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Nematinae

Nematine wasps of Africa and Madagascar (Introduced) 

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera; Superfamily: Tenthredinoidea; Family: Tenthredinidae)

Classification

Nematus Panzer, 1801

Distribution

Widespread in Northern Hemisphere. Introduced to Australia, Argentina, Chile, Lesotho, New Zealand, South Africa (Koch & Smith 2000).

Biology

Phytophagous. In South Africa they feed on Willlows: Salix babylonica Linnaeus, S. fragilis Linnaeus (Salicaceae) (Urban & Eardley 1995, 1997).

References

Goulet, H. 1993. Superfamilies Cephoidea, Megalodontoidea, Orussoidea, Siricoidea, Tenthredinoidea and Xyeloidea (pp. 101-129). In GOULET, H. & HUBER, J. (eds). Hymenoptera of the World: an identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 668 pp.

Koch, F. & Smith, D.R. 2000. Nematus oligospilus Förster (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), an introduced willow sawfly in the southern hemisphere. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, Washington 102: 292-300.

Koch F, Goergen G & van Noort S. 2015. The sawflies of Namibia and the western parts of South Africa (Symphyta, Hymenoptera). ABC Taxa 15: 1-262.

Prous, M., Blank, SM., Goulet, H., Heibo, E., Liston, A., Malm, T., Nyman, T., Schmidt, S., Smith, DR., Vårdal, H., Viitasaari, M., Vikberg, V., Taeger, A. 2014. The genera of Nematinae (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 40: 1–69. doi: 10.3897/JHR.40.7442

Taeger, A. & Blank, S.M. 2011. ECatSym – electronic world catalog of Symphyta (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Program version 3.10, data version 38 (07.12.2011) Digital Entomological Information, Müncheberg.

Taeger, A., Blank, S.M. & Liston, A.D. 2010. World Catalog of Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa 2580: 1-1064.

Urban, A.J. & Eardley, C.D. 1995. A recently introduced sawfly, Nematus oligospilus Förster (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), that defoliates willows in southern Africa. African Entomology 3: 23-27.

Urban, A.J. & Eardley, C.D. 1997. Willow sawfly: A contentious issue. Plant Protection News, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria 47: 20-24.

van Noort, S. & Picker, M. 2011. Wasps, Bees, Ants. Class Insecta, Order Hymenoptera. Pp 140-146. In:  Picker, M. & Griffiths, C. (eds.) Alien & Invasive Animals. A South African perspective. Struik Nature.

Credits

Photographs © Andrew D. Liston (Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut).

Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2018. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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