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Chalcidid wasps of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)


Distribution Worldwide.
Biology Parasitoids of Lepidoptera and Diptera, less commonly other Hymenoptera or Coleoptera.


Boucek, Z. 1958. Descriptions of a new Tropimeris and a new Tanycoryphus (Chalcididae, Hym.). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 32: 481-486.
Bouček, Z. 1974. On some Chalcididae and Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera), with descriptions of new genera and species from Africa and one species from Asia. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 37(2): 327-330.

Boucek, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. pp. 832pp. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, U.K., Cambrian News Ltd; Aberystwyth, Wales.

Burks R, Mitroiu M-D, Fusu L, Heraty JM, Janšta P, Heydon S, Papilloud ND-S, Peters RS, Tselikh EV, Woolley JB, van Noort S, Baur H, Cruaud A, Darling C, Haas M, Hanson P, Krogmann L, Rasplus J-Y. 2022. From hell’s heart I stab at thee! A determined approach to rendering Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) monophyletic. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 94:13-88. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.94.94263

Cruaud A, Rasplus J-Y, Zhang J, Burks R, Delvare G, Fusu L, Gibson GAP, Gumovsky A, Hanson P, Huber JT, Janšta P, Mitroiu M-D, Noyes JS, van Noort S, Baker A, Böhmová J, Baur H, Blaimer BB, Brady1 SG, Bubeníková K, Chartois M, Copeland RS, Dale-Skey Papilloud N, Dal Molin A, Darling C, Dominguez C, Fisher N, Gates MW, Gebiola M, Guerrieri E, Haas M, Hansson C, Heydon S, Kresslein RL, Krogmann L, Moriarty Lemmon E, Mottern J, Murray E, Nidelet S, Nieves Aldrey JL, Perry R, Peters RS, Pinto JD, Polaszek A, Sauné L, Schmidt S, Torréns J, Triapitsyn S, Tselikh EV, Ubaidillah R, Yoder M, Lemmon A, Woolley JB, Heraty JM. In press. The Chalcidoidea bush of life–a massive radiation blurred by mutational saturation. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.09.11.507458

Cameron, P. 1884. Fam. Chalcididae. [continued] Biologia Centrali-Americana. Insecta. Hymenoptera (Families Tenthredinidae-Chrysididae) 1: 97-120.
Cameron, P. 1905, On the Hymenoptera of the Albany Museum. (Third paper) Record of the Albany Museum 1: 297-314.

Cameron, P. 1907. Descriptions of species of parasitic Hymenoptera, chiefly in the collections of the South African Museum, Cape Town. (Second paper) Annals of the South African Museum 5: 203-225.

Cruaud, A., Delvare, G., Nidelet, S., Sauné, L., Ratnasingham, S., Chartois, M., Blaimer, B.B., Gates, M., Brady, S.G., Faure, S., van Noort, S., Rossi, J.-P. and Rasplus, J.-Y. 2020Ultra-Conserved Elements and morphology reciprocally illuminate conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses in Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)Cladistics 37: 1-35. doi:10.1111/cla.12416 https://doi.org/10.1111/cla.12416

Dalla Torre, K.W. van. 1897. Zur Nomenclatur der Chalcididen-Genera. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 16: 83-88.

Delvare, G. 2017. Order Hymenoptera, family Chalcididae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE 6: 229-232.

Delvare G & Copeland, RS. 2018. Four-horned wasps, description of some remarkable Dirhinus (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) from Kenya, with a discussion of their taxonomic placement. Zootaxa 4374: 301–349. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4374.3.1.

Delvare G, Copeland RS, Tanga CM. 2019. Description of Eniacomorpha hermetiae Delvare sp. n. (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Chalcididae) a pupal parasitoid of Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), and a potential threat to mass production of the fly as a feed supplement for domestic animals. Zootaxa 4638: 237–254. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4638.2.4

Fabricius, J.C. 1787, Mantissa Insectorum sistens species nuper detectas 1: 272 Copenhagen.

Ferrière, C. 1933. Chalcidoid and proctotrupoid parasites of pests of the coconut palm. Stylops. 2: 86-96, 97-108.
Gibson G.A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Gibson, G.A.P., Huber, J.T., Woolley, J.B. (Editors) 1997. Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) :794pp National Research Council Research Press, Ottawa, Canada.

Girault, A.A. 1915. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea - XIV. The family Chalcididae with descriptions of new genera and species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 4: 314-365.

Girault, A.A. 1930. New pests from Australia VIII. 5pp. Brisbane, private publication.

Gul MA, Soliman AM, Gadallah NS, Al Dhafer HM, Delvare G 2020. The genus Phasgonophora Westwood, 1832 (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) in Saudi Arabia: re-evaluation of its limits and description of three new species. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 76: 1-38. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.76.38340

Hanna, A.D. 1934. The description of a new species of Euchalcidia (Hymenoptera, Chalcidinae). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 13:474-479.

Heraty, J.M., Burks, R.A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G.A.P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J.B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D.C., Gates, M.W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J.D., van Noort, S., George, J. & Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cla.12006

Herting, B. 1975. Lepidoptera, Part 1 (Microlepidoptera). A catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods. Section A. Host or Prey/Enemy. 6:218pp. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.

Kerrich, G.J. 1960. A systematic study of the chalcid genus Uga Girault (Hym.: Chalcidoidea), parasites of epilachnine beetles. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London (B) 29(9/10): 113-119.

