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Belonogaster Saussure

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Vespoidea; Family: Vespidae; Subfamily: Polistinae)

Belonogaster Saussure,1853. Type species: Vespa juncea Fabricius, 1781.

 

Classification

Belonogaster species
Belonogaster species
  Belonogaster abyssinica Buysson, 1906
  Belonogaster acaulis Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster adenensis Giordani Soika, 1957
  Belonogaster apicalis Saussure, 1900
  Belonogaster arabica Giordani Soika, 1958
  Belonogaster atrata Schulthess, 1912
  Belonogaster aurata Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster barbata Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster bicolor Saussure, 1900
  Belonogaster bimaculata Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster brachystoma Kohl, 1894
  Belonogaster brevipetiolata Saussure, 1891
  Belonogaster brevitarsus Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster brunnea Ritsema, 1874
  Belonogaster brunnescens Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster clypeata Kohl, 1894
Belonogaster dubia Khol, 1894
  Belonogaster eumenoides Saussure, 1891
  Belonogaster facialis Buysson, 1908
  Belonogaster ferruginea Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster filiventris (Saussure, 1853)
  Belonogaster flava Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster freyi Buysson, 1909
  Belonogaster fuscipennis Buysson, 1909
  Belonogaster grisea (Fabricius, 1775)
  Belonogaster guerini (Saussure, 1853)
  Belonogaster hildebrandti Saussure, 1891
  Belonogaster hirsuta Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster jordani Richards, 1982
Belonogaster juncea (Fabricius, 1781)
  Belonogaster keiseri Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster kelnerpillautae Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster kohli Schulz, 1906
  Belonogaster lateritia Gerstaecker, 1855
  Belonogaster leonhardii Buysson, 1909
  Belonogaster leonina Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster levior Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster libera Richards, 1982
Belonogaster longitarsus Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster macilenta (Fabricius, 1781)
  Belonogaster maculata Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster madecassa (Saussure, 1853)
  Belonogaster maromandia Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster meneliki Gribodo, 1879
  Belonogaster multipunctata Richards, 1982
Belonogaster neavei Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster nigricans Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster nitida Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster pennata Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster petiolata (Degeer, 1778)
  Belonogaster pileata Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster prasina Saussure, 1891
  Belonogaster principalis Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster punctata Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster punctilla Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster pusilloides Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster rothkirchi Schulthess, 1914
  Belonogaster saeva Saussure, 1891
  Belonogaster saussurei Kirby, 1881
  Belonogaster somereni Richards,1982
  Belonogaster tarsata Kohl, 1893
Belonogaster turbulenta Kohl, 1894
  Belonogaster turgida Kohl, 1894
  Belonogaster ugandae Richards, 1982
  Belonogaster vasseae Buysson, 1906

Distribution

Afrotropical region.

Biology

Social, constructing communal paper nests. Larvae are fed on chewed-up, soft-bodied insects such as caterpillars.

References

Bequaert, J.C. 1918. A revision of the Vespidae of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition: with a list of Ethiopian diplopterous wasps. Bulletin of the AMNH 39: 1-384.

Keeping MG & Crewe RM. 1983. Parasitoids, commensals and colony size in nests of Belonogaster (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa. 46: 309323.

Picker, M., Griffiths, C & Weaving, A. 2002. Field Guide to Insects of South Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

Richards, O.W. 1982. A revision of the genus Belonogaster de Saussure (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.)  Vol 44: 31-114.

Credits

Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Vida van der Walt (Pretoria) or Mike Picker & Charles Griffiths (University of Cape Town) (published in Struik's Field Guide to Insects of South Africa).


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2023. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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