HomeWasp classificationExpeditionsLinksFigWebBiodiversity ExplorerPermits


Macromesid wasps of the World

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)


Macromesus Walker, 1848

Worldwide (but not yet recorded from the Neotropical region).

Biology Parasitoids of Scolytinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) developing in twigs of trees and shrubs (Bachmaier, 1973, Ghesquière, 1963).


Bachmaier, F. 1973. Systematische Stellung und Biologie der Gattung Macromesus Walker 1848 (Hym., Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae, Macromesinae). Veröffentlichungen der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München, 16, 51–68.

Bellows, T.S. and Meisenbacher, C. 2000. Biological control of giant whitefly, Aleurodicus dugesii, in California. California Conference on Biological Control II. The Historic Mission Inn Riverside, California, USA, 11-12 July, 2000, 113–116

Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea, a biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. 832 pp.

Burks R, Mitroiu M-D, Fusu L, Heraty JM, Janšta P, Heydon S, Papilloud ND-S, Peters RS, Tselikh EV, Woolley JB, van Noort S, Baur H, Cruaud A, Darling C, Haas M, Hanson P, Krogmann L, Rasplus J-Y. 2022. From hell’s heart I stab at thee! A determined approach to rendering Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) monophyletic. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 94:13-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.94.94263

Ghesquière, J. 1963. Le genre Macromesus Walker nouveau pour la faune Africaine (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea Pteromalidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines, 67, 81–90

Burks RA, Rasplus, J-Y. 2024. Macromesidae, Chapter 39 in J.M. Heraty and J.B. Woolley, Chalcidoidea of the World, CABI Press, Oxford, UK.

Cruaud A, Rasplus J-Y, Zhang J, Burks R, Delvare G, Fusu L, Gibson GAP, Gumovsky A, Hanson P, Huber JT, Janšta P, Mitroiu M-D, Noyes JS, van Noort S, Baker A, Böhmová J, Baur H, Blaimer BB, Brady SG, Bubeníková K, Chartois M, Copeland RS, Dale-Skey Papilloud N, Dal Molin A, Darling C, Dominguez C, Fisher N, Gates MW, Gebiola M, Guerrieri E, Haas M, Hansson C, Heydon S, Kresslein RL, Krogmann L, Moriarty Lemmon E, Mottern J, Murray E, Nidelet S, Nieves Aldrey JL, Perry R, Peters RS, Pinto JD, Polaszek A, Sauné L, Schmidt S, Torréns J, Triapitsyn S, Tselikh EV, Ubaidillah R, Yoder M, Lemmon A, Woolley JB, Heraty JM. 2024. The Chalcidoidea bush of life – Evolutionary history of a massive radiation of minute wasps. Cladistics 40: 34-63. http://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12561

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

LaSalle, J., Polaszek, A., Noyes, J.S. and Zolnerowich, G. 1997. A new whitefly parasitoid (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae: Eunotinae) with comments on its placement, and implications for classification of Chalcidoidea with particular reference to the Eriaporinae (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Systematic Entomology, 22(2), 131–150.

Myartseva, S.N. and Ruíz-Cancino, E. 2000. Redescription of Idioporus LaSalle et Polaszek, 1997 (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) from México with some data on female chalcidoids having a 4-segmented antennal club. Russian Entomological Journal, 9(3), 263–266.

Redak, R.A., Schoeller, E.N. and Kabashima, J.N. 2002. Giant whitefly. UC ANR Publication 7400. Available at http://ipm.ucanr.edu/PDF/PESTNOTES/pngiantwhitefly.pdf

Schoeller, E.N. and Redak, R.A. 2018. Host stage preferences of Encarsia noyesi, Idioporus affinis, and Entedononecremnus krauteri: parasitoids of the Giant Whitefly Aleurodicus dugesii (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Environmental Entomology, 47, 1493–1500. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvy129.

UCD Community. 2023. Universal Chalcidoidea Database Website. https://ucd.chalcid.org.


Photographs Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRAE).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

Copyright 2004-2024 Iziko Museums of South Africa

customisable counter