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Epirhyssa Cresson

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae; Subfamily: Rhyssinae)

Epirhyssa Cresson, 1865. Type species: Epirhyssa speciosa Cresson, 1865.

ClassificationIdentification keys

Epirhyssa brianfisheri Rousse & van Noort, 2014
Epirhyssa copelandi Varga, 2020

Epirhyssa ghesquierei Seyrig, 1937

Epirhyssa johanna Hopkins, 2019

Epirhyssa leroyi Benoit, 1951

Epirhyssa maynei Benoit, 1952

Epirhyssa migratoria Seyrig, 1932

Epirhyssa overlaeti Seyrig, 1937

Epirhyssa quagga Hopkins, Roininen, van Noort, Broad, Kaunisto & Sääksjärvi, 2019

Epirhyssa shaka Rousse & van Noort, 2014
Epirhyssa tombeaodiba Rousse & van Noort, 2014

Epirhyssa uelensis Benoit, 1951

Epirhyssa villemantae Rousse & van Noort, 2014
Epirhyssa species

Distribution

 

Afrotropical region: Central African Republic, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda.

Epirhyssa species occur in the Oriental, Neotropical and Afrotropical regions (50, 45 and 12 species, respectively), and also in the Eastern Palaearctic, Australasian and Nearctic regions (8, 4 and 1 species, respectively).

Australasian region: Papua New Guinea.

Nearctic region: Mexico, USA.

Neotropical region: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad.

Oriental region: China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar,  Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam.

Palaearctic region: Russia.

Biology

Host: Hyblaea puera (Hyblaeidae).

References

Benoit, P.L.G. 1951. Les Rhyssini ethiopiens (Pimplinae - Ichneumonidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 44: 382-385.

Cresson, E.T. 1865. On the Hymenoptera of Cuba. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 4:1-200.

Hopkins T, Roininen H, Sääksjärvi IE. 2019. Extensive sampling reveals the phenology and habitat use of Afrotropical parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Rhyssinae). Royal Society Open Science 6: 190913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190913

Hopkins T, Roininen H, van Noort S, Broad GR, Kaunisto K, Sääksjärvi IE. 2019. Extensive sampling and thorough taxonomic assessment of Afrotropical Rhyssinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) reveals two new species and demonstrates the limitations of previous sampling efforts. ZooKeys 878: 33-71. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.878.37845

Rousse P. & van Noort S. 2014. A review of the Afrotropical Rhyssinae (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera) with descriptions of five new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 91: 1-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2014.91

Seyrig, A. 1932. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. I Ichneumonidae Pimplinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache. Fascicule 11. 183pp.

Seyrig, A. 1937. Sur les Rhyssini de la faune éthiopienne (Hym. Ichneumonidae). Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 30: 112-116.

Varga, O. 2020. First record of Epirhyssa Cresson, 1865 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Rhyssinae) from Kenya. Zootaxa 4852: 590–593. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4852.5.9

Credits

Photographs by Pascal Rousse or Simon van Noort © Iziko Museums of South Africa; or © Tapani Hopkins (Zoological Museum, University of Turku, Finland). Photographs of living specimen © Marie Delport.
 

Next genus: Megarhyssa


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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