) with minor updates e.g. Taekal et al. (2014) transferred Psix and Paratelenomus from Telenominae to Scelioninae. A comprehensive phylogenetic assessment based on both morphological and molecular data to formulate a revised classification of Platygastroidea is still required. Murphy et al. (2007) conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the entire Platygastroidea in which the Platygastridae was supported as a monophyletic group nested within Scelionidae. As a result the Scelionidae were retrieved as polyphyletic, but the classification was not revised because of low support for many of the deeper nodes in the cladogram, and inadequate taxon sampling (less than a quarter of the valid genera in the superfamily were included in their analyses). Based on the results of Murphy et al. (2007), Sharkey (2007) formally synonymised Scelionidae with Platygastridae. Subsequently McKellar & Engel (2012) raised the tribes Sparasionini and Nixonini to family level and recognized four families: Nixoniidae, Sparasionidae, Scelionidae and Platygastridae, but in Ortega-Blanca et al. (2014) they treated placement of these two tribes within the Platygastroidea as incertae sedis recognizing only two families: Scelionidae and Platygastridae. These higher classification changes made by Sharkey (2007) and McKellar & Engel (2012) have largely not been accepted (Talamas & Buffington, 2015; Popovici et al. 2017) and until robust phylogenetic data is published the classification of Masner (1993) is followed.

References

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Buhl PN. 1997. Four new species of Platygastrinae (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae). Entomofauna, Zeitschrift für Entomologie 18: 93–100.
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Masner L. & Huggert, L. 1989. World review and keys to genera of the subfamily Inostemmatinae with reassignment of the taxa to the Platygastrinae and Sceliotrachelinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 147: 1-214.

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Ortega-Blanco, J., McKellar, R.C. & Engel, M.S. 2014. Diverse scelionid wasps in Early Cretaceous amber from Spain (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea). Bulletin of Geosciences 89: 553–571.

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Talamas EJ, Buffington ML 2015. Fossil Platygastroidea in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 47: 1–52. doi: 10.3897/JHR.47.5730

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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