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Xyalophora tintini van Noort, Buffington & Forshage

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae; Subfamily: Figitinae; Genus: Xyalophora)

Xyalophora tintini van Noort, Buffington & Forshage, 2014. Holotype in Royal Museum of Central Africa, Tervuren (RMCA). Type Locality: Mabwe (Democratic Republic of Congo).

Holotype female (RMCA)  
Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_habitus_lateral Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_habitus_dorsal
Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_head_mesosoma_lateral Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_head_mesosoma_dorsal
Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_head_frontal Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_head_mesoscutem_anterodorsal
Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_head_mesosoma_dorsolateral Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_head_scutellum_dorsal
Xyalophora_tintini_HT_MRAC_wings Xyalophora_tintini_female_RMCA_labels

Paratype male (BMNH)  
Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_habitus_lateral Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_head_mesosoma_dorsal
Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_head_mesosom_lateral Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_metasoma_dorsal
Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_propodeum Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_head_anterior
Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_wings Xyalophora_tintini_male_BMNH_labels

Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia, South Africa.




The specific epithet tintini is in the genitive case and is for Tintin, the comic book character by Hergé, whose adventures in the Congo have done much to popularise the country in a very controversial manner in parts of the world. The Xyalophora spine may possibly suggest Tintin’s famous tuft of hair.


Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitinae nouveaux du Congo Belge (Cynip.-Figitidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 377–384. Ionescu, M.A. 1969. Hymenoptera Cynipoidea. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România, Insecta vol IX, fasc 6, 292 pp.

Jiménez, M., Paretas-Martínez J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2008. Revision of Xyalophora Kieffer and description of Xyalophoroides gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Figitinae). European Journal of Entomology 105: 751–769.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2014. Review of Afrotropical Figitinae (Figitidae, Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera) with the first records of Neralsia and Lonchidia for the region. ZooKeys 453: 37–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.453.8511


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.

  Next genus: Pycnostigmus

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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