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Ibaliid wasps of the World

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea)

Cynipoidea keysClassification

  Eileenella Fergusson, 1992 (Oriental region: Papua New Guinea)
  Heteribalia Sakagami, 1949 (Oriental and eastern Palaearctic regions)
Ibalia Latreille, 1802 (Holarctic; introduced to Australia, New Zealand and South Africa)
Distribution Holarctic and Oriental regions; introduced to Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
Biology Parasitoids of Siricidae and Anaxyelidae.


Buffington ML, Forshage M, Liljeblad J, Tang CT, van Noort, S. 2020. World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera):a key to higher-level groups. Insect Systematics and Diversity 4(4): 169. https://doi.org/10.1093/isd/ixaa003

Chai M, Liu Z, Niu Y, Dong Y & Wang Y. 2018. Discovery of two new species of the genus Heteribalia Sakagami (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae) from China. Entomotaxonomia 40: 217-230. 10.11680/entomotax.2018024.

Fergusson, N. 1992. A remarkable new genus and species of Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera) from Papua New Guinea. Journal of Natural History 26(3): 659-662.

Foelker, C. J., Standley, C. R., Fierke, M. K., Parry, D. and Whipps, C. M. 2015. Host tissue identification for cryptic hymenopteran parasitoids associated with Sirex noctilio. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. doi: 10.1111/afe.12137

Hurley, B.P., Fitza, K.N., Wingfield, M.J. and Slippers, B. 2020. Sequence data reflect the introduction pathways of the Sirex woodwasp parasitoid, Ibalia leucospoides (Ibaliidae, Hymenoptera). Agricultural and Forest Entomology 22: 129-135. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12367

Hurley B.P., Slippers, B. & Wingfield, M.J. 2007. A comparison of control results for the alien invasive woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in the southern hemisphere. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9: 159171.

Liu, Z. 1998. A new species of Ibalia from Borneo, and revised phylogeny and historical biogeography of Ibaliidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 7, 149156. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.29275

Liu Z & Nordlander G. 1994. Review of the family Ibaliidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea) with keys to the genera and species of the World. Insect Systematics & Evolution 24 (6): 377392.  https://doi.org/10.1163/187631294X00153

Ritchie, A.J. 1993. Superfamily Cynipoidea (pp. 521-536). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica Scripta 28:139164.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

Ward, D. 2014. Overview and key to the New Zealand Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa. 3878. 563-579. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3878.6.4 

Weld, L.H. 1952. Cynipoidea (Hym.) 19051950, being a Supplement to the Dalla Torre and Kieffer monograph, the Cynipidae in Das Tierreich, Lieferung 24, 1910 and bringing the systematic literature of the world up to date, including keys to families and subfamilies and list of new generic, specific and variety names. Privately Printed, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 1351 pp.

Weld, L.H. 1960. A new genus in Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 62: 195196.


Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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