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Eurytoma erythrinae Gates & Delvare

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Eurytomidae; Genus: Eurytoma)

Eurytoma erythrinae Gates & Delvare, 2008.

Distribution Afrotropical region: Tanzania, Ghana, and South Africa.
Biology Probably a parasitoid of one or more of the gall forming eulophid wasps infesting leaves, petioles and twigs of Coral trees (Erythrina sp., Fabaceae). Three described species of Aprostocetus and 4 described species of Quadrastichus are associated with Erythrina galls (Prinsloo & Kelly 2009). Both Aprostocetus exertus and Eurytoma erythrinae have the potential to act as biocontrol agents of the Erythina Gall Wasp Quadrastichus erythrinae, which is rapidly spreading around the world (La Salle et al. 2009).

References

Gates, M. & Delvare, G. 2008. A new species of Eurytoma (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) attacking Quadrastichus spp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) galling Erythrina spp. (Fabaceae), with a summary of African Eurytoma biology and species checklist. Zootaxa 175: 124.

Kim, I.-K., Delvare, G. & La Salle, J. 2004. A new species of Quadrastichus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): a gall inducing pest on Erythrina spp. (Fabaceae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 13: 243249.

La Salle, J., Ramadan, M. & Kumashiro, B.R. 2009. A new parasitoid of the Erythrina Gall Wasp, Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Zootaxa 2083: 1926.

Lotfalizadeh, H., Delvare, G., & Rasplus, J.-Y. 2007. Phylogenetic analysis of Eurytominae (Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) based on morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 151, 441510.

Prinsloo, G. L. & Kelly, J.A. 2009. The tetrastichine wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae) associated with galls on Erythrina species (Fabaceae) in South Africa, with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 2083: 2745.

Credits

Photographs Charles Griffiths (University of Cape Town).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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