Kieffer, J.J. 1905, Neue Eucharinae und Chalcidinae. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 49: 262.

Kieffer, J.J. 1912. Description de deux nouveaux chalcidides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 80: 463-466.

Kirby, W.F. 1883. On the genera of the subfamily Chalcidinae, with synonymic notes and descriptions of new species of Leucospidinae and Chalcidinae. Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology). 17: 53-78, plates 3, 4.

Kirby, W.F. 1886. A synopsis of the genera of the Chalcididae, subfamily Eucharinae, with descriptions of several new genera and species of Chalcididae and Tenthredinidae. Journal of the Linnean Society 20: 28-37, plate 1.
Kriechbaumer, J. 1894. Hymenoptera Ichneumonidea a medico nautico Dr. Joh. Brauns in itenere secundo ad oras Africae lecta et a Dr. Jos. Kriechbaumer, enumerata et quoad nova descripta. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 39: 297-318.

Klug, F. 1834. Pars zoologica. Insecta. (In: Ehrenberg, C.G., 1829-1845.) Symbolae physicae, seu icones et descriptiones corporum naturalium novorum aut minus cognitorum, etc. Dec.:i-v, 50 plates. Berlin.

Masi, L. 1917. Chalcididae of the Seychelles islands. (With an appendix by J.J.Kieffer.) Novitates Zoologicae. 24: 121-330

Masi, L. 1929. Contributo alla conoscenza dei calcididi orientali della sottofamiglia Chalcidinae. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna 2: 155-188.

Masi, L. 1936. Chalcidinae raccolte del dott. Alberto Mochi nell'Eritrea (Hymen.). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 59(14): 118-135.

Masi, L. 1939. Descrizione di una nuova specie di Pseudeniaca (Hymen. Chalcididae).   71(5): 96-98.
Masi, L. 1943. Nuove specie di imenotteri calcididi. Diagnosti precentive. Missione biologica Sagan-Omo diretta dal Prof.E. Zavattari. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 75: 65-68.

Masi, L. 1944. Materiali per lo stodio di due generi di Brachymeriinae: Cerachalcis Schmied. in litt e Macrochalcis n. (Hymen. Chalcididae). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 62: 112-139.

Narendran, T.C. 1989. Oriental Chalcididae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Kerala, India:
University of Calicut, Department of Zoology, Zoological Monograph, 441 pp.

Olivier, A.G. 1791. Encyclopédie méthodique. Dictionaire des Insectes 5(2): 369-794. Paris

Risbec, J. 1957. Chalcidoïdes et proctotrupoïdes de l'Afrique occidentale française. Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (A). 19: 228-267.

Schmitz, G. 1946, Chalcididae de l'Afrique Central. Exploration du Parc National Albert, Mission G.F. de Witte 48: 54.

Sichel, J. 1866. Etudes hyménoptèrologiques. II. Essai d'une monographie des genres Phasgonophora Westwood et Conura Spinola. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (4) 5(4):345-396.

Spinola, M. 1811. Essai d'une nouvelle classification générale des Diplolépaires. Annales du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 17: 138-152.

Steffan, J.R. 1948. Deux nouveaux genres d'Haltichellinae (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 53: 118-123.

Steffan, J.R. 1950. Les Haltichellinae du groupe Neochalcis Kirby (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 22(6): 746-752

Steffan, J.R.. 1951. Note sur les genres Xyphorachidia nov. et Rhynchochalcis Cameron (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 56: 34-39.

Steffan, J.R. 1951. Note sur la tribu des Cratocentrini (Hym. Chalcididae, Brachymeriinae); description de deux espèces nouvelles. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 22(5): 596-602.

Steffan, J.R. 1951. Remarques sur quelques genres d'Haltichellinae (Hym. Chalcididae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 23: 375-380.

Steffan, J.R. 1951. Les espèces françaises d'Haltichellinae (Hyménoptères Chalcididae). Feuille des Naturalistes 6(1/2): 1-7.

Steffan, J.R. 1955. Contributions à l'étude de la faune entomologique du Ruanda-Urundi (Mission P. Basilewsky 1953). LXXIV. Hymenoptera Chalcididae. Annales du Musée Royal Congo Belge Tervuren (Zoologie) 40: 376-390.

Steffan, J.R. 1957. Révision des genres Chirocera Latr., Tanyotorthus Steff. et Tanycoryphus Cam. (Hym. Chalcididae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 126: 139-158.
Steffan, J.R. 1959. Revision de la tribu des Cratocentrini (Hymen. Chalcididae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 33: 287-325.

Walker, F. 1841. Description of Chalcidites. Entomologist 1: 217-220.

Walker, F.. 1862. Notes on Chalcidites, and characters of undescribed species. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (3). 1: 345-397.

Walker, F. 1871. Part 3. Torymidae and Chalcididae. Notes on Chalcidiae. 37-54.

Waterston, J. 1916. Chalcidoidea bred from Glossina morsitans in Nyasaland. Bulletin of Entomological Research 6: 381-393.

Westwood, J.O. 1832. Descriptions of several new British forms amongst the parasitic hymenopterous insects. Philosophical Magazine (3) 1: 127-129.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or © Charissa de Lange (Pretoria) or © Gerard Delvare (Cirad-CBGP, Montferrier-sur-Lez Cedex France).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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