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Trichogrammatid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)



Aphelinoidea Girault, 1911


Bloodiella Novicky 1935


Brachygrammatella Girault, 1915  


Chaetogramma Doutt, 1975  


Chaetostricha Walker, 1851   

Kyuwia Pinto & George, 2004

Epoligosita Girault, 1916  

  Haeckeliania Girault, 1912
  Hayatia Viggiani, 1982

Lathromeris Förster, 1856   


Lathromeromyia Girault 1914


Megaphragma Timberlake, 1924


Microcaetiscus (Ghesquičre, 1946)  


Oligosita Walker, 1851   


Oligositoides Doutt 1968


Paracentrobia Howard, 1897   


Paratrichogramma Girault 1912

Poropoea Foerster, 1851
  Probrachista Viggiani, 1968
  Pseudoligosita Girault, 1913

Trichogramma Westwood, 1833   

Trichogrammatoidea Girault, 1911


Tumidiclava Girault, 1911


Ufensia Girault, 1913


Uscana Girault, 1911   


Xiphogramma Novicky 1940



Diversity Worldwide: 800 described species in about 84 genera. Estimated total of 4000 species worldwide. Trichogrammatidae contain some of the smallest insects with a total adult length ranging from a paltry fifth of a millimeter to 1.5mm.
Biology Parasitoids of eggs of other insects (most commonly Hemiptera, but Coleoptera and Lepidoptera eggs are also parasitized).


Berg, M.A. van den; Newton, P.J.; Deacon, V.E. and Crause, C. 1987. Dispersal of Trichogrammatoidea cryptophlebiae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), and egg parasitoid of the false codling moth Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Tortricidae) in an empty habitat. Phytophylactica. 19(4): 515-516.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Burks R, Mitroiu M-D, Fusu L, Heraty JM, Janšta P, Heydon S, Papilloud ND-S, Peters RS, Tselikh EV, Woolley JB, van Noort S, Baur H, Cruaud A, Darling C, Haas M, Hanson P, Krogmann L, Rasplus J-Y. 2022. From hell’s heart I stab at thee! A determined approach to rendering Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) monophyletic. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 94:13-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.94.94263

Cruaud A, Rasplus J-Y, Zhang J, Burks R, Delvare G, Fusu L, Gibson GAP, Gumovsky A, Hanson P, Huber JT, Janšta P, Mitroiu M-D, Noyes JS, van Noort S, Baker A, Böhmová J, Baur H, Blaimer BB, Brady SG, Bubeníková K, Chartois M, Copeland RS, Dale-Skey Papilloud N, Dal Molin A, Darling C, Dominguez C, Fisher N, Gates MW, Gebiola M, Guerrieri E, Haas M, Hansson C, Heydon S, Kresslein RL, Krogmann L, Moriarty Lemmon E, Mottern J, Murray E, Nidelet S, Nieves Aldrey JL, Perry R, Peters RS, Pinto JD, Polaszek A, Sauné L, Schmidt S, Torréns J, Triapitsyn S, Tselikh EV, Ubaidillah R, Yoder M, Lemmon A, Woolley JB, Heraty JM. 2024. The Chalcidoidea bush of life – Evolutionary history of a massive radiation of minute wasps. Cladistics 40: 34-63. http://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12561

Chambers, B.Q., Samways, M.J. and Ironside, D.A. 1995. Egg distribution of the fruit borers Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyrick) and C. batrochopa (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and their egg parasitoid Trichogrammatoidea cryptophlebiae Nagaraja (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in macadamia trees in Malawi. African Entomology. 3(2): 181-188.

Foerster, A. 1851. Eine Centurie neuer Hymenopteren. Vierte und fünfte Dekade. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, Bonn 8: 1-42, 1 plate.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Laudonia S, Viggiani G, Biondi S. 2017. A new species of Poropoea Foerster from Africa (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Trichogrammatidae). ZooKeys 658: 81–87. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.658.11501

Nagaraja, H. 1979. Studies on Trichogrammatoidea (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Oriental Insects 12(4): 489-530.

Pinto, J.D. & George, J. 2004. Kyuwia, a new genus of Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera) from Africa. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 106: 531-539.

Prinsloo, G.L. 1984. An illustrated guide to the parasitic wasps associated with citrus pests in the Republic of South Africa. Science Bulletin, Department of Agriculture, Republic of South Africa 402:

UCD Community. 2023. Universal Chalcidoidea Database Website. https://ucd.chalcid.org.

Viggiani, G. 2019. New genera, species, and records of Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 161-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/fe.2019.377


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Stefania Laudonia & Gennaro Viggiani (University of Naples Federico II).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2024 Iziko Museums of South Africa

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