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Figitidae

Classification and checklist of Afrotropical figitid wasps

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea)

Identification keys

  • Subfamily Anacharitinae

  • Subfamily Aspicerinae

    • Genus Anacharoides Cameron, 1904

      • Anacharoides nicknacki Buffington & van Noort, 2009 (Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

      • Anacharoides pallida Quinlan, 1979 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Also in Palaearctic region: Spain (Canary Islands)

      • Anacharoides paragi Benoit, 1956 (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Uganda)

      • Anacharoides quadrus Quinlan, 1979 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe)

      • Anacharoides rufus (Kieffer, 1912) (South Africa)

      • Anacharoides striaticeps Cameron, 1904 (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe)

      • Anacharoides stygius Benoit, 1956 (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Nigeria, Tanzania)

    • Genus Aspicera Dahlbom, 1842

    • Genus Melanips Walker in Haliday, 1835

      • Melanips alienus Giraud, 1860 (Kenya, Yemen; extralimital distribution: widespread in Europe and North Africa)

    • Genus Prosaspicera Kieffer, 1907

      • Prosaspicera antennata (Benoit, 1956) (Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Prosaspicera optiva Quinlan, 1979 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia)

      • Prosaspicera paragicida (Benoit, 1956) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia)

      • Prosaspicera tropica (Kieffer, 1910) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

  • Subfamily Charipinae

    • Genus Alloxysta Förster, 1869

      • Alloxysta antananarivoi Ferrer-Suay & Pujade-Villar, 2012 (Burundi, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Zimbabwe)

      • Alloxysta antsirananae Ferrer-Suay & Pujade-Villar, 2012 (Madagascar, Zimbabwe)

      • Alloxysta arcuata (Kieffer, 1902) (Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe). Also Palaearctic and Neotropical regions.

      • Alloxysta brevis (Thomson, 1862) (Zimbabwe). Also Palaearctic and Neotropical regions.

      • Alloxysta citripes (Thomson, 1862) (South Africa). Cosmopolitan.

      • Alloxysta fuscicornis (Hartig, 1841) Afrotropical Region (Kenya, South Africa). Cosmopolitan.

      • Alloxysta hendrickxi (Benoit, 1956) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Zimbabwe)

      • Alloxysta mullensis (Cameron, 1883) (Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe). Also Palaearctic and Neotropical regions.

      • Alloxysta pilipennis (Hartig, 1840) (Zimbabwe). Also Palaearctic and Neotropical regions.

    • Genus Apocharips Fergusson, 1986

    • Genus Dilyta Förster, 1869

      • Dilyta africana (Benoit, 1956) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Dilyta australafricana Paretas-Martínez & Pujade-Villar, 2009 (South Africa)

      • Dilyta camerounensis Lebel & Modeste, 2007 (Cameroon)

      • Dilyta ghanana Paretas-Martínez, Pujade-Villar & Melika, 2009 (Ghana)

      • Dilyta kenyana Paretas-Martínez & Pujade-Villar, 2009 (Kenya)

      • Dilyta paretasmartinezi (Pujade-Villar & Ferrer-Suay, 2012) (Madagascar)

      • Dilyta somaliana Paretas-Martínez, Pujade-Villar & Evenhuis, 2009 (Botswana, Somalia, South Africa)

      • Dilyta subclavata Förster, 1869 (Madagascar).

    • Genus Phaenoglyphis Förster, 1869

  • Subfamily Emargininae

  • Subfamily Eucoilinae

    • Genus Afrodontaspis Weld, 1961

    • Genus Afrostilba Benoit, 1956

      • Afrostilba advena (Quinlan, 1986) (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

      • Afrostilba bucca (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia)

      • Afrostilba compressa (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

      • Afrostilba conversa (Quinlan, 1986) (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

      • Afrostilba dubia (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa)

      • Afrostilba fetura (Quinlan, 1986) (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, ZNigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, imbabwe)

      • Afrostilba furcula (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

      • Afrostilba lacerta (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast)

      • Afrostilba lana (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Afrostilba latesulcatum (Benoit, 1956) (Rwanda)

      • Afrostilba marcellus (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Mauritius, )

      • Afrostilba nitida Benoit, 1956 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

      • Afrostilba pallida (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Yemen)

      • Afrostilba parma (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Nigeria)

      • Afrostilba perangusta (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

      • Afrostilba trulla (Quinlan, 1986) (Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa)

      • Afrostilba tyrus (Quinlan, 1986) (Cameroon)

