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Afrotropical Megalyroidea

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera)

ClassificationIdentification keys

Megalyridae

Distribution

Afrotopical, Australasian, Oriental & Neotropical regions.

Biology

Parasitoids of Coleoptera larvae living under tree bark or rarely Pemphredonidae larvae.

References

Hedqvist, K.J. 1959. Hymenoptera (Ichneumonoidea) Megalyridae. South African Animal Life 6, 485-490

Hedqvist, K.J. 1967. Notes on Megalyridae (Hym. Ichneumonoidea) and description of new species from Madagascar. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 3: 239-246.

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera.
Zootaxa 1668: 521–548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Shaw, S. R. 1990a. A taxonomic revision of the long-tailed wasps of the genus Megalyra Westwood (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 3:1000-1052.

Shaw, S. R. 1990b. Phylogeny and biogeography of the parasitoid wasp family Megalyridae (Hymenoptera). Journal of Biogeography 17:569-581.

Shaw, S.R. & van Noort, S. 2009. A new Dinapsis species from the Central African Republic (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Dinapsini). Zootaxa 2118: 30–36.

van Noort, S. & Shaw, S.R. 2009. Megalyridia capensis (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Megalyridiini) a relict species endemic to South Africa. African Natural History 5: 1-8.

Vilhelmsen, L. Perrichot, V. & Shaw, S.R. 2010. Past and present diversity and distribution in the parasitic wasp family Megalyridae (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00537.x

Waterston, J. 1922. A new family of Hymenoptera from South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 418-420.

Westwood J.O. 1832. In: Griffith E. Supplement on the Hymenoptera, pp 389-576. In: Cuvier G. Animal Kingdom, Class Insecta. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 796 pp.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2017. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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