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Epyrine wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chrysidoidea; Family: Bethylidae)



Calyozina Enderlein, 1912

Disepyris Kieffer, 1905
Epyris Westwood, 1832
Holepyris Kieffer, 1905
Laelius Kieffer, 1905


Messoria Meunier, 1916


Rhabdepyris Kieffer, 1904

Trachepyris Kieffer, 1905 




Parasitoids of beetle larvae (Coleoptera) feeding in concealed situations.


Amante M, Schöller M, Hardy ICW, Russo A. 2017. Reproductive biology of Holepyris sylvanidis (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae). Biological Control 106: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.12.004.

Amante M, Schöller M, Suma P, Russo A. 2017. Bethylids attacking stored-product pests: an overview. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 163: 251–264. https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12587

Ashmead WH. 1893. A monograph of the North American Proctotrypidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum of Washington 45: 463.

Azevedo CO, Garcia R, Gobbi FT & van Noort S. 2015. Insecta, Hymenoptera, Bethylidae: range extension and filling gaps in Central African Republic. Check List 11: 1-4.

Azevedo CO, van Noort S & Notton DG. 2018. Rediscovery of Disepyris semiruber (Kieffer) comb. nov. (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) in Southern Africa, with first description of its male. Journal of Natural History 52:23-24, 1537-1549, DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2018.1478997 https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2018.1478997

Azevedo CO, Alencar IDCCA, Ramos MS, Barbosa DN, Colombo WD, Vargas JMR, Lim J. 2018. Global guide of the flat wasps (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae). Zootaxa 4489:1–294. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4489.1.1

Barbosa DN & Azevedo CO. 2009. Laelius Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Madagascar, with description of two new species. Zootaxa 2170: 1 – 14.

Benoit, P.L.G.  1957.  Un nouveau Sclerodermus vulnérant pur l'homme en Afrique Centrale (Hymenoptera- Bethylidae).  Soc. Roy. d'Ent. de Belg. Bull & Ann. 93(-2):  42-6.

Benoit, P.L.G.  1957.  Hymenoptera - Bethylidae.  Exploration du Parc National Albert.  Mission G. F. De Witte, 1933-1935.  Bruxelles. Inst. des Parcs Nationaux de Congo Belge, Fascicule 88:  1-57.

Gordh, G. & L. Móczár, 1990. A catalog of the World Bethylidae (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Mem. Amer. Ent. Inst., (46): 1-364.

Finnamore, A.T. & Brothers, D.J. 1993. Superfamily Chrysidoidea (pp. 130-160). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Kieffer, J.J.  1905.  Description de nouveaux Proctotrypides exotiques avec une planche et und figure dans le ltexte.  Soc. Scient. de Bruxelles. Ann. 29(2):  95-142.

Kieffer, J.J. 1910. Description de nouveaux Bethylides (Hymen.). Ann. Soc. Ent. France 79: 136-140.

Kieffer, J.J. 1911. Nynipides et Béthylides et Dryinides exotiques du British Museum de Londres. Societe Scientifique de Bruxelles. Anales. 35: 200-233, 19 figures.

Kieffer, JJ. 1912. No. IV. –Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Series 2. 15: 45–80. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1912.tb00089.x.

Krombein, K. V. 1990. Systematic Notes on Some Bethylidae From Botswana: Epyrinae (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 92: 98-105.

Lim J, Azevedo CO. 2014. Five new species of Disepyris Kieffer, 1905 (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae), with emended generic diagnosis. Zootaxa. 3900: 526–540. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3900.4.4.

Turner, R. E. 1928. New Hymenoptera of the family Bethylidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 1: 129-152.


Photographs © Cecília Waichert & Celso O. Azevedo, or photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or photographs © Celso Azevedo & Diego Barbosa (Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitoria, Brazil).

  Next subfamily: Mesitiinae

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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