      • Afrostilba urundiensis (Benoit, 1956) (Burundi, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

      • Afrostilba utica (Quinlan, 1988) (Ivory Coast, Nigeria)

    • Genus Aganaspis Lin, 1987

      • Aganaspis daci (Weld, 1951)

    • Genus Angustacorpa Quinlan, 1988

      • Angustacorpa apsus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya)

      • Angustacorpa persa Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Angustacorpa prodicus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Angustacorpa triton Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

    • Genus Bothrochacis Cameron, 1904

      • Bothrochacis bantia (Quinlan, 1988) (Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gambia, Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

      • Bothrochacis erinna (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya)

      • Bothrochacis erythropoda Cameron, 1904 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania)

      • Bothrochacis marina (Quinlan, 1988) (Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)

      • Bothrochacis rufiventris (Kieffer, 1913) (Kenya)

      • Bothrochacis septenaria Belizin, 1973 (Ethiopia)

      • Bothrochacis serratepilosa Benoit, 1956 (Rwanda)

      • Bothrochacis veleda (Quinlan, 1988) (Botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe)

    • Genus Cothonaspis Hartig, 1840

      • Cothonaspis dulcis Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar)

      • Cothonaspis ealis Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa)

    • Genus Didyctium Riley, 1879

      • Didyctium species (Gabon)

    • Genus Ealata Quinlan, 1986

      • Ealata clava Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mauritius, Principé, South Africa, Uganda)

      • Ealata marica Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Ealata saba Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe)

    • Genus Endecameris Yoshimoto, 1963

    • Genus Ganaspidium Weld, 1955

      • Ganaspidium species (South Africa)

    • Genus Ganaspis Förster, 1869

      • Ganaspis mahensis Kieffer, 1911 (Seychelles)

      • Ganaspis ruandana (Benoit, 1956) (Rwanda)

      • Ganaspis xanthopoda (Ashmead, 1896)

    • Genus Garudella Buffington and Forshage, 2014

    • Genus Gastraspis Lin, 1988

    • Genus Gronotoma Förster, 1869

      • Gronotoma extraria (Quinlan, 1986) (Madagascar)

      • Gronotoma leptis (Quinlan, 1986) (Cameroon)

      • Gronotoma mauri (Quinlan, 1986) (South Africa)

      • Gronotoma parvula Kieffer, 1910 (Madagascar)

      • Gronotoma seychellensis Kieffer, 1911 (Madagascar)

    • Genus Hexacola Förster, 1869

      • Hexacola absensa Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola amantia Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola atropos Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola bifarium Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Hexacola camerounensis (Risbec, 1956) (Cameroon)

      • Hexacola compactum Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola fringa Quinlan, 1986 (Zimbabwe)

      • Hexacola hexatoma (Hartig, 1841) (England, Germany, Uganda)

      • Hexacola muhavura (Benoit, 1956) (Rwanda)

      • Hexacola octoclavum Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola pallidum Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola quinqueclavatum Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Madagascar, Nigeria,  Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Hexacola quisnama Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola septemium Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Hexacola zama Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

    • Genus Kleidotoma Westwood, 1833

      • Kleidotoma africana Kieffer, 1910 (Rwanda)

      • Kleidotoma arbitra Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Kleidotoma bifurcata Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma conica Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma distenda Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma eala Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma elongula Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Kleidotoma erebus Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma favus Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo,  Zimbabwe)

      • Kleidotoma fimbriata Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma montana Kieffer, 1910 (Rwanda) Species incertae sedis (Quinlan 1986)

      • Kleidotoma morsum Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma nigrans Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma nitidiuscula Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Kleidotoma norma Quinlan, 1986 (Zimbabwe)

      • Kleidotoma strigosa Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Kenya, Nigeria,  Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Kleidotoma ventosus Quinlan, 1986 (Ethiopia, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

    • Genus Leptolamina Yoshimoto, 1962

      • Leptolamina casca (Quinlan, 1988) (Seychelles)

      • Leptolamina floccus (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptolamina orbilus (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptolamina scyphus (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

      • Leptolamina seychellensis (Kieffer, 1911a) (Seychelles)

      • Leptolamina silenus (Quinlan, 1988) (Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptolamina sinis (Quinlan, 1988) (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptolamina spio (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptolamina steropes (Quinlan, 1988) (Kenya, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptolamina syrinx (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa)

      • Leptolamina syrtes (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

    • Genus Leptopilina Förster, 1869

      • Leptopilina africana (Kieffer, 1911b) (Rwanda)

      • Leptopilina apella Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar)

