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Chrysolampidae

Chrysolampid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Classification

  Chrysolampinae
Philomidinae
Jambiya (incertae sedis - uncertain placement within the planidial larval clade of Chalcidoidea).
Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Either hyperparasitoids of Lepidoptera through Tachinidae (Diptera) or Ichneumonoidea, or primary parasitoids of wood-boring beetle larvae (Anobiidae and Platypodidae), and less commonly Hymenoptera, Orthoptera or Neuroptera.

References

Bouček, Z. 1978. A generic key to Perilampinae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) with a revision of Krombeinius n.gen. and Euperilampus Walker. Entomologica Scandinavica 9:299-307.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Burks R, Mitroiu M-D, Fusu L, Heraty JM, Janšta P, Heydon S, Papilloud ND-S, Peters RS, Tselikh EV, Woolley JB, van Noort S, Baur H, Cruaud A, Darling C, Haas M, Hanson P, Krogmann L, Rasplus J-Y. 2022. From hell’s heart I stab at thee! A determined approach to rendering Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) monophyletic. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 94:13-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.94.94263

Cruaud A, Rasplus J-Y, Zhang J, Burks R, Delvare G, Fusu L, Gibson GAP, Gumovsky A, Hanson P, Huber JT, Janšta P, Mitroiu M-D, Noyes JS, van Noort S, Baker A, Böhmová J, Baur H, Blaimer BB, Brady1 SG, Bubeníková K, Chartois M, Copeland RS, Dale-Skey Papilloud N, Dal Molin A, Darling C, Dominguez C, Fisher N, Gates MW, Gebiola M, Guerrieri E, Haas M, Hansson C, Heydon S, Kresslein RL, Krogmann L, Moriarty Lemmon E, Mottern J, Murray E, Nidelet S, Nieves Aldrey JL, Perry R, Peters RS, Pinto JD, Polaszek A, Sauné L, Schmidt S, Torréns J, Triapitsyn S, Tselikh EV, Ubaidillah R, Yoder M, Lemmon A, Woolley JB, Heraty JM. In press. The Chalcidoidea bush of life–a massive radiation blurred by mutational saturation. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.09.11.507458

Darling, D.C. 1982. Description of a New Species of Krombeinius (Hymenoptera: Perilampidae) from the Philippines, and the Phylogenetic Relationships of the Genus. Psyche 89: 307-316.

Darling, D.C. 1988. A review of the genus Krombeinius (Hymenoptera: Perilampidae) with a reexamination of generic limits and phylogenetic relationships and the descriptions of two new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 96(1): 70-74.

Darling, D.C. 1995. New species of Krombeinius (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Perilampidae) from Indonesia, and the first description of first-instar larva for the genus. Zool. Med. Leiden 69: 209-229.

Darling, D.C. 1996. Generic concepts in the Perilampidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea): an assessment of recently proposed genera. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 5 pp. 100-130.

Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Heraty, J.M. & D.C. Darling. 2007. A new genus and species of Perilampidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) with uncertain placement within the family. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 138: 33-47.

Heraty, J. M., Derafshan, H. A., Ghafouri Moghaddam, M. 2019. Review of the Philomidinae Ruschka (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Perilampidae), with description of three new species.
Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 77(1): 39-56. https://doi.org/10.26049/ASP77-1-2019-03

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Rasplus, J.-Y. 1987. Description d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Krombeinius Bouček, 1978 récoltée en Afrique de l'ouest (Hymenoptera, Perilampidae). Revue Française d'Entomologie (nouvelle série) 9: 9-12.

Risbec, J. 1951. 1. Les Chalcidoides de l'Afrique occidentale française. Mémoires de l'Institute Français d'Afrique Noire, Ifan-Dakar. 13:7-409.

Risbec, J. 1958. Chalcidoides nouveaux d’Afrique du Sud. Occasional Papers of the National Museum of South Rhodesia, Bulawayo 22B: 147 – 162.

Strand, E. 1911. Neue exotische Chalcididen der Gattungen Phasgonophora Westw., Heptasmicra Ashm., Anacrytpus Kby., Antrocephalus Kby., Aperilampus Wlk and Chryseida Spin. (Schluss) Fauna Exotica. 1(3):9-10.

Walker, F. 1871. Part 4. Chalcididae, Leucospidae, Agaonidae, Perilampidae, Ormyridae, Encyrtidae. Notes on Chalcidiae. 55-70. London.\

Zhang, J., Heraty, J.M., Darling, C., Kresslein, R.L., Baker, A.J., Torréns, J., Rasplus, J-Y., Lemmon, A., Lemmon, E.M. 2022 Anchored phylogenomics and a revised classification of the planidial larva clade of jewel wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Systematic Entomology 47: 329– 353. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12533

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Photograph of Jambiya © John Heraty & Chris Darling.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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