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Classification

Phygadeuontinae

of the Afrotropical Region

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea; Family: Ichneumonidae)

Pezomachoidae Förster, 1869: 143, 172. Type genus: Pezomachus Gravenhorst (= Gelis Thunberg).
Phygadeuontoidae Förster, 1869: 144, 181. Type genus: Phygadeuon Gravenhorst.

Hemiteloidae Förster, 1869: 144, 173. Type genus: Hemiteles
Gravenhorst.
Stilpnoidae Förster, 1869: 144, 188. Type genus: Stilpnus
Gravenhorst.
Hemigastrini Ashmead, 1900: 38. Type genus: Hemigaster
Brullé.
Myersiidae Viereck, 1912: 575. Type genus: Myersia Viereck
( = Polyaulon Förster).
Gelinae Viereck, 1918: 73. Type genus: Gelis Thunberg.

Acrolyta_crassicornis

Acrolyta Förster, 1869

 

Amphibulus Kriechbaumer, 1893

Astomaspis Förster, 1869

 

Atractodes Gravenhorst, 1829

 

Bathythrix Förster, 1869

 

Bodedia Seyrig, 1952

 

Ceratophygadeuon Viereck, 1924

 

Charitopes Förster, 1869

 

Chirotica Förster, 1869

 

Diaglyptella Förster, 1869

 

Diatora Förster, 1869

 

Dichrogaster Doumerc, 1855

 

Diracela Townes, 1973

 

Dolichomastix Ceballos, 1924

 

Encrateola Strand, 1917

 

Gabia Seyrig, 1952

Gelis_balteatus_HOLOTYPE

Gelis Thunberg, 1827

 

Gerdius Townes, 1970

 

Gessia Townes, 1973

Goryphus_cinctitibia_HOLOTYPE

Goryphus Holmgren, 1868

 

Gotra Seyrig, 1952

 

Handaoia Seyrig, 1952

 

Indovia Seyrig, 1952

Lienella Cameron, 1905

 

Mamelia Seyrig, 1952

 

Neopimpla Ashmead, 1900

 

Nipponaetes Uchida, 1933

 

Paraglyptus Seyrig, 1952

Paraphylax_caffer_HOLOTYPE

Paraphylax Förster, 1869

 

Phygadeuon Gravenhorst, 1829

 

Retalia Seyrig, 1952

 

Sozites Seyrig, 1952

Xenolytus_bitinctus_NON-TYPE

Xenolytus Förster, 1869

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology Most are idiobiont ectoparasitoid of Holometabola pupae or prepupae. Some species are koinobiont or endoparasitoids, and some species parasitize the egg masses of Araneae and Pseudoscorpionida.
Diagnosis Body usually small (forewing almost always 2.0–8.5, very rarely up to 11 mm, with some apterous species). Clypeus usually convex, separated from face by groove. Supraclypeal area of male almost never marked with yellow or whitish. Apical truncation of flagellum transversal to oblique. Male antenna nearly always with tyloids. Epicnemial carina distinct both ventrally and laterally. Sternaulus distinct, reaching at least 0.5 of the length to mid-coxa, when complete ending distinctly dorsad of ventral corner of mesopleuron. Postpectal carina incomplete, often vestigial or absent. Dorsal margin of metanotum posteriorly with a sublateral triangular projection opposite to the anterior end of sublateral longitudinal carina of propodeum. Foretibia of female never swollen (except in Bilira Townes). Propodeum almost always with both longitudinal and transverse carinae. Areolet pentagonal and well delimited, even if crossvein 3r-m is absent. Forewing crossvein 2m-cu usually distinct, rarely spectral or absent, usually distinctly inclivous and with two bullae. Hindwing vein M+Cu distinctly arched. Metasoma cylindrical to dosoventrally depressed, segments 3 and 4 wider than high; apex of metasoma often truncate. First metasomal tergite usually posteriorly widened, without glymma, its spiracle placed posteriorly to mid-length. Thyridium usually small; gastrocoeli absent. Ovipositor almost always extending conspicuously beyond metasomal apex, usually 0.3–1.2× length of hindtibia, its sheaths flexible (Santos, 2017).

References

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1994. Opinion 1757. Cryptus Fabricius, 1804 and Cryptinae Kirby, 1837 (Insecta, Hymenoptera) conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(1):74-75. 

Rousse, P. & Villemant, C. 2012. Ichneumons in Reunion Island: a catalogue of the local Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species, including 15 new taxa and a key to species. Zootaxa 3278: 1–57.

Santos BF. 2017. Phylogeny and reclassification of Cryptini (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with implications for ichneumonid higher-level classification. Systematic Entomology. doi:10.1111/syen.12238

Seyrig, A. 1952. Les Ichneumonides de Madagascar. IV Ichneumonidae Cryptinae. Mémoires de l'Académie Malgache. Fascicule XIX. 213 pp.

Yu D.S., van Achterberg, K., Horstmann, K. 2011. World Ichneumonoidea 2011. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. Available from Vancouver, Canada: Taxapad. www.taxapad.com

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa). Banner image © Vida van der Walt.

Acaenitinae; Anomaloninae; Banchinae; Brachycyrtinae; Sisyrostolinae; Campopleginae; Cremastinae; Cryptinae; Ctenopelmatinae; Diplazontinae; Eucerotinae; Ichneumoninae; Lycorininae; Mesochorinae; Metopiinae; Ophioninae; Orthocentrinae; Pimplinae; Rhyssinae; Tersilochinae; Tryphoninae; Xoridinae


Web author Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. 2021. WaspWeb: Hymenoptera of the Afrotropical region. URL: www.waspweb.org (accessed on <day/month/year>).

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