      • Leptopilina atraticeps (Kieffer, 1911b) (Nigeria, Seychelles)

      • Leptopilina boulardi (Barbotin, Carton & Kelner-Pillault, 1979) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Republic of Congo, Seychelles, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe; worldwide distributed species)

      • Leptopilina cavernicola (Kieffer, 1913b) (Tanzania)

      • Leptopilina drosophilae (Kieffer, 1913c) (Guinea)

      • Leptopilina dulcis (Quinlan, 1988) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar)

      • Leptopilina fannius Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptopilina faunus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptopilina fenerivae (Kieffer, 1910c) (Madagascar)

      • Leptopilina fimbriata (Kieffer, 1901a) (Palearctic species, also recorded from Afrotropical region)

      • Leptopilina freyae Allemand & Nordlander, 2002 (Benin, Gambia, Kenya)

      • Leptopilina guineaensis Allemand & Nordlander, 2002 (Benin, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Reunion, South Africa, Sao Tomé)

      • Leptopilina heterotoma (Thomson, 1862) (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar; worldwide distributed species)

      • Leptopilina itys Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Leptopilina mahensis (Kieffer, 1911c) (Seychelles)

      • Leptopilina misensus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda)

      • Leptopilina orientalis Allemand & Nordlander, 2002 (Comoros, Madagascar, Reunion)

      • Leptopilina pisonis Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptopilina syphax Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptopilina thetus Quinlan, 1988 (Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa)

      • Leptopilina vesta Quinlan, 1988 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Leptopilina victoriae Nordlander, 1980 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, South Africa, Uganda)

    • Genus Linoeucoila Lin, 1988

    • Genus Micreriodes Yoshimoto, 1962

    • Genus Muhaka Buffington & Copeland, 2015

    • Genus Nanocthulhu Buffington, 2012

    • Genus Nordlanderia Quinlan, 1986

      • Nordlanderia acis Quinlan, 1986 (Namibia, South Africa)

      • Nordlanderia pallida Quinlan, 1986 (Ghana, South Africa)

      • Nordlanderia phaedrae Buffington, 2010 (Yemen)

      • Nordlanderia plowa Quinlan, 1986 (Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

    • Genus Paradiglyphosema Lin, 1988

    • Genus Rhoptromeris Förster, 1869

      • Rhoptromeris abba Quinlan, 1986 (Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris afer Quinlan, 1986 (Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris agis Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris attis Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris bicolor Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Rhoptromeris bupalus Quinlan, 1986 (Kenya, Reunion, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Rhoptromeris cepheus Quinlan, 1986 (Kenya)

      • Rhoptromeris connatus Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris crito Quinlan, 1986 (Madagascar)

      • Rhoptromeris cubitalis Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris diversa Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris enna Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris equalis Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris hebe Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris heptoma (Hartig, 1840) (South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris navius Quinlan, 1986 (Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe)

      • Rhoptromeris naxos Quinlan, 1986 (Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris oeta Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris pagasa Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris pallidus Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris persius Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris punctata Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris rufulus Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris rutshuris Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris rwanki Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris sinis Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris temesa Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris thales Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris velia Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris zetes Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Rhoptromeris zeus Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

    • Genus Stentorceps Quinlan, 1984

    • Genus Trichoplasta Benoit ,1956

      • Trichoplasta bicolor Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa)

      • Trichoplasta brevispina (Masner, 1960) (Kenya, Zimbabwe)

      • Trichoplasta conica Quinlan, 1986 (Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta contrasta Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta equalis Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta extensus Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta filiformis Quinlan, 1986 (South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta gracilicornis (Kieffer, 1910) (South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta longispina (Masner, 1960) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta medlia Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta narrata Quinlan, 1986 (Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta novema Quinlan, 1986 (Uganda Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta octonarius Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta quinclava Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta rufus Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar)

      • Trichoplasta tanganyikensis (Weld, 1944) (Cameroon, Rwanda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta testacea Quinlan, 1986 (Nigeria)

      • Trichoplasta unicolora Quinlan, 1986 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

      • Trichoplasta zeus Quinlan, 1986 (Cameroon)

    • Genus Trybliographa Förster, 1869

  • Subfamily Figitinae

  • Subfamily Pycnostigminae

References

Ashmead, W.H. 1900. Notes on some New Zealand and Australian Parasitic Hymenoptera, with descriptions of new genera and new species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 25: 327–360.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitidae - Aspicerinae nouveaux du Congo Belge. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 195-204.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitinae nouveaux du Congo Belge (Cynip.-Figitidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 377–384.

