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Afreumenes Bequaert

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Vespidae; Subfamily: Eumeninae)

Afreumenes Bequaert, 1926. Type species: Eumenes melanosoma de Saussure, 1852.

 

Afreumenes aethiopicus aethiopicus (de Saussure, 1852)

Afreumenes aethiopicus affinis (von Schulthess Rechberg, 1910)

Afreumenes aethiopicus longirostris (Gerstäcker,1857)

Afreumenes aethiopicus longitudinalis Giordani Soika, 1968

Afreumenes aterrimus aterrimus (von Schulthess, Rechberg, 1910)

Afreumenes aterrimus bicoloratus Giordani Soika, 1987

Afreumenes aterrimus pseudomelanosoma Giordani Soika, 1968

Afreumenes erythrosoma (Giordani Soika, 1940)

Afreumenes melanosoma melanosoma (de Saussure, 1852)

Afreumenes melanosoma ealensis Giordani Soika, 1968 (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Afreumenes moseri moseri (Schulz, 1906)

Afreumenes moseri bimidiatus Giordani Soika, 1968

Afreumenes nigrorufus Giordani Soika, 1968

Afreumenes violaceus violaceus (Giordani Soika, 1941)

 

Afreumenes violaceus paramelanosoma Giordani Soika, 1968

Afreumenes violaceus rugosopunctatus Giordani Soika, 1968

Afreumenes violaceus trifasciatus Giordani Soika, 1987

Distribution

Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko), Eritrea,  Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria,  Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Biology

Mud nest usually built on surfaces of rocks, walls or branches and trunks of trees, either as a single pot or as a group of cells covered by an outer envelope; prey are usually geometrid moth caterpillars (Gess & Gess, 2014).

References

Bequaert, J. 1918. A Revision of the Vespidae of the Belgian Congo Based on the Collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, With A List of Ethiopian Diplopterous Wasps. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 39: 2-384.

Bequaert, J. 1926. The genus Eumenes Latreille, in South Africa, with a revision of the Ethiopian species (Hymenoptera.) Annals of the South African Museum 23: 483–577.

Carpenter, J.M. 1986. A Synonymic Generic Checklist of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Psyche 93: 61-90.

Carpenter, J. M. & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Vespidae of the Malagasy Subregion (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (2): 1871-1935.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner, & M. Madl. 2009. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part I: Introduction, Key to Genera, Genera Aethiopicodynerus Gusenleitner, 1997 to Cyrtolabulus van der VECHT 1969. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 41 (1): 513-638.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner, & M. Madl. 2010a. A catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part II: Genera Delta de Saussure, 1885 to Zethus Fabricius, 1804 and Species Incertae Sedis. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 95-315.

Carpenter, J.M., J. Gusenleitner, & M. Madl. 2010b. A Catalogue of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) of the Ethiopian Region excluding Malagasy Subregion. Part III: Classification, Additions, Corrections and Index. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 42 (1): 919-1004.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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