HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits

Leptopilina Förster

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae; Subfamily: Eucoilinae)

Leptopilina Förster, 1869.

Leptopilina species (Kenya)

Leptopilina africana (Kieffer, 1911b) (Rwanda)

Leptopilina apella Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar)

Leptopilina ashmeadi Dalla Torre & Kieffer

Leptopilina atraticeps (Kieffer, 1911b) (Nigeria, Seychelles)

Leptopilina australis (Belizin, 1966)

Leptopilina boulardi (Barbotin, Carton & Kelner-Pillault, 1979) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Republic of Congo, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe; worldwide distributed species)

Leptopilina cavernicola (Kieffer, 1913b) (Tanzania)

Leptopilina clavipes (Hartig, 1841)


Leptopilina decemflagella Lue & Buffington, 2016 (USA)

Leptopilina drosophilae (Kieffer, 1913c) (Guinea)

Leptopilina dulcis (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar)

Leptopilina fannius Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Leptopilina faunus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Leptopilina fenerivae (Kieffer, 1910c) (Madagascar)

Leptopilina fimbriata (Kieffer, 1901a) (Palearctic species, also recorded from Afrotropical region)

Leptopilina freyae Allemand & Nordlander, 2002 (Benin, Gambia, Kenya)

Leptopilina guineaensis Allemand & Nordlander, 2002 (Benin, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Reunion, South Africa, Sao Tomé)

Leptopilina heterotoma (Thomson, 1862) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, St. Helena; worldwide distributed species)

Leptopilina itys Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)


Leptopilina japonica japonica Novković & Kimura, 2011 (Japan)


Leptopilina japonica japonica Novković & Kimura, 2011 (Taiwan)

Leptopilina lasallei Buffington and Guerrieri, 2020 (China)


Leptopilina leipsi Lue & Buffington, 2016 (USA)


Leptopilina longipes (Hartig, 1841)


Leptopilina mahensis (Kieffer, 1911c) (Seychelles)


Leptopilina maia Lue & Buffington, 2016 (USA)


Leptopilina minuta Ashmead

Leptopilina misensus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda)

Leptopilina orientalis Allemand & Nordlander, 2002 (Comoros, Madagascar, Réunion)

Leptopilina pacifica Novković & Kimura, 2011 (Indonesia, Japan)

Leptopilina pisonis Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Leptopilina syphax Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Leptopilina thetus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa)

Leptopilina vesta Quinlan, 1988 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

Leptopilina victoriae Nordlander, 1980 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, South Africa, Uganda. Also Oriental: Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand)


Worldwide. Afrotropical records: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Nigeria, Seychelles, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe (Quinlan 1986), Benin, Comoros, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mauritius, Republic of Congo, Reunion, Sao Tomé (Allemand et al. 2002), Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Malawi, Rwanda, St Helena, Tanzania, Yemen (van Noort et al., 2015).


Well-known for attacking Drosophilidae in various habitats (van Alphen et al. 1991; Buffington 2007; Buffington et al. 2012; Girod et al. 2018; Lee et al. 2009; Novkovic et al. 2011; etc), including in Africa (Allemand et al. 2002; Nordlander 1980).


Allemand, R., C. Lemaitre, F. Frey, M. Bouletreau, F. Vavre, G. Nordlander, J. van Alphen and Y. Carton. 2002. Phylogeny of six African Leptopilina species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea, Figitidae), parasitoids of Drosophila, with description of three new species. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 38: 319–332.

Buffington, M. L. 2007. The occurrence and phylogenetic implications of the ovipositor clip within the Figitidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). J. Nat. His. 41: 2267–2282.

Buffington, M. L., S. Brady, S. Morita, and S. van Noort. 2012. Divergence estimates and early evolutionary history of Figitidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Systematic Entomology 37: 287–304.
Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. 2020. World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera):a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(4): 1–69. https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa003

Buffington ML, Giorgini M, Lue C-H, Formisano G, Cascone P, Forshage M, Driskell A & Guerrieri E. 2020. Description of the aberrant Leptopilina lasallei n. sp., with an updated phylogeny of Leptopilina Förster (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae). Journal of Natural History 54: 565-583. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2020.1754483

Girod, P., Lierhmann, O., Urvois, T., Turlings, T., Kenis, M., & Haye, T. 2018. Host specificity of Asian parasitoids for potential classical biological control of Drosophila suzukii. Journal of pest science, 91(4), 1241–1250. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-018-1003-z

Lue, C. H., A. Driskell, J. Leips, and M. L. Buffington. 2016. Review of the genus Leptopilina (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae, Eucoilinae) from the Eastern United States, including three newly described species. J. Hym. Res. 53: 35–76.

Nordlander, G. 1980. Revision of the genus Leptopilina Förster, 1869, with notes on the status of some other genera (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Eucoilidae). Entomol. Scan. 11: 428–453.

Novkovic, B., H. Mitsui, A. Suwito, and M. T. Kimura. 2011. Taxonomy and phylogeny of Leptopilina species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae) attacking frugivorous drosophilid flies in Japan, with description of three new species. Entomological Science 14: 333–346.

Quinlan, J. 1986. A key to the Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera), with a revision of certain genera. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomology) 52, 243–366.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353



Photographs © Warren H. L. Wong (Simon Fraser University, BC, Canada), or

© Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2024 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter