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Celonites Latreille

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Vespidae; Subfamily: Masarinae)

Celonites Latreille 1802. Type species: Masaris apiformis Fabricius 1793


  Celonites andrei Brauns, 1905
  Celonites arenarius Gess 2007
  Celonites bergenwahliae Gess, 1989
  Celonites capensis Brauns, 1905
  Celonites clypeatus Brauns, 1913
  Celonites davidi Gess, 1989
  Celonites gariepensis Gess 1997
  Celonites heliotropii Gess 2007
  Celonites humeralis Richards, 1962
  Celonites jousseaumei senegalensis Richards, 1962
  Celonites kalahariensis Gess, 2007
  Celonites latitarsis Gess, 1992
  Celonites lobeliae Gess, 1997
  Celonites michaelseni von Schulthess, 1923
  Celonites peliostomi Gess, 1989
  Celonites pictus pictus Richards, 1962
  Celonites promontorii Brauns, 1905
  Celonites pulcher Gess, 2007
  Celonites purcelli Brauns, 1905
  Celonites rothschildi du Buysson, 1906
  Celonites tumidiscutellatus Gess, 1997
  Celonites turneri Richards, 1962
  Celonites wahlenbergiae Gess, 1989
  Celonites wheeleri Brauns, 1905
  Celonites yemenensis ethiopicus Richards, 1962
  Celonites yemenensis yemenensis Giordani Soika, 1957
  Celonites zavattarii Giordani Soika, 1944


Afrotropical region: North-east Africa, Namibia, South Africa. Also Palaearctic region.


Nest cells are constructed on plants or rocks, in pre-existing cavities, or in an excavated burrow in sandy soil with the use of nectar; no water is required for construction (Gess & Gess, 1989; 2004).


Gess F.W. 1989. A species of the genus Celonites Latreille (Hymenoptera: Masaridae) from South Africa. Ann. Cape Prov. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Vol 18: 83-94.

Gess F.W. 1992. A  New South African Species of the Genus Celonites Latreille (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, Masarinae) Associated with the Flowers of Wahlenbergia (Campanulaceae). J. HYM. RES., Vol 1: 141-144.

Gess, F.W. 1997. Contribution to the knowledge of Ceramius Latreille, Celonites Latreille, Jugurtia Saussure and Masarina Richards (Hymenoptera: Masaridae) in South Africa. J. HYM. RES., Vol 6: 36-74.

Gess, F.W. 2007. Four New Species of the Wasp Genus Celonites Latreille, 180 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae) from South-west Africa, Designation of Neotype for C. michaelseni von Schulthess, 1923, Species Representation in Namibia, and Key to Species Occurring in Namibia. J. HYM. RES., Vol 16: 11-29.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W.  1989. Flower visiting by masarid wasps in southern Africa (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea: Masaridae). Ann. Cape Prov. Mus. (nat. Hist.) 18(5): 95‑134.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W. 2004. Distributions of flower associations of pollen wasps (Vespidae: Masarinae) in southern Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 57(1): 17-44.

Gess, S.K. & Gess, F.W. 2004. The Distributions of the genera of the pollen wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Masarinae) in the semi-arid to arid areas of southern Africa in relation to their requirements for successful nesting. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 59(2): 23-27.


Photographs Robert Gess.


Next genus: Ceramius

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2024. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the World. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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