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Xyalophora tedjoansi van Noort, Buffington & Forshage

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Cynipoidea; Family: Figitidae; Subfamily: Figitinae; Genus: Xyalophora)

Xyalophora tedjoansi van Noort, Buffington & Forshage, 2014. Holotype in Royal Museum of Central Africa, Tervuren (RMCA). Type Locality: Cinzana (Mali).

Holotype female (RMCA)  
Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_habitus_lateral Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_habitus_dorsal
Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_head_mesoscutum_dorsolateral Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_head_mesoscutum_dorsal
Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_head_frontal Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_head_mesosoma_dorsal
Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_head_mesosoma_lateral Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_metasoma_lateral
Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_pronotum_dorsal Xyalophora_tedjoansi_HT_MRAC_wings

Paratype female (RMCA)  






The specific epithet tedjoansi is in the genitive case and is to commemorate the American-cosmopolitan poet Ted Joans (1928–2003), a surrealist, beat, black power and jazz activist who made Mali one of his several homes in the world. The Xyalophora spine may suggest the horn of Joans’ totemic rhino.


Benoit, P.L.G. 1956. Figitinae nouveaux du Congo Belge (Cynip.-Figitidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 53: 377–384. Ionescu, M.A. 1969. Hymenoptera Cynipoidea. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România, Insecta vol IX, fasc 6, 292 pp.

Jiménez, M., Paretas-Martínez J. & Pujade-Villar, J. 2008. Revision of Xyalophora Kieffer and description of Xyalophoroides gen. n. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Figitinae). European Journal of Entomology 105: 751–769.

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2015. Afrotropical Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). ZooKeys 493: 1-176. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.493.6353

van Noort, S, Buffington ML & Forshage, M. 2014. Review of Afrotropical Figitinae (Figitidae, Cynipoidea, Hymenoptera) with the first records of Neralsia and Lonchidia for the region. ZooKeys 453: 37–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.453.8511


Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Matt Buffington (Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA/ARS) and Mattias Forshage (Swedish Museum of Natural History) both played an integral role in the development of the Cynipoidea pages.

  Next genus: Pycnostigmus

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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