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Classification and checklist of Afrotropical Yellow Jackets & Hornets

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Vespidae; Subfamily: Vespinae)

Checklist compiled by James Carpenter (American Museum of Natural History)

  • Genus Vespa Linnaeus, 1758

    • Vespa orientalis Linnaeus, 1771 (Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen. Introduced into Madagascar. Also widespread in Palaearctic and Oriental regions)

  • Genus Vespula Thomson, 1869


Bequaert, J.C. 1918. A revision of the Vespidae of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition: with a list of Ethiopian diplopterous wasps. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 39: 1-384.

Carpenter, J. M. 1982. The phylogenetic relationships and natural classification of the Vespoidea (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 7: 11–38.

Carpenter, J. M. 1982. Vespoidea, Masaridae, Eumenidae, Vespidae. In Parker, S. (ed.), Taxonomy and Classification of Living Organisms: 676-677. McGraw-Hill Co., New York.

Carpenter, J. M. 1987. On “The evolutionary genetics of social wasps” and the phylogeny of the Vespinae (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Insectes Sociaux 34: 58-64.

Carpenter, J. M. 1987. Phylogenetic relationships and classification of the Vespinae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Systematic Entomology 12: 413-431.

Carpenter, J. M. 1993. Biogeographic patterns in the Vespidae (Hymenoptera): two views of Africa and South America. In P. Goldblatt (ed.), Biological Relationships between Africa and South America: 139–155. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press.

Carpenter, J. M. 2003. On “Molecular Phylogeny of Vespidae (Hymenoptera) and the Evolution of Sociality in Wasps.” American Museum Novitates 3389: 1-20.

Carpenter, J. M. & J. Kojima. 1997. Checklist of the species in the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Natural History Bulletin of Ibaraki University 1: 51-92.

Carpenter, J. M. & M. C. Day. 1988. Nomenclatural notes on Polistinae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Proceedings of the Washington Entomological Society 90: 323-328.

Carpenter, J. M. & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Vespidae of the Malagasy Subregion (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (2): 1871-1935.

Dvořák, L. & J. M. Carpenter 2010. New records of vespid wasps from Yemen with synonymy in Belonogaster (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae and Eumeninae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 561-563.

Pickett, K. M. and J. M. Carpenter. 2010. Simultaneous analysis and the origin of eusociality in the Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 68 (1): 3-33.

van der Vecht J. & Carpenter, J.M. 1990. A catalogue of the genera of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera). Zool. Verh. Leiden 260: 1-62.


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa). Checklist compiled by James Carpenter (American Museum of Natural History).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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