Buffington, M.L. 2012. Description of Nanocthulhu lovecrafti, a preternatural new genus and species of Trichoplastini (Figitidae: Eucoilinae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 114(1): 5-15.

Buffington, M.L. & van Noort, S. 2007. A world revision of Pycnostigminae (Cynipoidea: Figitidae) with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa 1392: 1-30.

Cameron, P. 1904. Descriptions of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from Dunbrody, Cape Colony. Records of the Albany Museum 1: 125-160.

Cameron, P. 1905. A new genus and species of Cynipidae from South Africa, representing a new subfamily. Annals and Magazines of Natural History, Series 7, 16,  20-21.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2012. First record of Alloxysta Förster from Madagascar, with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae). African Entomology 20: 222-228.

Ferrer-Suay, M., Selfa, J., Pujade-Villar, J. 2013. A review of Alloxysta species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae: Charipinae) from Africa. African Entomology 21: 255266.

Fontal-Cazalla, F. M., Buffington, M. L., Nordlander, G., Liljeblad, J.,

Ros-Farré, P., Nieves-Aldrey, J. L., Pujade-Villar, J. & Ronquist, F. 2002. Phylogeny of the Eucoilinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae). Cladistics 18, 154–199.

Förster, A. 1869. Ueber die Gallwespen. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 19: 327-370.

Jiménez, M., Paretas-Martínez J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2008. Revision of Xyalophora Kieffer and description of Xyalophoroides gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Figitinae). European Journal of Entomology 105: 751–769.

Mata-Casanova, N., Pujade-Villar, J. 2013. Acanthaegilopsis malagasy gen. n. and sp. n. of Anacharitinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae) from Madagascar and the Comoros. African Entomology 21(1): 161–164.

Mata-Casanova N,  Selfa J  & Pujade-Villar J. 2014. Description of two new species of Anacharitinae (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) from the Afrotropical region. African Entomology 22: 545-551. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4001/003.022.0312

Mata-Casanova N, Selfa J & Pujade-Villar J. 2015. Description of two new species of Anacharis Dalman, 1823 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae, Anacharitinae) from the Afrotropical Region. African Entomology 23: 314–320. http://dx.doi.org/10.4001/003.023.0222

Mata-Casanova N, Selfa J & Pujade-Villar J. 2017. Revision of the current knowledge of genus Aegilips Haliday, 1835 (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Anacharitinae) in the Afrotropical Region, with description of three new species. African Entomology 25: 62 – 67. http://dx.doi.org/10.4001/003.025.0062

Paretas-Martínez, J., Arnedo, M.A., Melika, G., Selfa, J., Seco-Fernández, M.V., Fülöp, D., Pujade-Villar, J. 2007. Phylogeny of the parasitic wasp subfamily Charipinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae) Zoologica Scripta 36: 153–172.

Paretas-Martinez, J.; Melika, G.; Pujade-Villar, J. 2009. Description of four new species of Dilyta Förster (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Charipinae) from the Afrotropical Region. African Entomology 17: 207-214.

Pujade-Villar, J. 2012. Anacharis madagascarensis sp. n., first record of Anacharitinae from Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae). African Entomology 20: 119-123.

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Ethiopian Zoogeographical Region. Aspicerinae (Figitidae) and Oberthuerellinae (Liopteridae). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Entomology) 39: 85-133.

Quinlan, J. 1986. A key to the Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera), with a revision of certain genera. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomology) 52, 243–366.

Quinlan, J. 1988. A revision of some Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomology) 56, 171–229.

Quinlan, J. & Evenhuis, H. H. 1980. Status of the subfamily names Charipinae and Alloxystinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Systematic Entomology 5: 427–430.

Ronquist, F. 1995. Phylogeny and classification of the Liopteridae, an archaic group of cynipoid wasps (Hymenoptera). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 46: 1-74.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139–164.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2014. Review of Afrotropical Figitinae (Figitidae, Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera) with the first records of Neralsia and Lonchidia for the region. ZooKeys 453: 37–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.453.8511

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

Yoshimoto, C.M. 1962. Insects of Micronesia, Hymenoptera: Eucoilinae (Cynipoidea). Insects of Micronesia 19: 89-107.

Yoshimoto, C.M. 1963. The genera Leptolamina and Maacynips, n. gen. from the Papuan subregion (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea, Eucoilinae) Pacific Insects 5: 513-517.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2017. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org.za (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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