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Delta de Saussure

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Vespidae; Subfamily: Eumeninae)

Delta de Saussure, 1855. Type species: Vespa emarginata Linnaeus, 1758 (Vespa maxillosa DeGeer 1774).

 

Delta asina asina (de Saussure, 1852)

Delta asina mixtum (Giordani Soika, 1944)

 

Delta bonellii Giordani Soika, 1973

Delta caffrum (Linné, 1767)

 

Delta campaniforme pseudodyscherum

Delta campaniforme pseudopulcherrimum Giordani Soika, 1968

Delta campaniforme rhodesiense Bequaert, 1926

Delta campaniforme tessmanni (von Schulthess, Rechberg, 1910)

Delta concinnum (de Saussure, 1855)

Delta dimidiatipenne (de Saussure, 1852)

Delta emarginatum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Delta esuriens esuriens (Yemen)

Delta esuriens gracile (de Saussure, 1852)

Delta fenestrale (de Saussure, 1852)

Delta higletti higletti (Meade-Waldo, 1910)

Delta higletti rendalli (Bingham, 1902)

Delta hottentotum hottentotum (de Saussure, 1852)

 

Delta hottentottum berlandi (Giordani Soika, 1934)

Delta hottentottum elegans (Saussure)

Delta hottentotum nigriventre Giordani Soika, 1989

Delta hottentottum tibesticum (Giordani Soika, 1954)

Delta hottentottum unicoloripenne Giordani Soika, 1989

Delta inexspectatum Giordani Soika, 1982

Delta lepeletierii lepeletierii (de Saussure, 1852)

 

Delta lepeletierii formosum (de Saussure, 1852)

Delta lepeletierii meruense (Cameron, 1910)

Delta lepeletierii pilosellum Giordani Soika, 1982

Delta occidentale Giordani Soika, 1975

Delta phthisicum (Gerstäcker, 1857)

Delta pseudodimidiatipenne (Giordani Soika, 1944)

Delta pulcherrimum pulcherrimum (von Schulthess, Rechberg, 1910)

Delta pulcherrimum nigrithorax Giordani Soika, 1982

Delta subfenestrale (Giordani Soika, 1939)

Delta tropicale (de Saussure, 1852)

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Mud nest usually built on surfaces of rocks, walls or branches and trunks of trees, either as a single pot or as a group of cells covered by an outer envelope; prey are usually geometrid moth caterpillars (Gess & Gess, 2014).

References

Bequaert, J. 1918. A Revision of the Vespidae of the Belgian Congo Based on the Collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, With A List of Ethiopian Diplopterous Wasps. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 39: 2-384.

Bequaert, J. 1926. The genus Eumenes Latreille, in South Africa, with a revision of the Ethiopian species (Hymenoptera.) Annals of the South African Museum 23: 483–577.

Carpenter, J.M. 1986. A Synonymic Generic Checklist of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Psyche 93: 61-90.

Carpenter, J. M. & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Vespidae of the Malagasy Subregion (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (2): 1871-1935.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner, & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part I: Introduction, Key to Genera, Genera Aethiopicodynerus Gusenleitner, 1997 to Cyrtolabulus van der VECHT 1969. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (1): 513-638.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner, & M. Madl. 2010a. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part II: Genera Delta de Saussure, 1885 to Zethus Fabricius, 1804 and Species Incertae Sedis. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 95-315.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner, & M. Madl. 2010b. A Catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part III: Classification, Additions, Corrections and Index. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 919-1004.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W. 2014. Wasps and bees in southern Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series 24. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. 320 pp.

Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2011. Systematics and biology of the African genus Ferraria (Iridaceae: Irideae). Bothalia 41: 1–40.

Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2012. Notes on Moraea subg. Visciramosa (Iridoideae), including the new species Moraea saldanhensis from the Atlantic coast of South Africa, recognition of M. inconspicua subsp. namaquensis, and pollination biology in M. rivulicola. Bothalia 42: 210-215.

Goldblatt, P., Bernhardt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2009. Adaptive radiation of the putrid perianth: Ferraria (Iridaceae: Irideae) and its unusual pollinators. Plant Systematics and Evolution 278: 53–65.

Credits

Photographs © Peter Webb (Irene, Pretoria), or © Iziko Museums of South Africa.


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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