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Signiphorid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)



Chartocerus Motschulsky, 1859

Signiphora Ashmead, 1880


Thysanus Walker, 1840

Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Parasitoids or hyperparasitoids of aphids, psyllids, mealybugs, scale insects and flies.


Ashmead, W.H. 1880. Orange Insects: A Treatise on the Injurious and Beneficial Insects found on the Orange Trees of Florida. Ashmead Bros, Jacksonville, FL, 78 pp.
Ashmead, W. H. 1900. On the genera of the chalcid-flies belonging to the subfamily Encyrtinae. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 22: 323–412.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Brčthes, J. 1914. I.-Les Ennemis de la "Diaspis Pentagona" dans La Republique Argentine. Nunquam Otiosus 1–16. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.23608

Burks R, Mitroiu M-D, Fusu L, Heraty JM, Janšta P, Heydon S, Papilloud ND-S, Peters RS, Tselikh EV, Woolley JB, van Noort S, Baur H, Cruaud A, Darling C, Haas M, Hanson P, Krogmann L, Rasplus J-Y. 2022. From hell’s heart I stab at thee! A determined approach to rendering Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) monophyletic. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 94:13-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.94.94263

Cruaud A, Rasplus J-Y, Zhang J, Burks R, Delvare G, Fusu L, Gibson GAP, Gumovsky A, Hanson P, Huber JT, Janšta P, Mitroiu M-D, Noyes JS, van Noort S, Baker A, Böhmová J, Baur H, Blaimer BB, Brady1 SG, Bubeníková K, Chartois M, Copeland RS, Dale-Skey Papilloud N, Dal Molin A, Darling C, Dominguez C, Fisher N, Gates MW, Gebiola M, Guerrieri E, Haas M, Hansson C, Heydon S, Kresslein RL, Krogmann L, Moriarty Lemmon E, Mottern J, Murray E, Nidelet S, Nieves Aldrey JL, Perry R, Peters RS, Pinto JD, Polaszek A, Sauné L, Schmidt S, Torréns J, Triapitsyn S, Tselikh EV, Ubaidillah R, Yoder M, Lemmon A, Woolley JB, Heraty JM. In press. The Chalcidoidea bush of life–a massive radiation blurred by mutational saturation. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.09.11.507458

Dozier, H.L. 1933. Miscellaneous notes and descriptions of chalcidoid parasites (Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 35: 85–100.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Girault, A.A. 1913. A Systematic Monograph of the Chalcidoid Hymenoptera of the subfamily Signiphorinae. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 45: 189–233.
Girault, A.A. 1915. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea—VII. The family Encyrtidae with descriptions of new genera and species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 4, 1–84.
Girault, A.A. 1916. New Encyrtidae from North America. Psyche 23: 41–50.
Girault, A.A. 1935. Microhymenoptera Australiensis Nova. Mostly Chalcididae. Privately printed, Wright & Baker, Sydney, pp. 2–4.
Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Malenotti, E. 1916. "Signiphora merceti" Malen. n. sp. Redia 12: 181–182.

Woolley, J.B. 1983. Higher classification of the Signiphoridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) and a revision of Signiphora Ashmead of the New World. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Riverside, 488 pp.
Woolley, J.B. 1986. Signiphoridae or Thysanidae? A review of a problem in family-level nomenclature (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 32: 91–96. https://doi.org/10.1093/besa/32.2.91
Woolley, J.B. 1988. Phylogeny and classification of the Signiphoridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Systematic Entomology 13: 465–501. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1988.tb00256.x
Woolley, J.B. 1990. Signiphoridae. In: Rosen, D. (Ed.), The Armored Scale Insects: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 167–176.
Woolley, J.B. 1997. Signiphoridae. In: Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T. & Woolley, J.B. (Eds.), Annotated Keys to the Genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). NRC Research Press, Ottawa, pp. 693–699.
Woolley, J.B. & Hanson, P. 2006. Familia Signiphoridae. In: Hanson, P. & Gauld, I.D. (Eds.), Hymenoptera de la Region Neotropical. Memories of the American Entomological Institute. Vol. 77. AEI, Gainesville, pp. 422–425.
Woolley, J.B. & Vet, L.E.M. 1981. Postovipositional web-spinning behavior in a hyperparasite, Signiphora coquilletti Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Signiphoridae). Netherlands Journal of Zoology 31: 627–633. https://doi.org/10.1163/002829681x00194

Woolley J.B., Dal Molin, A. 2017. Taxonomic revision of the flavopalliata species group of Signiphora (Hymenoptera: Signiphoridae). Zootaxa 4315: 1-150. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4315.1.1


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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