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Megalyridae

Megalyrid wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Megalyroidea)

ClassificationIdentification keysTOL project: Megalyridae

Dinapsis Waterston, 1922

Megalyridia Hedqvist, 1959

Megalyra Westwood, 1832

Distribution

Africa, southeast Asia and Australia, South America.

Biology

Parasitoids of Coleoptera larvae living under tree bark or rarely Pemphredonidae larvae.

References

Hedqvist, K.J. 1959. Hymenoptera (Ichneumonoidea) Megalyridae. South African Animal Life 6, 485-490

Hedqvist, K.J. 1967. Notes on Megalyridae (Hym. Ichneumonoidea) and description of new species from Madagascar. Annals Soc. Ent. France 3, 239-246.

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Sharkey, M., 2007. Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera.
Zootaxa 1668: 521548.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Liljeblad, J., Dowling, A. P.G., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L. and Wheeler, W. C. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28: 80112. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00366.x

Shaw, S. R. 1990a. A taxonomic revision of the long-tailed wasps of the genus Megalyra Westwood (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 3:1000-1052.

Shaw, S. R. 1990b. Phylogeny and biogeography of the parasitoid wasp family Megalyridae (Hymenoptera). Journal of Biogeography 17:569-581.

Shaw, S.R. & van Noort, S. 2009. A new Dinapsis species from the Central African Republic (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Dinapsini). Zootaxa 2118: 3036.

van Noort, S. & Shaw, S.R. 2009. Megalyridia capensis (Hymenoptera: Megalyridae: Megalyridiini) a relict species endemic to South Africa. African Natural History 5: 1-8.

Vilhelmsen, L. Perrichot, V. & Shaw, S.R. 2010. Past and present diversity and distribution in the parasitic wasp family Megalyridae (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00537.x

Waterston, J. 1922. A new family of Hymenoptera from South Africa. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10, 418-420

Westwood J.O. 1832. In: Griffith E. Supplement on the Hymenoptera, pp 389-576. In: Cuvier G. Animal Kingdom, Class Insecta. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 796 pp.

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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