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Orthogonaline wasps of Africa and Madagascar

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Trigonaloidea)


Orthogonalys Schulz, 1905


Worldwide, except for Western Palaearctic and Australasia.


Hyperparasitoids of Lepidoptera and Symphyta caterpillars.


Benoit, P.L.G. 1951. La systematique des Trigonalidae (Hym.) ethiopiens. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines, 44, 141-147.

Carmean, D. & Kimsey, L. 1998. Phylogenetic revision of the parasitoid wasp family Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera).  Systematic Entomology 23, 35-76.

Mason, W.R.M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea and Trigonalyoidea (pp. 510-520). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Smith, D.R. & Tripotin, P. 2012. Trigonalidae (Hymenoptera) of Madagascar. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 24: 125. https://doi.org/10.3897/jhr.24.1811


Photographs Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Page developed by Aisha Mayekiso

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)


Citation: van Noort, S. 2022. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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