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Torymus_Vida_van_der_Walt

Toryminae

Torymine wasps of the world

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Torymidae)

Classification

  Chalcimerinae
  Microdontomerini
  Monodontomerini
  Palachiini
Podagrionini
Torymini
Torymoidini
  Taxa incertae sedis
Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Ectoparasitoids or phytophagous inquilines of gall-forming insects usually Cynipidae and Cecidomyiidae. A few species are primary parasitoids or hyperparasitoids of various Holometabola or Coccoidea (Gibson, 1993).

References

Gibson A.P. 1993. Superfamilies Mymarommatoidea and Chalcidoidea (pp. 570-655). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Grissell, E.E. 1995. Toryminae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Torymidae). Associated Publishers, Gainesville, Florida, 470pp.

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Vida van der Walt (header image).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

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