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Leucospid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)


Leucospis Fabricius, 1775

Micrapion Kriechbaumer, 1894

Neleucospis Bouček, 1974

Distribution Worldwide, predominantly in tropical and subtropical regions.
Biology Ectoparasitoids of solitary bees (Apidae) and wasps (Eumeninae and Sphecidae).


Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Bouček, Z. 1974. A revision of the Leucospidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the world. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology Supplement 23: 1-241.

Burks R, Mitroiu M-D, Fusu L, Heraty JM, Janšta P, Heydon S, Papilloud ND-S, Peters RS, Tselikh EV, Woolley JB, van Noort S, Baur H, Cruaud A, Darling C, Haas M, Hanson P, Krogmann L, Rasplus J-Y. 2022. From hell’s heart I stab at thee! A determined approach to rendering Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) monophyletic. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 94:13-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.94.94263

Cruaud A, Rasplus J-Y, Zhang J, Burks R, Delvare G, Fusu L, Gibson GAP, Gumovsky A, Hanson P, Huber JT, Janšta P, Mitroiu M-D, Noyes JS, van Noort S, Baker A, Böhmová J, Baur H, Blaimer BB, Brady1 SG, Bubeníková K, Chartois M, Copeland RS, Dale-Skey Papilloud N, Dal Molin A, Darling C, Dominguez C, Fisher N, Gates MW, Gebiola M, Guerrieri E, Haas M, Hansson C, Heydon S, Kresslein RL, Krogmann L, Moriarty Lemmon E, Mottern J, Murray E, Nidelet S, Nieves Aldrey JL, Perry R, Peters RS, Pinto JD, Polaszek A, Sauné L, Schmidt S, Torréns J, Triapitsyn S, Tselikh EV, Ubaidillah R, Yoder M, Lemmon A, Woolley JB, Heraty JM. In press. The Chalcidoidea bush of life–a massive radiation blurred by mutational saturation. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.09.11.507458

Gadallah N, Soliman A, Abu El-Ghiet, U, Elsheikh, T, Al Dhafer, H. 2018. The family Leucospidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from the South of Saudi Arabia, with the first report of the genus Micrapion and description of Leucospis arabica sp. nov.. Journal of Natural History 52: 2071-2096. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2018.1510557.

Gess F.W. 1981. Some aspects of an ethological study of the aculeate wasps and the bees of
a karroid area in the vicinity of Grahamstown, South Africa. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums, Natural History 14 (1): 1-80.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Kirby, W.F. 1883. Remarks on the genera of the subfamily Chalcidinae, with synonymic notes and descriptions of new species of Leucospidinae and Chalcidinae. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 17 (98): 53-78, pls 3, 4.

Kirby, W.F. 1900. Expedition to Sokotra XII: descriptions of the new species of Hymenoptera. Bulletin of the Liverpool Museums 3 (1): 13-24.
Kirby, W.F. 1903. Arthropoda. Insecta: Hymenoptera. In: Forbes H.O. (ed.), The Natural History of Sokotra and Abd-El-Kuri: 233-260, pls 15, 16.
Klug F.F. 1834. Symbolae physicae, seu icones et descriptiones insectorum, quae in itinere per Africam borealem et Asiam occidentalem Friderici Guilelmi Hemprich et Christiani Godofredi Ehrenberg, studio, novae aut illustratae redierunt. Pars Zoologica. Insecta. 4. Berlin (G. Reimer): pls 31-40.

Madl, M. & Schwarz, M. 2012. Catalogue and faunistics of the family Leucospidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of the Ethiopian region excluding Malagasy subregion. Linzer biologische Beiträge 44: 1221-1235.

Rasplus, J.-Y. 1987. Leucospidae récoltés à Lamto (Cote d’Ivoire). Descriptions des mâles de Leucospis reversa Bouček et Neleucospis masculina Bouček. Revue Française d’Entomologie, Nouvelle Série 9 (4): 172-175.

Schulthess-Schindler, A. de. 1899. La faune entomologique du Delagoa. Hymenoptères. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 35 (132): 249-277.

Weaving, A.J.S. 1994. Notes on nesting behavour in two Afrotropical auplopine wasps Auplopus vitripennis Smith and A. femoralis (Arnold) (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae). Entomologist 113 (2): 140-153.
Weaving A.J.S. 1995. A comparison of nesting success and nesting habits in some Afrotropical aculeate wasps, with particular reference to nest parasites (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Eumenidae). Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History) 19 (4): 181-224.

Westwood J.O. 1839. Die Hymenopteren-Gattung Leucospis, monographisch behandelt. Zeitschrift für Entomologie 1 (2): 237-266, pls 3, 4.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa), or

Photographs © Michael Madl and Martin Schwarz (Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna)

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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