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Vespa Linneaus

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Vespidae; Subfamily: Vespinae)

Vespa Linneaus, 1758. Type species: Vespa crabro Linneaus, 1758.

Vespa orientalis Linnaeus, 1771

Distribution

Afrotropical region: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen. Introduced into Madagascar. Also widespread in Palaearctic and Oriental regions.

Biology

Social, constructing concealed communal paper nests often under the ground.

References

Bequaert, J.C. 1918. A revision of the Vespidae of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition: with a list of Ethiopian diplopterous wasps. Bulletin of the AMNH 39: 1-384.

Perrard A, Pickett KM, Villemant C, Kojima J, Carpenter J. 2013. Phylogeny of hornets: a total evidence approach (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Vespinae, Vespa ). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 32: 115.  doi:10.3897/jhr.32.4685

Smith-Pardo, A.H.  Carpenter, J.M. Kimsey L.  2020. The diversity of hornets in the genus Vespa (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Vespinae), their importance and interceptions in the United States. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(3) https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa006

Credits

Photographic credits embedded in images.

Map illustration Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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